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California Ladies' Magazine 


Page 2 


December. 1903. 

What is the Matter? What is the Matter? What is the Matter? 

WHY are so 
many of the 
young girls wear- 
ing neat 

WHO was so 
kind as to furnish 
these beautiful 

Drop a postal to 
receive particu- 

WHY are nearly 
all the young boys 






If you wish to 
know how thous- 
ands of young 
girls and boys 
were so success- 
ful as to get these 
presents, write to 





HALE BROS., Inc. of San Francisco, Cat. 

The Greatest Department Store on the Pacific Coast is Sending Them all These Presents Free of Charge. 


The California Ladies' Magazine will give a beautiful No. IS Kimball piano as a present to any Indi- 
vidual, organization, fraternal order, church, club or other institution managed by women, on the Pacific Coast, 
for the largest number of subscribers in 1904. This piano is one of the finest instruments manufactured, and is' 
worth $600. It is 7 1-3 octaves, has Ivory keys three strings and agraffe with an elaborate case and hand-carved 

The contest is now open, and will close December 31, 1904. 

This is a splendid chance to get a piano free. The successful contestant may get the prize for LOO sub- 
scribers, or even less. This is the best opportunity offered to any one on the Pacific Coast to get a fine piano free. 

Subscription to the California Ladies' Magazine is one dollar a year, cash in advance, and subscriptions 
should be forwarded as soon as secured. 

Announcements of the number of subscribers received from the leading contestants will be published each 
month. All subscriptions should be sent to the CALIFORNIA LADIES' MAGAZINE. 

906 Broadway, Oakland, California. 

j& Literary Announcement for the Year 1904 j& 

The California Ladies' Magazine for 
1904 will be a great improvement over 
that of the preceding year. Many 
new features will be introduced, in- 
cluding an Editorial pagi of current 
comment, a Literary Review, Story- 
ette Department, etc. 

Mrs. Nellie Blessing Eyster. one of 
the most noted writers of the day. will 
begin in the January number a ro- 
mance entitled "Bread and Hya- 
cinths," which will be published in 
serial form. Mrs. Eyster combines 
a rare and beautiful personality with 
vigorous intellect and world-wide ex- 

perlei Slie is peculiarly fitted to 

both charm and interest the thousands 
of readers of this magazine, who are 
in the least familiar with the literary 
world. Anything from her pen will 
be read with great interest. 

With the January number Mrs. 
Sophie 10. Gardiner will commence an 
interesting series on the subject of 
"What Men and Women Should Know 
Before They Enter the Matrimonial 
Life." This will run for twelve 
months. The same well-known writ- 
er will also contribute one page each 
month under the title of "Noted Wo- 
men of the Day." 

The first of a series of articles en- 
titled "Peculiar Customs of Various 
Peoples." by J. M. Scanlon, will also 
appear in the January number, and be 
continued in February, March and 

The California Ladies' Magazine 
will contain, during the year, over 
one hundred short stories by some of 
the best and most pleasing writers. 

The Department of Looking will oc- 
cupy the usual space, as in 1903, and 
will be interesting to every house-wife. 

Our Beauty Doctor will answer in 
each number all questions relating to 
that Department, which "will be wel- 
comed by the ladies. 

The Children's Page will be very in- 

We shall continue to publish contri- 
butions from talented juvenile writ- 
ers. Prizes of $5 each will be award- 
ed for the best short story, which 
should not contain more than four 
hundred words. 

Which will be qiven to the party who sends us the most subscribers In 1904. 



Published Monthly by the 


Publication Office 
Editorial Rooms : : 
Advertising Department 

413-415-417 Eighth St., Oakland 
906 Broadway, Oakland 
San Francisco, Cal. 


Entered in the Postoffice at Oakland, Cal., as second-class mail matter. 


The Household Department will 
prove entertaining to every lady in 
the land. 

Our Fancy Work pages In 1 90 3 
were so attractive that they received 
many enconiums of praise, classing 
them as the best in any woman's pub- 
lication in the United States. This 
Department will be more interesting 
in 1904. 

There will be five pages of Fash- 
ions each month — one for girls and 
young ladies, one for boys and young 
men. and three pages of general inter- 
est to women. The illustrations will 
be from the brush of the best artists. 
and the fashions from Paris. London 
and Berlin, the leading centers of the 
world. These will be received three 
months in advance. 

The California Ladies' Magazine in 
1903 received favorable comments 
from many of the leading journals of 
the country, classing it as one of the 
best publications of the kind in the 
United States. We quote the fol- 
lowing extracts: 

"The best magazine in the world" 
"It is superior to any other ladies' 

"A guide and an educator." 
"The finest magazit.e for ladies." 
"Handsomest magazine ever publish- 
ed in California." 
"Most interesting magazine we have 

ever seen." 
"The best magazine we have seen." 
"It is a thoroughly up-to-date ladies' 

"A sharp competitor to the Ladles' 

Home Journal." 
"It should grace the reading table of 

every home." 
"Most interesting magazine we has. 

"The most creditable Coast publica- 
"Educator true to his country." 
"Leading light in literature world." 

We shall not only keep the magazine 
up to the same standard of excellence, 
but improve all departments hi 1904. 
The subscription price will remain the 
same — one dollar a year. 

Vol. IV 


No. 12 


One evening, in the year 746 of Rome, on the 7th 
day before the kalends of January, which corres- 
ponded to our 25th of December, two Roman offlcerj 
left Jerusalem, on horseback, by the Gate of Damas- 
cus, followed by an escort of soldiers and slaves. 

One of them, advanced In years and free of speech, 
recalle , by the coarse vulgarity of his features, the 
type of Vltellius. An epicurean in doctrine and habit, 
he quoted his favorite poet, Hora.e, in season and 
OUt Of season, his name was Mansius Quadratus. 
The other was barely 30 years of age; he responded 
only by monosyllables to the inexhaustible loquacity 
of his companion; his countenance was austere, his 
hair closely cut, of the Roman fashion, and his mark- 
ed features were clearly defined against the pure 
sky of a beautiful Pal stlne evening. Taking no 
heed of the frivolous babble of Quadratus, he gazed 
pensively on the white solitudes which surrounded 
Jerusalem, like one following but in his mind the 
solution of some problem. 

"sooner or later, my fine Octavlus," said the epicur- 
ean, "you will come to see that wisdom does not con- 
sist of dreaming of the future, but in enjoying the 
present; you cannot change the world; the world, 
my young friend, is older than you. I grieve to see 
you giving up your n^ jle mind to vagu : dreams of 
a future, which disenchant you with the joys of the 
present, cnuemning your youth to the vain hopes 
of some intangible good. Alas! my Octavius, the 
world is going from bad to worse, believe me. One 
must accept it as it Is, take one's share of pleasure 
as a wise guest, and not weary one's heart by ex- 
pecting me return of the golden age." 

A momentary silence followed this exhortation; 
nothing was heard save the regular tread of the 
two horses, the noise of the heavy swords as they 
struck against the saddles, and the hurrying steps 
of the escoj t. 

"But," resumed the irresponsible Quadratus, "may 
one at least know where you get hold of these 
Ideas concerning the future of the world? Only an- 
swer me, Octavius, in case my question be not in- 
discreet. I r espect the opinions of others, provided 
1 he let alone in my own. To be frank with you, 
it is said that since your sojourn in Jerusalem, your 
mind has become infected, and that you have not 
proved quite proof against the superstitions of the 
people of Judea." 

Before Octavius could answer, a slave broke away 
from the escort, and ran forward to the riders. Both 
of them, absoioed — u»e one in his thoughts, the prat- 
tle — had swerved from the high road which led di- 
rect to Bethlehem. Warned of their mistake, they 
retraced their steps, and entered the ravines which 
descend to the foot of Mount Zlon. 

"Octavius," resumed the elder man. "let me en- 
treat you to cast off this melancholy for which you 
have no excuse, neither in your circumstances, nor in 
the general state of the world under the divine and 
glorious Augustus. Look at the empire — look at the 
whole universe — happy at the feet of Caesar! Do 
not shut yourself out of the general joy, to brood 
over vain theories of which even yourself — " 

"Quadratus," interrupted Octav'us. "we begin to 

feel the evening freshness. Do you think we are 
still far from Bethlehem?" 

"We are hardly half way," said Quadratus; "when 
we have passed the top of yonder hill, we shall see 
the light of the village. We shall arrive barely in 
time to take possession of our night quarters. There 
is but one inn at Bethlehem that I have heard of, 
and I know not how all our Jews are to find room 
there; top myself I cannot bear the shadow of one 
of the race within fifty feet of my room; I am not 
like a certain officer of my acquaintance, for whom 
the charms o f Judaism — " 

"Quadracus," said Octavius gravely, "as- you per- 
sist in recurring to that subject, I had better put 
a stop to the joke." 

Now he is offended! No one can have a joke, 
even with the young people. Verily I believe that 
soon the world will not know how to laugh." 

"What will you have Quadratus? There are un- 
reasonable souls, who console themselves for every- 
thing with Falernlan wine. 1 am not a Jew, as you 
intimate, nor am I tempted to become one. I am a 
Roman, like yourself, free from superstition, and not 
overtroubled, it seems to me, with scruple?. I have, 
on the contrary, tasted of everything, and found 


all thi-gs vain; I am dying of weariness, in the 
midst of pleasures; I envy you your light-heartec 
happiness, and wish I had the secret of it. The 
pleasures of this world only wake in my heart a 
hunger and thirst which they are powerless to as- 
suage. I would fain go to sleep like you, in the 
enjoyment of them, and forget the 
world and myself; but some vague, in- 
finite longing comes to trouble my 
slumber and plunge me Into endless 
dreams and desires. And so I wait, 
for whom, for what, I know not; I 
invoke Him who is to come and give 
the answer to this prophetic longing 
of my soul. Without this hope, I would 
not remain a day longer In this 

"You are ill, my friend," answered 
Quadratus, kindly; "you have caught 
the malady of the age. By Hercules! I 
owe a grudge to the dreamers who have 
spoiled so many of my best compan- 
ions. If I could get hold of your Plato, 
I would have him thrashed by Muren.i 
here. Would I not, Murena?" 

"Yes. my lord," answered the slave, looking at the 
officer with a stupid laugh. 

"And what may this new-fangled fantasy be, which 
you call the intinite. It has not even a name in our 
Roman tongue," resumed Quadratus. "What proves 
to you that man needs any better world than this?" 

"You are really satisfied, then, with the good things 
which you can find in this world? Can you seriously 
mean that? Just think, old age will soon be here; 
infirmities and the evening of life are. coming on, and 
then what pleasures remain to you? The remem- 
brance of a few joys bought mos"-- at the price of 
the sufferings of others; the feeling of an immense 
void in life; then deatn, and after that, nothing! Is 
this really to be the end cf all things, that bright in- 
tellect, that loving heart whose goodness I have so 
often proved? I cannot believe it, Quadratus, I can- 
not believe that this wretched dream of a day holds 
the secret of man s destiny. I believe in a better so- 
lution of the problem; I believe that the human race 
will not continue forever in this darkness, should it 
be even neeaiul for a God Himself to come to earth, 
and bring us the treasure of truth." 

Quadratus burst into a loud laugh. 

"Come, that Is something like a solution! and the 
only thing that remains to be done is to break the 
bond of Prometheus, and to let him bring back the 
sacred fire among us!" 

"Do not be' so ready to laugh at the old fables of 
the philosophers," replied Octavius; "that one of 
the Prometheus always touched me." 

"How green he is!" cried the epicurean; "all the 
same, it's a fine thing to be so young when all the 
world is so old!" 

"You chink the world so old, do you? I think It is 
very young; in fact, I believe it is only emerging 
from Its infancy. I think it is on the eve of a moral 
awakening of both conscience and heart, when It will 
arise and go forth to its august destiny, guided by a 
bavior whose power shall be — like His love — in- 
i.: He." 

"And you believe in that riavior?" 

"I believe in Him." 

"And you await His cmlng?" 

"I await it." 

"You are more seriously ill than I thought, Octa- 
vius," said Quadratus, gravely. 

At this moment, the little caravan left the narrow 
pass which runs at the foot of Mt. Zion, and, leaving 
the valley of Cedron, crossed the broad hilltops, from 
the heights of which the eye embraced a majestic 
view. To the north lay Jerusalem, reddening in the 
last rays of the sun; to the west rose the mountains 
of Judea; to the east, beyond the Dead Sea, the moun- 
tains of Arabia. 

Quadratus turned to the escort, and ordered them 
to hurry on to Bethlehem, ai.u see that fitting prepar- 
ations were made for the arrival of himself and his 

The leader has no dou'ot guessed the mission on 
which they are bound. Augustus had Issued orders 
for a general census of the empire, and the inhab- 
itants of Palestine had been convoked for the census, 
to the principal cities our two officers had been sent 
from Jerusalem, to see that the commands of Caesar 
a n duly carried out. They were to arrive in Beth- 

Page 4 


December, 1903. 


on the to 

iors of 


Ron nd hi 

to count up tli 

:,...., oo bad, and l 

•e ji t year o 


[us, mentally fallowing 

Hi- tn 

lamen tat lo be E I 

... : . . o 1 b ed, the 

lot the j ng sun bout to 

: flo ... i teriou life. Mystic 

land, i '"'" solitude, 

,,. ; . , man thi tumultuous glory of the ''..pilar." 

•■v.- ii -i" ii"! .'ii-v.'.-i me," obst rved Quadi : i ■ 

"Whal did you say?" said Octavlus, absentlj 

■i gaJd ii,., i .-.. were entering the field of Rama,' 
, e P ii( ,i Quadratus, visibly piqued. 

The caravan had Indeed Just arrived at the mem- 
„,,,i.,]i. ii.-i.i, where Rachel had wept for her children, 
refusing to be comforted because they were not. Night 
had spretfd her veil over the solitude of Rama, and 
the 'i-M. la i'- plain looked more solemn than usual, 
.,:-' ii,, Romans code past the tomb of Baehel. The 
Jews of their escort were hurrying toward it, in 
order to press their lips to the sacred monument, 
.when Quadratus called them back in a loud stem 

["Let no one leave the ranks!" he cried, Imperi- 
>isly; the first who does so, shall De put in irons 
oi tli.- night." 

An old Jew muttered beneath his teeth some in- 
articulate words that might have been a curse. 

"These Jews are a race of superstitious fools," said 
Quadratus. "Last week only I was obliged to estab- 
lish order amongst them in the Temple, where they 
were, kicking and struggling with their sheep arid 
their- oxen; can anyone conceive anything more ab- 
surd than the idea that one pleases the gods by 
slaughtering and burning animals on their altars?" 

"T do not not agree with you," replied Octavius, 

"Ah! then I give it up," said Quadratus. Presently, 
as If anxious to atone for the impatient, exclamation, 
he said, good-humoredly: "How are we to set about 
our business in Bethlehem to-morrow? Apropos, 
what does Bethlehem mean? With the Jews, every 
name has a legend, and it amuses me sometimes to get 
them explained to me." Turning toward the escort, 
"Aram! come here; follow me," he cried; "tell us 
what the name of Bethlehem means. Prepare for 
some outrageous story," he whispered to Octavlus. 

The Jew "left the ranks, and with bent form ad- 
vanced to the side of Quadratus' horse, whose bridle 
he seized, not so much to lead the animal as to 
steady his tottering steps. 

"Bethlehem means house of bread, my lord," he 
said; "the nam-- is symbolical; our rabbis tell us that 
it signifies that one day Bethlehem will feed all the 
nations of the earth." 

"Excellent! these beggars are astonishing with 
their pretensions of saving the world. Go on, old 

"Bethlehem Is also called Ephrata, which means 
the fruitful." 

"I will wager," said Quadratus, "that she is called 
Ephrata, because she is to be the richest and most 
beneficent city in the universe, and is to pour' forth 
her treasures to the very ends of the world?" 

"It is even so, my lord," answered the Jew, gravely. 

"Bv Hercules, behold me a rabbi!" 

"Bethlehem." resumed the old Jew, "belongs 1 to the 
tribe of Juda, and the ancients of the people call it 
the city of David." 

"David, David." said Quadratus; "he was one of 
your kings, was he not?" 

"He was. my lord." 

"And this King David was born in Bethlehem?" 

"Yes. my lord. Our rabbis see in the fact a sign 
that the true David will be born in Bethlehem, that 
is to say the King of the world, to whom all nations 
have been promised as an inheritance." 

"Do you hear this, Octavlus? They are amazing. 
these beggars. Speak low. old man! If Caesar were 
to hear you, he might be jealous of this King of 


Bethlehem. Go on," said Quadratus, laughing heart- 
ily; "and David, what was he doing in Bethlehem?" 
"Before becoming the annointed of the Lord he kept 
docks." replied the Jew; "this is typical, our rabbis 
say, of the great Shepherd who will unite men in one 
fold, and lead them from the desert of this world to 
the everlasting pastures." 



And il - am.? -to pass that after three days they found him in the temple, sittingir. Hie midst of the doctors, 
and answer-Luke ?i 46 « (U*bIIIoiwJ And .ill that heard hl.m were astonished at his understanding 

"Better and better!" cried Quadratus. "The King 
of Bethlehem is also to be King of Olympus! A little 
while ago he was dethroning Caesar; now let Ju- 
piter look to his thunder!" 

"Amen, it is so," continued Aram. "Other great 
men were born in this village: Ablthan. Obed, Jesse, 
Booz. It was in these fields' through which you have 
now passed, my lord, that Ruth gleaned the wheat 
left by the reapers. Our rabbis say that the harvest 
was the symbol of the life to come, in which all 
souls, to tlie very last, will be gathered together and 
appear before the face of Jehovah." 

"Shall T be there with the rest?" asked Quadratus. 

"Yes, my lord." answered Aram, solemnly. 

Quadratus was highly diverted. 

"And when is He to make His appearance, this 
David, this universal King, this Savior of the world? 
When will He be born in His palace of Bethlehem?" 

"According to the calculation of the weeks of Dan- 
iel. His coming is near at hand." 

"Near at hand! So much the better. I should be 
very glad to — Octavius, what is that moving in front 
of us. a little way ahead?" 

"I see a man and a woman walking slowly; we will 
soon be up with them." 

"How say you, Aram?" said Quadratus. in the same 
mocking tone: "suppose it were thv Messiah coming 
to take possession of His throne at Bethlehem?" 

Old Aram started, stopped short and flashing at 
the Roman officer a look in which the ardor of the 
believer was mingled with the passion of the patriot. 
"Perhaps?" he murmured, and fled. 

"You shall be crucified when we catch you!" 
shrieked the officer, but when the soldiers were about 
to pursue the runaway, he bade them be still, adding, 
contemptuously, that the old slave was an idiot, not 
worth his salt. 

"Perhaps?" repeated Octavius, echoing the mys- 
terious word of the Jew, and a strange trouble set 
the heart of the young man beating, and made his 
pulses throb. "Perhaps?" 

The road was steep and narrow, and a few more 
steps brought the horses up with the wayfarers whom 
they had noticed a moment before. 

"Old man," cried Quadratus, "who are you, and 
whither are you bound"" 

The old man lunini fovftrds imn. showing a coun- 
tenance full of majestic sweetness; he bowed with 

December, 1903. 



in Hebrew. Quadra' 
it »nd. 
He tells me lhat his name is J< 


:.u^.J Quad- 

' what may 

ii ■ rei Sebre* 

Miry." said Oc- 
o Quad i "i she la In | In 
"Slier i Ing an indignant 

ii him. 

"Hut: man felt hfa heart strangely stirred 
within him! an emotion vhlch he could not explain 

thrilled hi* soul and wordB rose to his lips, which 
tome mysterious foi.-e compelled him- to- -utter. He 
ben I Prom his saddle toward the woman, who tolled 
on wearily, and speaking In low, reverent tone. "O 
Mi. ,11 who are called Mary; whomsoever thou art I 
kmiu not; but an Imperious instinct compels me to 
.ink thee the secret of thy destiny! Daughter of the 
Jews, I have read the writings of thy prophets; they 
havi troubled »"V spirit without satisfying it. If 
Hi. mi hast the secret .>f life which can put my soul 
at rest, In the name of Jehovah, speak!" 

'I'll.- maiden turned toward him. and lifted her 
ii Mi. .in. moment B cloud parted, and the 
evening tat threw Us radiance upon her face. Who 
Bhall Nil of Hi' beauty "t that vision? The virgin's 
brow was. pale and Illuminated by a seraphic light; 
she did not rajrje hei 'ryes, but In a voice low, clear 
mil sweel '.'.uii dfvinesl music, she answered: 

"Blessed are the pure of heart, for they shall see 

The veil dropped, and the vision was gone, and 
from Hi' beautiful bills which surrounded Bethlehem 
was heard an angelic voice: "My soul doth magnify 
Lhe Lord, For He hath reearded the low estate of 
ills handmaiden; for, hehqld, from henceforth all 
generations shall call Me blessed." 

When Qctavlua awoke from the dream Into which 
In v.. ice and the words had thrown him, he was in 
a room at the inn. his arms lay on the ground beside 
him, guarded by a sleeping slave. A lamp, suspended 
from the ceillnK by a long chain, cast a weird and 
flickering light around. He sat down before a scroll 
"i Virgil, the poet who so mysteriously foreshadows 
the birth of the Messiah and has furnished endless 
Controversy! to the schools. Octavlus read, with' 
-wlmming eyes, the poem which, to his troubled heart, 
now sounded like the inspired utterances of a Sybil. 

A solemn stillness marked the midnight hour; 

And strangers old In years, true shepherds still — 
Watched n>r their countless flocks afar; whose dower 

A range embracing every vale and hill. 

Bach increase lo their flock they note with care; 

And none succumb unknown to Time's rude hand; 
Nor wayward Arab from its fold can "ere 

The watchful eyes escape that small band. 

Yet still! amidst their flock there did appear, 
A scintillating; stranger, from whose rays 

Come forth a heavenly voice whose words of cheer, 
Did BOOthe the Magi In their deep amaze. 

Glad tidings of ureal. Joy to you I bring; 

Was carolled forth by heavenly hosts unseen; 
For unto you is born this day a king! 

Born to the world of pure but lowly Queen: 

A King, uncrowned by earthly diadem; 

A King encrowned by heaven's bright hallowed 
A King without a throne at Bethlehem; 

A King unknown! He in a manger lays. 

So onward come! He is the kingly light; 

That unto grief a lasting peace will bring; 
Though narrow be the road; the way is oright; 

Aye! bright the road; it leadeth to the King. 

This departure from Jerusalem, the bantering 
taunts of Quadratus, his own mysterious doubts and 
yearnings, the voices that called to him from the sol- 
itude of Palestine, his dreams, his hopes, seemed so 

When Jesus therefore saw his mother, an 
Woman, behold thy son! — John xix. 26 

strangely quickened by the interpretations of the old 
Jew — by that "perhaps," spoken in such a mingled 
tone of irony and exhaltation — then the meeting with 
those two solitary wayfarers, the woman statelier than 
a goddess, despite her lowly garb, and radiant with 
unearthly purity — the name of Mary, which sounded 


the disciple standing by whom he loved, he salth unto his mothe 




so mysteriously sweet — the supernatural light on her 
angelic countenance, the tones of her voice, so child- 
like and so strong, and solemn as an echo of eternity; 
the rapturous Joy, to which they stirred his soul 
after years of skepticism and unrest; the vague sense 
of destiny fulfilled, and a sudden passionate desire 
for death; all these influences rushed with overmas- 
tering power on the young Roman, and, leaning on the 
table, he dropped his head into his hands, and re- 
mained lost in thought. Suddenly he started up, and 
stood listening; he stepped toward the terrace which 
commanded the surrounding country. The sky was 
flooded with light; the midnight silence was broken 
by sounds of unearthly melody that seemed to waft 
townrds him words sweeter still — Pax hominibus 
bonae voluntatis! 

The strong man trembled like a woman; was he 
the sport of an overwrought fancy? Had he gone 
mad. He could not tell. He did not ask. He felt 
that a change had come over him: that some unseen 
stroke had casl his soul asunder as the thunderbolt 
cleaves the rocfc where it falls. His faculties were 
new-born; his whole being was renovated. He no 
more doubted the reality of this transformation than 
he doubt--. I the miraculous light that Hooded the mid- 
night heavens, or the divine truth "i" (he message 
which had been delivered to him on the roadside 
when the virgin turned upon him that celestial gaze 
which had penetrated his Inmost soul. 

Octavius turned slowly from his terrace and re- 
turned to his room. He was a new man; his doubts 
Were al rest; the long-sought treasure was found; 
he believed in God and the Savior whose coming 
was to redeem the world. The peace which was 
brought i" him by the angelic heralds who announced 
It to all men of good will, that first Christmas eve, 
dwelt with him torevermore. Guided by the yearning 
of his soul, he made his way before many days to 
the cave where the King of Bethlehem lay enthroned 
In the manger, he worshipped Him, and heard once 
more the voice of the Virgin Mother which had stirred 
his soul to its first act of living faith. It was said 
that he received lhe order to command the massacre 
of the Innocents, and refusing to obey It, died. The 
roll of Papyrus upon which he had been wont to 
record the Incidents of his gay and brilliant life 
showed that the last page had been written on the 
evening of his entry Into Bethlehem. He had traced 
on It these words In Hebrew' "Blessed are the pure 
of heart, for they shall see Cod." and beneath them 
was written the name. Mary! 

Page 6 


Decern! er, 1903. 

American Women Who Have Married European Titles 



I uld 




Engleti heff. 

tfcbai • howskl. 
i 'i in..- ; Bran cclo 
i lounti .' a de Foi •■ l i 

l'i In. .-■.". i '..loin, i 

Prim " • Ponl ov kl 
Countess . E 
i hi, hesB ..i :-;i . -( loburg, 
Countess von , 
Countess Belle Zi 
Marlchloi — oi i lufferln 
i mi, hess "i Ro: i, in g 
Lady Curzon. 
Lady William Beresford. 
i '1111111.' Lereft Id- Kaepping. 
Baroness ^'< »ii EToi I 
Countess of Tankervllle. 

Twenty years ago it was a novelty for an Amer- 
Ican girl i*> marry a nobleman, but to-day such an 
occurrence awakens little Interest. 

It Is not to be wondered at that these international 
marriages are so numerous, for -when one considers 
i iii i many ol oui American girls are now educated 
abroad. It seems but natural that they should marry 
men in whose society they have been so much more 
than in that of their own countrymen. 

Must of the women who marry noblemen have 
wealth .mil beauty, which augmented by the gifts of 
ran brilliancy and int. -Meet, make up a combination 
SO tempting that the scions of noble houses ran but 
feel proud to exehancre their titles for so much that 
Is charming and lovely. 

Contrary to general report, most of these Inter- 
national marriap.-s ire love-matches, at least on 
the part of the American girls, for European noble- 
man have such courtliness of bearing, such grace of 
address, ami show such defferential manner toward 
women, that they become at once ideals of romantic 
personality In the eyes of democratic American 
maidens, who are generally in love when they walk 
tn i he altar to receive their coronets. 

There is, without question, a wonderful glamour 
about all that belongs to a title. It means power 
•mil position and admiration, and ever since the world 
began these have been nmong the things most eager- 
ly snught. most ardently longed for: why. then, should 
sum,- put to scorn the delight of the American girl 
In her title, an.l all thnt it carries with it? For. 
surely, none is better fitted to adorn a coronet than 

ounirywoman. with her beauty 

e for- 
got an uncouth people than 

-.1 by 


Inental noblemen, yet withou,! Qg the 

(nee Flora Davis.) 


Anglo-American noblewomen, there is a brilliant 
array of transplanted Americans who belong to the 
continent of Europe. 

There are more American noblewomen bearing 
French titles than any other, which can be accounted 
for by the fact that so many of our American girls 
are sent to France to be educated, or go there to 
visit in the American colony of Paris. They are 
frankly sought by the French noblemen, who are not 
always attracted by the large dot, but by the famous 
charm of the American girls themselves. They are 
sure to be entertained, and that is what Frenchmen 
want most. 

It has been rumored that American wives of French 
noblemen are not received into the families of the 
Faubourg St. Germain, although their marriage en- 
titles them to such an entree, but this is false, for the 
refined, gentle Americans are welcomed most cor- 
dially, and they bring new life and new ideas into 
the rather routine lives of these aristocratic homes, 
and they are treated exactly as if they had been born 
to the nobility. 

The Countess d'Aramon was Miss Mary Fisher, 
the daughter of the late J. Fisher. Esq., of New 
York, and she was married In the late seventies to 
Count James d'Aramon, formerly an officer of the 
French army. The Count and Countess live in the 
rue Gililee in Paris, and are prominent in the society 
of the most exclusive nobility. The Countess is a 
very graceful and beautiful woman, and is famous for 
her rare taste in dress and her charm as a hostess. 
The Countess de la Forest-Divonne was before her 
marriage Miss Florence Oudenried, a beauty and 
belle in Washington society, but since her marriage 
she has lived abroad, where she is a brilliant figure. 
The Countess Arthur de Gabi ac is one of the 
youngest and most beautiful of the American coun- 
tesses of France. She was married in Paris in Octo- 
ber. 1897, and embraced the Roman Catholic faith 
just prior to her marriage, receiving the Pope's 
blessing at the altar. 

The Countess de Gabriac was Miss Fanny Fithian, 
the daughter of Judge J. Adams Fithian, of Santa 
Barbara, California, and the granddaughter of Mr. 
Richard Conolly, the City Comptroller of New Tork, 
and a member of the famous Tweed ring. She was 
born and educated in Paris, and all her tastes and 
manners are French; in fact, she speaks English with 
a decided accent. 

This is not the first marriage to an American in 
the de Gabriac family, for the grandmother of the 
present Count is an American, formerly Miss Flor- 
ence Phalen. of New Tork. 

The Countess Boniface de Castellane is perhaps 
better known to the public than others who have 
made as brilliant marriages, as the vast fortune 
which she took with her to France caused her mar- 
riage to be much commented upon in both French 
and American journals. 

The Countess was Miss Anna Gould, the daughter 
of the late Jay Gould, and she was married in New 
York at her brother's house on Fifth avenue in 1894. 
She went directly to Paris, and has never revisited 
her native land. 

Her marriage has been a very happy one. and she 
has two handsome young sons, to whom she and the 
Count are devoted. 

The Count Is a deputy from Castellane. and has a 
seat In the Chamber of Deputies. He Is a strikingly 


It is 

many millions 

on bo ■■lit. m v hi.'ii they 

mid was Miss ;.. 

of Sen 

Ie ta Rouohefom auld on the Rivli 

all hough the tv. , 

i n a love-matcb, as Miss 

Mitchell no fortune whal vei to offer as a dot. 

The Rouchefoucauld i tmllj Is one of the oldest 

and i be Americ in i >u< he a 

ornament to tin- socletj "i the J'aubourg St. 

■ iermain, to n hlch she b li 

The Marchioness de Valori n my Ledoux, 

the daughter of J. Ledoux, Esq.. of New Orlean 
family being one of the proudi si of Fri nch Huguenot 
descent in this country. Miss Ledoua was married 
in the late eighties to the Marquis, who was formerly 
an officer in the French army, 

The Baroness Leon de Brin was Miss Anita Le- 
doux, of New Orleans, ami a sister of the -Marchioness 
ilorl. She was married in 1886, at Paris, and 
her husband is in the French diplomatic rervice. 

The Baroness has a beautiful country seat, Cha- 
teau de Beau Soliel, Loire Inferieure. 

The Countess de Pourtales was Miss Florence 
Droulllard, of Nashville, Tennessee, and she divides 
her time between Paris, the French watering- pi 

fashvllle. The Count de Pourtales has lived 
nearly all his life in the United States, and for this 
the marriage does not seem at all like an 
International match. 

The Countess de Diesbach de Belleroche was Miss 
Meta McCall, daughter of the late John McCall, Esq., 
of Philadelphia. She was married in September. 
1871, at Geneva, to Count Alphonse de Diesbach de 
Belleroche. a member of the French diplomatic ser- 
i li e, 

'Ihe count and Countess divide their time between 
Nice, where they have a beuutlful residence befitting 
their rank, and Paris. 
Of the German-American noblewomen, one of the 
prominent is the Countess Paul von Hatzfeldt- 
Wildenburg. She was Miss Helen Moulton, the 
daughter of Charles Frederick Moulton, Esq. 

She was married in Paris in 1863. to the Count 
von Hatzfeldt. who is and has been for manv years 
the German Ambassador to the Court of St." James. 
The Count and Countess were divorced in 1874, but 
were reconciled and remarried at Baden-Baden in 
1SS9. They have three children, the Countess Helen, 
Count Paul and the Countess Marie. 

The cousin of Count von Hat/.felrlt. Prince Hatz- 
feldt. married an American woman also — Miss Hunt- 
ington, the daughter of C. P. Huntington, Esq., of 
New York. 

(nee Edith Garner.) 

December, 1903 


Page 7 

(nee Lenora Van Marter.) 

The Countess Adolph von Brunlng Is the most re- 
cently married of all the German-American noble- 
women. The Countess was Mrs. Gordon Mackay. 
and was married In the early spring of last year at 
Washington. She was before her first marriage Miss 
Treat. The Count was a diplomat in the German 
service, and gave up his position in order to marry 
the beautiful American. The Count and Countess 
are now living In Berlin, where the beauty and charm 
of the accomplished American woman are greatly 

J* J* J* 

The Princess Salm-Salm has recently been visit- 
ing in America, after many years of absence. The 
Princess was an American girl. Miss Agnes Le- 
clerq Joy, and married Prince Felix Salm-Salm in 
the early sixties at Washington. She has traveled 
the wide world over, and has been received at many 
courts. Her life has been one of adventure and ro- 
mance, and her Influence has been very great wher- 
ever she has been. At the time of the American civil 
war the Princess was a hospital nurse, and after the 
war she went to Mexico with her husband and be- 
came the ardent champion of Maximilian, doing all 
in her power to save him. 

On May 14th of last year the princess presented 
the (lags and guidons of the Eighth and Sixty-eighth 
New York Volunteers to these regiments, which were 
commanded by Prince Salm-Salm during the war of 
the rebellion. The flag of the Eighth regiment was 
presented to that body by the German women of 
New York. The presentation speech was made at 
the City Hall by Mr. August Belmont, on May 14, 
1861, at which time Colonel Blenker was in com- 

The flag of the Sixty-eighth was the gift of the 
State of New York. 

The two flags and four guidons were taken to Ger- 
many by the Prince after the war. 

It was through the efforts of the Princess that her 
husband was commissioned Colonel of the Eighth 
regiment, and she alone recruited the entire regi- 
ment known as the Sixty-eighth New York Volun- 
teers. Both the regiments were composed mainly of 
German -Americans. 

J* J* Jt 

There have been many brilliant marriages of 
American girls with Russian noblemen, and these 
marriages have been notably happy ones. 

Among the most brilliant of recent Russian-Amer- 
ican marriages was that of the Prince Serge-Belos- 

(nee Edith Louise Wyman.) 

y-Belozersky and Miss Susie Whittler, of Boston 
daughter of General Charles A. Whittler. The mar- 
riage took place in 1894, and the Princess has never 
revisited her native land. 

The prince belongs to one of the old-Horse t.. th* 
. imir. who commands the arrm i, 
and about St. Petersburg. The Prince and Princess 
have a superb palace on an island belonging to the 
Belosselsky family, about two miles from th, 
of St. Petersburg. 

The Princess Engaletcheff was Miss Evelyn Part- 
ridge, of Chicago, famous as a belle and beauty in 
thru city. She was married to the Prince in 0( 
her M with her husband, who was , .. 

last, in Chicago, and since that time has resided In 
time one of the Imperial Guards at St. Petersburg 
The most of the Princess' life has been spent In Eur- 
ope, and she is well fitted by education and natural 
gifts to be the wife of a Russian prince. 
& * Jt 
The Baroness Barthold von Hoyningen-Huene of 
Russia was Miss Emily Lothrop. daughter of George 
V. Lothrop, Esq., former United States Minister at 
St Petersburg. She was married in 1888, at New 
> ork, and has since divided her time between the 
I nited States and Russia. 

The Baron Hoyningen-Huene is Captain of the 
Chevalier Guards of the Empress of Russia. 
r,T, b ? £°,Z nleBa Rechid Bey Czaykowski was Miss 
Edith Collins, of New York, the daughter of Clarence 
Lyman Collins, Esq.. and the great-granddaughter 
of Commodore Vanderbilt. For a number of years 
Miss Collins was the ward of Mr. Chauncey M De- 
pew and she inherited a large fortune from her 

The Count CzakowskI is the representative of the 
Turkish government at The Hague, and is of Polish 

One of the most beautiful American Princesses is 
the Princess Bancaccio, of Italy. She was Miss 
Elizabeth Hickson Field, of New York, the daughter 
of J. Hickson Field, Esq. She was married in Rome 
in 18(0. to Don Salvator Brancaccio, Duke of Lustra 
and Prince of Triggiano, Marquis of Brancaccio, and 
a Spanish grandee of the first class. The Princess 
is Lady-in-Wniting to Queen Margherita of Italv. 
, £. he u } le *> c Prince of Brancaccio was created in 
1391, and the residence of the noble pair Is the su- 
perb Brancaccio palace at Rome. 

The Countess di Forresta was Miss Skinner, of 
New York, and was married in that city to ' the 
Italian Count, who was then Charge d"Affaires for his 
government at Washington. He had been a prom- 
inent figure in society for a number of years at 
Washington and Bar Harbor, was afterwards trans- 
ferred to Madrid, and is now the Italian representa- 
tive at Munich. The Count and Countess have one 
son, to whom Dr. William A. Dunn, of Boston is 
godfather, the doctor having been best man to the 
Count at his wedding. 

The Princess Colonna's marriage, although a bril- 
liant one, was, as all the world knows, a most un- 
happy one. She was Miss Eva Julia Bryant, the 
daughter of Mrs. John W. Mackay, her first husband 
being Dr. Bryant. 

The marriage took place in February, 1885, at 
Paris, with much pomp and ceremony, and for a 
while it seemed a most happy marriage, but the 
Prince and Princess are separated. 

The Prince is a member of one of the proudest and 
oldest houses in Italy. He has many titles: Prince 
of Galatro, Prince of Paligglano, Prince Colonna and 
Prince of Stigliano, a Spanish grandee of the first 
class, and an officer of the Italian cavalry. 

The Princess now lives with her mother, Mrs. John 
W. Mackay, and the two children divide their time 
between mother and father. 

ja j* jt 

The Princess Poniatowski was Miss Elizabeth 
Sperry, the daughter of one of the most prominent 
and wealthy men of Stockton, California. The Prince 
and Princess were married at Stockton and have 
since resided in San Francisco. The Princess has 
the full enjoyment of her title with all its honor? 
and accessories, yet she lives in her own country, 
among her own people. 

The Prince quickly adapted himself to American 
customs and manners, and is now established in an 
extensive mining business in San Francisco. He is 
an Italian, although his ancestors many generations 
ago were Poles, as his name plainly tells. 
J* J* Jt 
The Countess of Edla is the only American woman 
who ever married a king. Her husband, however, 
was not born to be king, but was made king-consort 
by his first wife, Donna Maria II da Gloria, Queen 
of Portugal. He was Prince Fernando of Saxe-Co- 
burg-Gotha, and received his title of king in 1837; 
he was regent during the minority of his son, from 
1853 to 1855. Don Fernando held in Portugal a po- 
sition similar to that held in England by his first 
cousin, Prince Albert, the husband of Queen Victoria. 
The Countess of Edla was Miss Elsie Hensler, of 
Carver street, Boston, and was born of humble par- 
ents, who little dreamed that in the future their 
daughter's name would be written in the royal red 
book of Europe as that of the honored wife of a 

Miss Hensler had a superb voice, which proved her 
fortune, and made one of the prettiest love stories 
of the century. By the kind efforts of friends she 
was sent to Europe to perfect her voice, and when 
she appeared In opera at Lisbon it was the opening 
night of the opera season, and the birthday of the 
King. All the royal family was present, and from 
the royal box the King saw and fell in love with the 
beautiful American singer, and made haste to honor 
her with an offer of his hand and heart. 

The marriage took place in the royal chapel, June 
10, 1869, and just previous to the wedding the King's 
brother, the Duke of Saxe-Coburg, conferred upon 
Miss Hensler the title of Countess of Edla of Saxe- 

The marriage was one of ideal happiness from 
first to last. The King was a man of the most re- 
fined tastes in art and music and literature, and his 
v. if- was a woman of rare accomplishments, whose 
tastes followed his closely. They lived in the su- 
perb palace, Pena Castle, surrounded by an immense 
estate which was cultivated under the supervision 
of Don Fernando himself. Many trees ami shrubs 
were Imported from Massachusetts, the native State 

(nee Daisy Letter.) 

"f Hi.- Countess, and this was done at the express 
wish of the King. 

The Countess might have been Queen of Spain, for 
in 1869 the crown of Spain was offered to Don Fer- 
nando by General Prim and General Serrano. But 
Don Fernando replied that he preferred his peaceful 
private life at Pena, and the Countess shrank from 
the duties of a queen. 

Don Fernando died in December, 1885, and since 
that time the widowed Countess has lived in retire- 
ment at Cintra. 

The Countess von Moltke-Huitfeldt was Miss 
Bonaparte, of Washington, the great-granddaughter 
of Prince Jerome Bonaparte, who was King of West- 
phalia. The Countess is, therefore, a great-grand- 
niece of the great Napoleon. She was married at 
Washington In December, 1886, and went directly 
abroad, where the Count is attached to the Danish 
embassy at Paris. 

The Countess Bela Zlchy was formerly Mrs. Fer- 
nando Zyanga, nee Miss Mabel Wright, and she 
was married to the Austro-Hungarian nobleman in 
New York after obtaining a divorce in South Dakota 
from Mr. Yzanga, the brother of the Duchess of 

J* j* j* 

Well, old New York has quite outdone Itself this 
lime In what shall we call It— toadyism? A certain 
young lady, Miss Goolet, bought herself a costly toy 
for a million dollars — a titled young husband — and 
the women public wanted to see if he was worth the 
price paid, so they tore and scratched each other' d 
dies.-: and face in their eagerness to get a view of 
the bride's dress and the husband's face. The police 
found themselves powerless to hold the mob In check, 
and the poor little bride was frightened nearly out 
of her wits. What a sermon could be preached on 
fashionable weddings in general, and this one in par- 

To counteract this wholesale title buying the hand- 
some young American must brush up, make himself 
so very attractive, so attentive, so kind, so entertain- 
ing, and, when he is married, become such a good 
husband, that the title "American" shall be worth 
more to any woman who wants a companion for life 
than any foreign title of Count or Duke in the world. 

(Mrs. Hammersley, of New York.) 

Page 8 


December. 1903. 

fa = 



Like- Topsy. they have "just giowed" that way 
i \> i since the great West became a cradle for new 
generations. And why have they "growed" into the 
lithe, radiant beauty that has become famous on two 
continents? The question may not be answered in 
a breath. 

The close observer will tell you that he can rec- 
ognize anions a dozen representative women — by 
which Is meant women who represent types of var- 
ious localities — the one who hails from this side of 
the Rockies. This astuteness on his part lo not a 
mere matter of guess work. The typical Western 
woman has characteristics that are unmistakable 
to eyes accustomed to them, and to the study of the 
most fascinating of subjects, woman's charm of face 
and figure. For the Western woman is a law unto 
herself: a being of distinct personality, yet a com- 
posite creature in whose fair person one may find a 
remarkable blending of charming attributes, the more 
attractive because of their combined strength. One 
cannot say of the Western woman who is beautiful — 
and when she is beautiful she is dangerously so — 
that she is a blonde, brunette, a demi-blonde. She 
may be any one of these three — or something else 
quite as effectually fitted for man's undoing. The 
result is the same. The coloring of eyes and hair, 
the tint of complexion, the cast of features, by none 
of these signs may the woman of the West be dis- 
covered In a crow-d of other women. Tet nine out 
of every ten men who know and study "types" will 
single her out unhesitatingly. 

Upon analysis of the subject, one can arrive at 
conclusions by a negative process. The Western 
beauty is discoverable more by what she Is not 
than what She la 

To proceed, then, along this line of reasoning. 
she is never pale as to coloring. She is never splr- 
ituelle as to physique; nor staid, nor prim, nor placid. 
nor diffident, nor bold, nor timid, nor reserved is she. 
And upon one unfailing sign may the observer stakr- 
his reputation as a guesser — her vivacity, which Is 
of a kind wholly Western, for, whatever else she may 
or may not be. this complex creature is never stupid. 

If intellectuality alone be an element of fascination, 
the spectacled maid of Boston town would prove a 
victorious rival over the woman of the West. But 
she doesn't, for the reason that there are various 
kinds of Intellectuality, and the one may be alluring 
where the other is not. The intellectuality of the 
Eastern girl is calm, deed, translucent as a lake on a 
summer's day. That of the Western girl is like a 
sparkling stream, shallow here in the sunlight, but 
yonder In the shadow circling unexpectedly into a 
restful pool which mirrors the fathomless depths of 
a clear, logical mind; a stream that leaps from wat- 
' if ill heights and dashes on its wild, free way Joy- 
ously, while the lake of the East lies motionless and 
Impressive, with never a ripple on its surface. 

And there you have it. You always know just 
where to find that dignified bit of Boston brains, 
but her Western prototype — ah, a merry dance sirs, 
will she lead you. 

The girl of the East does exactly what Is expected 

of her; the girl of the West delights in doing the 

Given these mental characteristics, it follows as 
the night the day that the woman of the West should 
have a temperament in keeping with them. And she 
has. She is Impulsive, level-headed, vivacious, warm- 
hearted, generous, independent. She loves the life 


in the open air which the climate makes possible. She 
finds health in the woods, and becomes a Diana arid 
athlete combined, losing, not one whit of her femin- 
inity in so doing That under such circumstances 
the daughters of the West should grow into beauty 
and grace is the most natural thing in the world. 

California, Oregon and Washington have types of 
womankind to be proud of. They are alike, yet dif- 

It would be absurd to say that all Western women 
are beautiful. The majority of them are entitled 
to praise for prettiness, and a sur| risingly large per- 
i entage of them are undeniably beautiful. But they 
are something more than this. The ideal Western 
woman is gifted with common sense. She frequently 
has genius as well. 

I can think of no one so thoroughly typical of this 
latter class as Blanche Bates, the clever actress who 
just now has New York at her feet. Miss Bates is 
beautiful, sensible, with rare mental endowment and 
irresistable charm, and a native daughter of the 
great, growing West. 

There is an advantage on this side of the conti- 
nent which women are sensible enough to avail them- 
selves of — that is to say, women in general, and which 
is made possible by the much-vaunted amiability of 
the climate on this Pacific Coast. 

This advantage which the Eastern women have not, 
is the opportunity to exercise in the open air every 
■ lay in the ye,ar. 

The gospel of pure air and muscular training as 
a combination for the betterment of health and the 
development of physical beauty, is as old as the Cal- 
ifornia hills or the Catskill mountains. But it is ,l 
truth that should be preached again and again, for 
those who practice it are splendid examples of Its 
beneficial effects. The California girl and her Ore- 
gon and Washington sisters are enthusiastic devotees 
of outdoor athletics. They ride and drive horses; 
they play golf, tennis, croquet; they row on lake, 
stream, and bay; they go yachting and swimming; 
they climb mountains and ride wheels; they hunt 
and fish, and at college they play basket ball. 

And why should not the consequences be evident 
In strong muscles and finely moulded figures? Yet 
meet these girls of ours In a ball-room, and the 
contour of delicately rounded arms and throats re- 
veal no trace of masculine ruggedness, nor does 
the firm white skin show so much as a hint of tan. 

That is because they have accustomed themselves 
from childhood to cast breezes and warm fogs, sum- 
mer and winter sun, and the dry air of the interior 
counties. They live and thrive on climate — with a 
hearty, unpoetic appetite for beefsteaks as well. 

There is but one alternative left to the Eastern 
giil who should also be beautiful. It is to come west 
and live in the open as many hours of the day, as 
many days of the year, as are possible. She may not 
grow up with the climate, as our girls happily have 
done, but she can grow into the serene and beautiful 
old age in which, according to the opinion of some, 
women are seen at their loveliest and best 

December, 1903 


Page 9 

Page 10 


Decern" er, 1903. 

We ba or! ed our claims, 
We h;i \ e speiil our gold, 

Our barks are asl rand on the bars; 
We are battered and old, 
Ye\ ;ii night we behold, 

Outcroppings of gold in the stars. 

When the rabbits play, 
Where the quail all day. 
Pipe on on the Ohaparal hill ; 

A tVw more days, 

And the last of US lays, 

Mis pick aside, and all is still. 

We are wreck and stray, 
Wo are east away, 

Poor battered old hulks and spars; 
Hut we hope and pray, 
On the Judgment Day, 

We shall strike it up in the stars. 

Though battered and old, 
Our hearts are bold, 

Yet oft do we repine ; 
For the days of old, 
For the days of gold, 

For the days of Forty Nine. 



"49" - 


We have worked our claims. We hare spent our gold, Our barks are a 

Whrnihe tab . bits play, Where tho quail all day, Pipe on on the 

We are wreck and stray, We are cist a way, Poor bat.tered old 

nlRhi we be. hold, Out cropping* or gold In the slare. 

lasf of u- lays, Hit pick a side aod all is still. 

Judce m,„| day, We shall strike it up in the stars. 

JOAQUIN MILLER— Poet of the Sierras. 

Forthedaya of old, For thedays of gold, For thedays of For- ty nine. 

fit PP 

For the days of old, For the days of gold, For tho days of 'For. ly nine. 

/7\ ril PP 

days of old, days of gold, For Ihedays of' 'For . ty nlno. 

''7S""">.i«. trill P 

December, 1903. 


Page 11 




The Emeralds ring of pastures green, 
The Diamonds ring .if glories seen, 
The Pearl rings teardrops of decay— 
Of Mission almost swept away. 

By faith she saw the " Land Mark's" birth. 



ELLS of the Hast, whose long- 
forgotten music 
Still the wide expanse, 
Tinging the sober twilight of the 
With color of romance. 


The Ruby rings a note of joy— 
4* She knew all earth hath some alloy; 
j^t And knowing well the Mission's worth, 




A IP Mi sv eet Mission beljs, 

What ; tale your soft voice tells, 

Of pious women's noble stand 
■ ago in tar-off land. 

Men gave the gold which they could spare, 
Then noble woman gave her share— 

rook on her brooches, rings, her gems— 

yes, melted up her diadems 

To give her part to carry light 
To heathen sunk in Godless night. 
Then listen to the sweet-toned bells, 
And learn the secrets that it tells. 

The gold and silver all can hear, 
It rings so rich, so loud and dear | 
But hark ! a tone lone that's richer fai 
Than tones of metal ever are. 

O noble ladies of Castile, 

Your pious offerings, earnest zeal, 

Shall live once more— your Missi ins gl\ e, 

And prove, indeed, your spirits live. 

Then ring^weet Carmel Mission bell, 
For to a list'ning world you tell 
That health and beauty here are free, 
In lovely Carmel-by-the Sea. 

—Mary Caa\eron Benjamin. 


SEI i is I the pasl that's : £. 

And voices hear that long, long 
since were still i 
And dusky facts that Old lime has 
Once more these hoary piles do 
throng .ind nil. 

This tent cii skies above me bends 
The old pasl halts to close its pon- £L 
\nd o'er its page of yet unwritten story 
The smiling future holds her pen and 

Waits till the silent alrawakes to lesten 
To glad Te Dennis from the tree-tops 


Borne on the swell of your long wave re- 

I touth the father past,— 
I see the dying glow of Spanish glory. 

The sunset dream and last ! 

Before me rise the dome-shaped Mission 
The White Presidio, 
The swart commander in his leathern jer- 
The priest in stole of snow. 

Once more 1 see Portola's cross uplifting 
Abbove the setting sun ; 

Whe-iein the morning sunshine gleam ^ 


And past the headland, northward slowly 
The freighted galleon. 

O solemn bells! whose consecrated masses 

Recall the faith of old — 
O tinkling bells! that lulled the twilight 

The spiritual fold ! 

Your voices break and falter in the dark- 
Break, falter, and are still ! 
And veiled and mystic, like the Host de- 
The sun sinks from-the hill. 

and glisten 
The Mission hrlis amid the oak 
boughs swung. 

reswing they still. the Mission wall 

Beneath tiled roof, in stately 
beauty stand ; 
Bells of ihe past ! whose music 
slowly drifted 
Above the altars of this heath- 
en land. 

'Twas then the clanging doors of 

Swung to, and wait- 
ing Progress seized 
the key, 
And dawned the morn- 
ing of Hope's glad 
Whose fulness lay in 
the bright Yet-to-be, 

O Mission walls! how 
sacred is your story I 
O blessed milestones 
on the weary way 
From the dark night of 
savage superstition 
To the full light that 
crowns our land to-day ! 

The past, enfolding with its deeds of valor, 

A Mecca for the pilgrim's weary feet, 
A shrine the story of the cross shall hallow, 

Where we with reverent voice the past may greet. 
—Mrs. Eliza A. Otis. 





Page 12 


December. 1903. 



fine day, a little b -fore the Na- 
tivity, i. I her grand- 
the meaning of 
I -in istmai 'I he old man took the 
little Kin on nia lap, and in a loving 
torn said: 

"The day draws nigh when the 
.;■- , i to appeal In Bis humanity 
before the eyes of men, whose only 
hope of redemption Is through Him. 
At this time, an edict went forth or- 
dalnlng that a census should be tak- 
en Of all the subjects of the Roman 
empire, In the execution of which 
the Jews were directed to have their 
names enrolled in their respective cit- 
ies. Joseph and Mary, being of the 
family of David, were obliged to go 
to Bethlehem, the city of David. They 
received this order as coming from 
God, the source- of all authority, and 
admire the wisdom of His Providence 
which brings all things to the execu- 
tion of His designs, and makes the 
census ordered by Augustus serve the 
purpose of fulfilling the prophecy of 
Mlcheas: 'And thou, Bethlehem Eph- 
rata, are a little one among the thous- 
ands of Judea; out of thee shall He 
come forth unto me that is to be 
the ruler in Israel.' 

"Let us contemplate them Journey- 
ing towards Judea. The aistance is 
great; they are poor; the season is 
Inclement; what have they not to suf- 
fer? But nothing can, for a moment, 
disturb the peace, the courage, the pa- 
tience, the resignation of their souls. 
Perfect imitators of God who is com- 
ing Into this world to toil and to suf- 
fer, they not only accept their trials 
without a murmur, but they regard 
them as favors, and from hearts sub- 
missive and fervent they offer up to 
Heaven only hymns of thanksgiving 
and praise. 

" 'How beautiful upon the moun- 
tains," exclaimed the prophet, 'are the 
feet of him that bringeth good tidings, 
and that preacheth peace.' 

"How much more beautiful are 
yours, O Holy Virgin, who brings us 
not only good tidings of salvation, but 
the Savior Himself — Him who alone 
can pacify all things, and shall take 
the title of 'Prince of Peace." O bless- 
ed woman, we lovingly kiss the traces 
of thy footsteps, while begging thee 
to remember us with thy Divine Son, 
so that he may truly be both our peace 
and our salvation. 

At length Mary and Joseph arrive 
at Bethlehem. They enter into that 
city of their illustrous ancestors, 
where, doubtless, many of their rela- 
tives and acquaintances still re- 
side. They, therefore, hope they 
will meet with hospitality, and 
be supplied with such necessaries 
as their fatigue and their destitute con- 
dition require. But, alas! they meet 
only refusals; all the doors at which 
they knock are closed against them — 
"there is no room in the inn." "O 
God!" exclaims St. Francis de Sales, 
in contemplating this picture, "what 
contempt does the woria exhibit to 
persons the most heavenly and holy." 
Mary and Joseph, not being able to 
find shelter in Bethlehem, repaired to 
a wretched cave which had been used 
as a stable, but whicn win be, Hence- 
forth, a consecrated spot infinitely 
more honorable than the tabernacle of 
Shiloh and the Temple of Solomon, 
for it is there He is to be given to the 
world in whom the Law and the 
Prophets terminate, and of whom the 
Temple and all symbolical religion 
were but the figures. The nignt had 
reached its middle course; a night 
dark and cold, typifying the night of 
ignorance, error and crime in which 
the human race was then plunged; but 
it was the long-looked-for hour in 
which the Sun of Justice was to ap- 
pear in the horizon. Mary ana Jos- 
eph are engaged In prayer, offering 
anew to God the desires of the Just, 
who had never ceased to sigh for the 
coming of the Redeemer. On a sudden 
a celestial brightness encompasses 
them, and the Incarnate Word, leaving 
the virginal womb, like a ray of light 
passing through pure crystal, pre- 
sents Himself as an infant before the 
eyes of His divine Mother and of His 
holy foster-father, Joseph. 

Oh, what a moment was that when 
the Savior-God appeared in this world 
— He whom all the angels in heaven 
adore, and before whom Joseph, prais- 
ing Him in the name of all men 
whom he represents, falls prostrate, 
and. as it were, annihilated! 

But who can conceive what passes, 
at this happy moment, in the soul of 
Mary! Queen of angels and Mother 
of men, in the name of heaven and 
earth she adores the God" who has 
made Himself her Son; and taking 
Him in her arms, she offers Him to the 
Eternal Father., and to the veneration 
of the angelic hosts. 

O help virgin! O woman blessed 
among all women, your hands are the 
sacred altar on which He who is the 
Victim of propitiation for the salva- 
tion of man offers Himself when enter- 
ing into the world. You pass to your 
maternal bosom, you cover with kiss- 
es, you bathe with tears of love the 
new Isaac, the Son of Promise in 
whom all nations are blessed. Ah: 
who would not be transported with 
Joy! "Mary." says St. Amadeus, 
"gazes upon the Word of Life with 
eyes sparkling with love; she warms 
with her breath Him who warms and 
inspires all; she supports Him who 
supports the universe, and in her 
arms He reposes who Is the eternal re- 
pose of the elect." 

"What do I behold!" exclaims St. 
Gregory Thaumaturgus; "a virgin cov- 

Adorable Emmanuel!'' What trans- 
ports of joy swell her bosom when 
contemplating in that humble crib 
— that abyss of humiliation — the Son of 
the -Most High, the Eternal Word, the 
splendor and substantial likeness ol 
the Father, become, through love for 
us. a suffering infant, on a bed of 

Yes, everything here is ineffable, 
and in and out utter Inability to por- 
tray it we can only repeat the words 
of a holy bishop; "O Bethlehem! O 
stable! O crib! O Infant Jesus! O 
wonder of wonders, who can ever com- 
prehend it? O Mary, what a night! 
what an hour for you was that in 
which you brought forth your God! My 
senses are confounded; at least, let 
my heart speak." 

Mary and Joseph adore, love, praise. 

light of faith, let us behold God. our 
Savior, in the Child given to us. Let 

us sec in Him the Strong One, the 
Wonderful One, the Powerful, the In- 
vincible, of whom the prophets have 
spoken, the Sovereign Lord of heaven 
and earth. Let us adore Him with 
fervor. Let us prostrate ourselves at 
the foot of His crib, and there conse- 
crate to Him our heart and body, all 
we have and all we are. Let us rejoice 
at His birth. "A child Is born to us." 
and that Child is the promised Mes- 
siah, is He who Is the redemption and 
Eve. He is come Into this valley of 
salvation of the unhappy children of 
tears to weep and to tuffer, but It is 
that He may dry our tears, and change 
our sorrow into joy. In Him we find 
hope and peace. "His coming among 
us," says St. Anselm. "by dispelling 

ered with swaddlinc-clothes Him who 
clothes every creature; she lays in a 
manger Him who is seated above the 
Cherubim." "O Mary," adds St. 
Bernard, "rejoice, for you hold in 
your arms Him who is the splendor 
of heaven. Wrap the Infant-God in 
poor swaddling-clothes; lay Him in 
a manger, upon straw; those poor 
swaddling-clothes are our riches and 
are more precious than tl ; most cost- 
ly purple; that crib is more glorious 
than the throne of the most powerful 

"O mystery most profound, most af- 
fecting, most sublime! What lan- 
guage can adequately express its 
greatness! What heart can rise, I will 
not say to the Infant Jesus, but to 
Mary, bending over the crib of the 

through the new-born Child the 
heavenly Father, with whom the In- 
carnate Word Is our only Mediator; it 
is the whole human family mat, in 
their persons praise God that the 
gates of heaven have again been open- 
ed by Him who came from God to re- 
deem the world. Oh, what are their 
transports of gratitude! In what holy 
accents do they thank the Eternal 
Father for the gift He iias nestowed 
upon the earth, being no other than 
God Himself! How ardently does Mary 
glorify and praise the Lord for having 
been "mindful of his mercy, and hav- 
ing fulfilled the promises made to Ab- 
raham and his posterity!" 

Let us unite with this Divine 
Mother in adoring, praising and sup- 
plicating the new-born Jesus. By the 

the darkness of death and sin which 
hung over the world, has been the 
coming of great joy to all the faith- 

Let us glorify Mary as the Mother 
of our Blessed Savior. Let us pay to 
her the homage of our veneration, es- 
pecially at that moment when we con- 
template her holding the Divine Infant 
in her arms, or adoring Him in the 
manger. Let us congratulate her in 
accents of the most fervent piety, ex- 
claiming with the Church: "O won- 
derful intercourse! The Creator of 
the human race, assuming a living 
body, has vouchsafed to be born of the 
Virgin. The root of Jesse has given 
forth its flower; the star of Jacob 
has risen; Mary has given birth to the 

Page 14 


December, 1903 



It .. iv a old, miserable 

mornli % F waa hur- 

ryiDg possible to get to 

their death Corln > : 

oui i o i music lei 

bod, but I- hi ' ortune her music 
roll Blipped frohl hei hand and fell 
Into the mud A handsome 

young rniin picked It up and handed It 
,,, hi : in doing jo he gland d at her 
... ,, , u u e and fell desperal I i 
love ftl ii- i sight, She thanked him 

From that time she saw the young 
in. in often, i"it always accidentally, a* 
Bhe thought Gradually they became 
bettei acquainted, first bowing, then 
speaking; und soon he accompanied 
her to her music lessons. 

Cora whs only sixteen, an innocent 
child. She was an orphan, and hao. 
come to that big but wicked Paris to 
finish her musical education. 

For the first time in her life she feit 
something In her soul when she met 
tin- young man which she could no'. 
understand, but soon found out that 
It was love, yes, "first love." 

-rii.- young man was only twenty, 
the son of the very rich and proud 
Marquis de Rieviere. but although a 
nobleman, he loved this beautiful poor 
Klrl with his whole heart, and wished 
t.i make her his dear little wife. He 
knew that his father would never con- 
senl to have him marry one so much 
beneath him. Inn his love was so ar- 
denl that he felt without Corine the 
world had no value. He proposed a 
secret marriage, and told her that as 
he was not of age his father would 
never give his consent, but as he was 
the only son, later on he hoped to get 
his father's forgiveness. 

So they were quietly married and 
lived in the clouuds of happiness and 
love, he always telling her he hoped 
that soon she would be known as the 
beautiful Marquise de Rieviere. 

But soon these rosy clouds of love 
and happiness turned to dark and 
glnomv ones for poor Corine. The old 
Marquis found out the secret of his 
son's love afalr, then questioned him, 
and the young man confessed every- 
thing. The proud aristocrat raised 
himself haughtily, saying: 

"The marriage is illegal, as you, my 
son, are not of age. At once the young 
Marquis was taken by two lackeys 
and put into a dark room of his castle 
until his embarkment, for his father 
had decided to send him on a long sea 
voyage in the hope that he would for- 
get his youthful love. 

Poor Corine! She waited days and 
days, but her husband did not retuii. 
She was crazed with grief and worry, 
not knowing what had happened to 
her beloved Emile. She could not 
stand it any longer, so she went to 
the palace of her husband's father, 
but the old Marquis received her with 
such freezing coolness and haughti- 
ness that she began to tremble. She 
threw herself at his feet, asking for 
her husband. , . , 

"Husband?" the Marquis exclaimed. 
"Who do you mean?" 

"O, Emile, my Emile,' she cried. 

"Hosv dare you call the Marquis de 
Rieviere your husband; he is not your 
husband, as his father's consent was 
not given. Go, go, and forget my son, 
and never seek him again." 

Gentle Corine was heartbroken at 
his cruel words, and staggered away 
to end her troubles in the dark river. 
but on the bank she paused, as she 
remembered that it was not only su- 
icide, but murder, and she had to 

Months passed 'before Emile re- 
turned from his long voyage. But as 
he was as much as ever in love with 
his wife, his father forbade him to see 
her again. 

He plead with pathetic eloquence <.*> 
l„- allowed to acknowledge her as his 
Marqulese. Rut the Marquis was in- 
exorable and denounced his marriage 
as illegal, saying: 

•You have no wife; that wretched 
girl, so much beneath you, shall never 
be called my daughter; she, with her 
low birth and poverty, would disgrace 
our proud name." 

Day after day the same scene was 
ena.ted. until poor Einil was weary cf 
life. Then his father introduced him 
to the beautiful Countesse de Char- 
treaux. Dinners were arranged, balls 
given, everything was planned to 
throw them together. At last Emil 
yielded to his father's command to 
marry the rich, young and beautiful 
Countesse de Ohartreaux. 

The wedding was celebrated with 
great pomp at the bride's handsomu 
palaee. Princes, and the cream of 
Parisian aristocracy were present. 

It was a bitter cold night Corine. 
with her baby in her arms, stopped 
at a brilliantly lighted mansion. They 
were cold and hungry and penniless, 






so she was obliged to beg; a lackey 
opened wide the front door, and a 
pretty young lady on the arm of a 
handsome young man came down the 
marble steps and walked toward the 
carriage. Corine held out her hanu 
to beg, but when the young man 
turned toward her. she screamed In a 
soffocated voice: "Emile! Emile!" 

"Oh! a poor woman with a baby; 
let us give her something!" said the 

Emile hesitated, but at this moment 
the figure of his father appeared at 
the steps. With a commanding mo- 
tion of his hand the Marquis told his 
son to go on with his bride to their 
wedding trip; he himself would at- 
tend to the poor woman. Emi,e 
dropped his head, took the arm of his 
young wife and entered the carriage. 
His father returned and accosted 
Corine, saying, with rage in his voice 
greater interest in her case and gave 
her all the attention and comforts tn«»i 
money could procure. 

For many weeks she lay between life 
and death, and when at last she 
opened her eyes in consciousness and 
in a low tone: 

"Corine, if you cross the path of my 
son again, I will have you sent to an 
insane asylum. Here is money. Keep 
out of my sight," and he threw a purse 
at her feet and quickly rushed away. 
Poor Corine left the purse where it 
fell and staggered away, with her baby 
crying piteously. She passed several 
" beautiful palaces, but in a few mo- 
ments she fell exhausted to the side- 
walk. Many people passed this poor 
woman, but not one reached out their 
hand to help her until a carriage 
stopped and an old gentleman alighted. 
Seeing the woman with her baby in 
her arms lying on the cold street ht 
gave orders to his servants to take 
mother and baby into his house. The 
housekeeper (unebome femme) had 
been thirty years in his service, and 
what her master did was always rigni 
in her eyes, so she fed the poor crea- 
ture and then put her in a warm bed 
in one of the beautiful rooms of the 
palace. But Corine was in high fever 
and was delirious. A doctor was 
called, who said she was very ill — in 
fact her life was in danger. The old 
fount himself came to see the poor 
beggar. As he entered the room he 
heard her call In her delirium hei 
traitor's name, and call upon God to 
avenge her wrongs. The count was 
astonished to see she had such a re- 
fined, beautiful face, so he took still 

saw her princely surroundings, shp 
thought it was all a beautiful dream. 
In a feeble voice she asked the nurse 
who constantly attended her where 
she was, and she replied: 

"At the palace of the Count de Lo;- 

Then poor Corine remembered every- 
thing and asked for dear baby. The 
nurse replied: "It is well taken care 
of in an adjoining room, so do not 
worry, but sleep." 

Little by little her health began to 
Improve, and she asked to see her 
benefactor. When she was able, she 
was I'-ad to his apartments, and then 
she saw a gentleman about 60 years 
old, with a kind but aristocratic face. 
She wanted to thank him. but tears 
suffocated her voice, and she wept 
bitterly. At last she controlled her- 
self and recounted the story of her 
life, and told that she was the wife of 
Marquis Emile de Rieviere. but the 
old Count corrected her, saying: 

"No! my child: according to the 
law of France you are not the legiti- 
mate wife of Emile, as the law for- 
bids a young aristocrat who Is under 
age to marry without the consent of 
his father." 

Poor Corine collapsed and cried, "O' 
I am accursed! My poor baby father- 

The Count looked at her beautiful, 
innocent face, and noticed her refined 
manners, and as he was a widower 
and alone, he felt that although al- 
most 60 years of age, his heart still 
beat warmly, and that he loved this 
lovely young mother, and would make 
•her his wife, and give the child a 

Corine, who learned to love the 
Count for his goodness to her, con- 
sented and they were quietly married 
and went on a long wedding journey. 

Twenty years have passed since 
Corine married the Count, and Na- 
thalie, her baby, has grown to be .. 
very beautiful young lady, supposed to 
be the daughter of the Count and 
Countess de Loraine. All Paris was 
raving over the beautiful Nathalie de 
Loraine, and young aristocrats were 
at her feet suing for her hand, but 
the most ardent admirer was the only 
son of the Marquis de Rieviere, Ar- 
mand de Rieviere. Althought a year 
younger than Nathalie he was madly 
in love, and told his father he should 
ask the Countess de Loraine for her 

daughter's hand In marriage. His 
father explained that he was too 
young to marry' yet bllt Armani 
would not listen, and said if Nathall 
could not be his wife he did not care 
to live 

To please bis only son, whom he 
adored, the Marquis called on the 
Countess. The lackey presented his 
card. Corine read, "Les Marquis de 
Rieviere." A trembling came over her 
whole body. She almost fainted, and 
said t" herself. "What does the I 
want." But soon she recovered from 
her emotion, and received the Mar- 
quis, but very haughtily. 

He did not recognize in this queen- 
ly woman the starving beggar. He 
explained his visit The Countess In 
a few words refused, saying thai her 
daughter could never be the wife of 
the Marquis de Rieviere. He begged 
for his son's sake, saying that the 
very life of his child depended on her, 
still she refused. 

The Marquis left the Countess dis- 
appointed and humiliated, for he had 
thought any mother would be proud 
to ally herself with his family. Ar- 
m.iii'i anxiously awaited his father, 
but seeng him enter with drooping 
head his heart sank, and when his 
father told him the Countess abso- 
lutely refused him her daughter's 
hand he turned pale and without a 
word retired to his apartments. 

From that day Armand began to 
droop and become melancholy; he 
soon showed signs of sleepless nights, 
and became thin and pale. The doctor 
was consulted, and he said Armani! 
was suffering with a broken heart, and 
nothing could be done for him. 

The Marquis in his desperation went 
once more to the Countess. He fell 
on his knees and begged her to give 
her consent, to save his only child 
from dying. 

"No, he is not your only child; you 
have a daughter," said the Countess. 

"You are mistaken," the Marquis re- 

"Come and look at me! Don't you 
remember the starving woman with 
a crying baby In her arms whom you 
deserted for a rich and noble bride. 

"Oh!" he cried. "Corine, beloved 
Corine. I did not desert you; I was 
taken away from you by force; my 
father sent me out on the wild ocean 
to forget you. Forgive, forgive me! 
I am not a traitor!" He kissed the 
hem of her dress, and hurried away, 
crying: "My poor son! he is lost!" 

Coming back to his home, he en- 
tered his own room. Going to his 
w riling desk he began his confession 
to his son, telling him that Nathalie 
was his own sister. When it was fin- 
ished he took his revolver in his hand, 
intending to end his life. At this mo- 
ment his son entered. He glanced at 
the writing, then at his father hold- 
ing the revolver. He begged for an 
explanation. His father handed him 
the confession. Armand read it v.ltn 
a trembling voice, then cried "Fath r!" 
and rushed from the room. Meeting 
his valet, he told him he was going 
hunting; to get the rifle and his dog, 
but he did not need h'm. So he left 
the house, ostensibly for that pleasure. 

The evening advanced, but Armand 
did not return. His father. In an 
agony of fear, sent his servants to 
search the woods, for he felt that 
something dreadful had happened to 
his son. 

At last at midnight a procession 
was seen in the ghostly moonlight, 
carrying something on a stretcher. It 
advanced to the castle. The Marquis 
met it at the gate, and found that his 
worst fears were realized. His loved 
son's body was on that stretcher. He 
had accidentally shot himself, they 
told the Marquis, but was still alive. 
He was carried to his room, and the 
Marquis knelt by his side, weeping 
bitterly. He cried — 

"My son! my son! Can you forgive 

But only a faint "Nathalie, Na- 
thalie!" came from Armand's lips: 
then with a sigh he turned his head 
away and expired. 

Paris was excited ovr the tragedy, 
for a double funeral procession came 
from the castle of the Marquis de 
Rieviere — father and son were both 
dead — the last of the proud name de 
Rieviere. The Countesse de Loraine, 
hearing of the terrible tragedy, foldeu 
her hands In prayer. "My God! for- 
give me. I was praying for revenge, 
and I am terribly answered," she 

Her daughter never knew the real 
cause of this tragedy, as she never was 
told the secret of her birth, and hei 
life was free from the sorrow that 
would have been hers had she known 
that the young Marquis Armand, who 
had so loved her. was her own 

December, 1903 


Page 15 

An Ink Eraser Belonging to Abraham Lincoln's Assassin 

Playing "Fanchion." 

Yes, that Ink eraser belonged to John Wilkes 
Booth, who assassinated the great and good Lincoln; 
he gave it to John McCullough, who presented it to 
me. That was years ago when we were all young, 
and life was full of the flush of youth and joy and 
ambition, when to attain was to work, work hard, 
yet there was pleasure in that work, as there ever 
Is if our hearts are In it, and an object is In view. 

Poor Booth— for was he not to be pitied as well 
as condemned?— was a genius. I saw him but once, 
and that was as "Rafael" in "The Marble Heart," a 
beautiful play, but never a financial success. It 
seems so strange that a play should De beautiful, 
Interesting, and finely presented, yet never a money 
drawer, only an "artistic" success, which really means 
a genteel "failure." Yet Wilkes Booth impersonated 
the hero so perfectly that you felt the thrills running 
up and down your back at his despair. 

He was a romantic gentle being, to whom real life 
was only another stage, but he did not dream that 
he would exact on that stage the most terrible trag- 
edy of the century. 

Many years ago at Louisville. Kentucky, after I 
had completed a "star" engagement there, the mana- 
ger asked me to continue for a few nights until Mr. 
Booth recovered, as he was "under the weather." 
Genius is ever eccentric, you know. That was be- 
fore the war, and dear Louisville treated those she 
liked to perfect avalanches of flow-ers, and so my bu- 
reau was like an altar. I shall never forget dear 
Louisville. Yes, John McCullough. too, was liked by 
nearly everybody; "Genial John." they called him. He 
was quite a pet of the great Edwin Forrest, and 
supported him in his San Francisco engagement, 
where the tickets for the first night were auctioned 
off. number 1 bringing several hundred dollars. 

Ah. those were fine days for the drama, when flow- 
ers, little silver bricks, gloves, etc., were thrown on 
the stage. Did ever I get a little brick? 

O. yes;, quite a large one, made from the tailings 
of some of the mines in the Comstock lode. It was 
thrown to me In -Virginia City, but If it had hit me, 
this, perhaps, would not have been written. 

And Harry Langdon, too. with his snow white 
locks. In those old days he was handsome Harry 
with his raven hair and flashing black eyes. 

Once I played "Albert" to his "William Tell." I 
had to shoot at a mark with bow and arrow. They 
were particular in those days about rehearsing with 
properties; so I did not see my implements until the 
moment for using them. I had a notion, I suppose 
I got it from reading about the ••boomerang," that 
an arrow was to be shot feather end first, and that it 
mysteriously turned around to hit the mark, so I 
was pulling with all my might at the string when 
"Tell" entered— he had a grand speech about his boy 
being such a One marksman, when he started aghast 
at seeing this "boy" trying to shoot an arrow point 
end backward; so he said in a loud whisper: 

•'Turn the arrow." 
"Eh?" I asked in surprise. 

"Turn the arrow the other way!" and his fine 
Speech was knocked into pi. 

But he wasn't angry, and only laughed at the 
green girl who knew so little about archery. 
J* .-* .* 

Once in Vicksburg. just before the war ended. I 
playing "'Juliet" during a "star" engagement, 
when the stage naught on fire. There is generally 
more of tragedy than com- 
edy In a theater fire, but 
this time it was really fun- 
ny, it happened this way: 
In the fifth act, "the re- 
ceptacle where for many 
hundred years, all the bones 
of my burled ancestors He 
packed," was a large box 
of an affair Just large 

Alice Kingsbury Cooley 

enough to hold "Juliet." It occupied R. C. of the stage, 
the rest was a moonlit garden, and we had a real 
moon, that Is to say a lighted candle in a box was 
placed close up to a round transparent orb, left in the 

Well, the property boy did not calculate how long 
it took for lovers to die in each other's arms, or had 
inn a penny dip instead of a large candle In the box, 
so when it burned down to the wood, it set the box 
on fire, and soon the scene was blazing up merrily. I 
was Just embracing the polson-strlcken Romeo, when 
I saw the fire and cried, "O look!" Romeo turned 
I quickly. Mr. Templeton — the father of the gay little 
, "Fay," also the proprietor of the theater, was playing 
the part — left his Juliet In a hurry and helped to beat 
out the fire. I stood my ground, and waited for him 
to lome back and die; I was determined the people 
should get their money's worth— tickets were one 
dollar each — and not go away disappointed. 

The "County Paris" was impersonated thai night 
by a well nourished young lady. Hearing the noise 
as She was supposed to be lying dead, dead. dead, 
thrust through the heart by the sword of the desper- 
ate Romeo, she opened her eyes, raised her head and 
saw the fire, with a loud "O — O!" and a shriek, she 
ran from the stage screaming. Then the "quaint 
apothecary", who, having finished his part had been 
to his dressing room, and partly disrobed, shuffled on 
in his slippers, shaking in every limb, not knowing 
how much of afire there was, advanced to the foot- 
lights and stuttered: 

"T-t-here is no-n-no danger, ladles and gentle- 

Now I had told them so before in a cool, dignified 
manner that had allayed their fears, so they only 
laughed at him. But soon the fire was out, and the 
burnt scene drawn off, showing the unique row o* 
paint spots on the rear wall. It was a small theater 
and the painting was done on the stage. "Romeo" 
returned to his Juliet's arms and died decorously and 
according to custom. But as I crawled, after stab- 
bing myself, to "kiss his lips lest haply some 
poison yet should hang on them." he said In a whis- 
per, "For heaven's sake, don't touch my face!" It 
had been shot full of powder by accident the night be- 
fore. I replied, 

"I won't," and kissed him satisfactorily behind the 
ear. . . 

Then the priest came on exclaiming, "Whose blood 
is this? Ah! the County Paris!" but no Paris was 
there, and no blood and the poor priest was in a 
quandary what to say or do, but the curtain soon 
came down amid the risibles of the audience, and so 
relieved him. 

J» Jt Jt 

Once at the Ellsler theater while I was still In my 
novitiate, I was assigned a serio-comic part, and 
rushing on the stage my heels slipped from under me, 
and I measured my little length flat upon the floor, 
to the intense delight of the audience. They enjoy 
getting more for their money than Is on the bill. I 
picked myself up quickly In a very surprised condi- 
tion, and joined In -ne good-natured laugh, but when 
I thought the dear people had smiled enough, I looked 
at them sternly, and I think they stopped. What 
made her run? 

"Well. If people walked all over you, perhaps, you 
would run, too," she replied, "and perhaps I would, 
but I am not quite certain. I went behind the scenes 
for sympathy, but they were all laughing; then I 
was mad, and said Mr. Ellsler was the only gentle- 
man among them, for he had looked sad and had 
asked me if I was hurt. 

"But he laughed worse than all of us;" one of the 
ladies cried, so I went to my dressing room pondering 
on the vanity of all things under the sun. 
J* JK Jt 
The great Forrest was not pleased with his recep- 
tion here, so, not being in the best of health, he went 
to the springs and left his leading man. the "Genial 
John" to support the little Cricket in her star engage- 

It was funnv" he told me afterwards, "to have 
a little woman like you order me about and tell me 
what to do." You see "stars" rehearse their own 
pieces, and the company obeys directions. 

John was a great favorite, and was often invited 
out to dinner — remember he was "Genial John." — Well 
one evening after a good time at the "Cliff," quite a 
resort In those days, John came on the stage as 
"Landry" in "Fanchion;" a chair stood In the middle 
of the stage, he made for that chair and clung to It 
during the whole scene. '.'Cricket" made all sorts of 
motions with her head and eyes, but no, he would 
not move, so you can imagine what became of the 

"It was my only salvation," he said when I scold- 
ed him about it. "The dinner was to blame." But he 
soon recovered himself and the play went fairly well. 
He used to tell a lot of anecdotes of Forrest, but as 
they have been in print before. I will only tell one, 
how no one dared approach the great man on the 
days In which he had to pay alimony to his divorced 
wife. Mrs. Sinclair. On those days he was like a 
wild bear, with all his kindness of heart frozen, and 


(From a Recent Photo.) 

his smiles turned to frowns, and so it was until his 
death, I suppose. Yet he left a monument to his 
goodness. "The Forrest Home," in Philadelphia for 
old actors and actresses. 

Mrs. Sinclair was a handsome, talented actress, 
but they could not get along together, for genius is 
sometimes too exacting and hard to please. It is too 
bad, as It prevents a race of superior genius coming 
into the world, as it should from the marriage of such 

JH # JC 

A man of genius needs a congenial companion, but 
he generally marries quite the reverse. Look at some 
of the old writers. Rosseau, for instance, his wife was 
a virago whom he feared, so was Zantippe. the help- 
mate of the great philosopher Socrates; she was such 
a scold that she has given her name to all tongue- 
lashing wives. 

A woman of genius also needs a suitable partner. 
Not one who constantly tells her that the kitchen and 
the wash tub and the raising of babies is woman's 
only sphere, and that poetry Is foolishness, and art 

It seems so queer that when the courting days, 
those happy times, that no one forgets are passing, 
that the characteristics and idiosyncrasies of each are 
not discovered by the other in time to prevent an un- 
fortunate marriage, if qualities exist that are detri- 
mental to peace and happiness. 

J* J* JX 

What a galaxy of genius the stars of those days 
represented. There was Forrest; the Booths; whose 
father was so great in Richard III and Macbeth. In 
both of which plays, he had a broadsword fight— that 
he forgot he was anything but the crook-backed 
tyrant, or the remorseful murderer, and pursued his 
adversary with such realism, that he fled out of the 
back door of the stage, and out into the street, with 
Booth at his heels, who chased him until he was 
tired or his senses returned. I don't know what the 
audience did during the wait. There were also the 
Wallacks, and the.gentle Davenport, one of the finest 
actors of those days. Adams, Southern, Murdock. 
Fechter, and a score of others. 

There was Julia Dean and Charlotte Cushman, 
Eliza Logan. Mrs. Waller, and the eccentric, but great 
Matilda Heron, and Maggie Mitchell, too. 

It was In Julia Dean's theater in Washington, 
during the performance of Our American Cousin thac 
Wilkes Booth fired the fatal shot through a hole that 
he had in the partition of the private box that lost this 
nation its best beloved President, then jumping on the 
stage he shouted "Sic semper tyrannus!" as If he was 
Still playing an imaginary hero. He thought to make 
a new nation, but he now lies in an unknown grave, 
unhonored and unsung. 

^9* ^* v* 

And "Genial John," ah. the misery of it. died in 
a madhouse, and they peddle his pretended ravings at 
five cents a listening. Only the two "Crickets" are 
left of that happy time, one in the East, and one In 
the far West, with ambition still great, ever striving 
to attain the unattainable, with love for her fellow- 
beings still strong in her 
heart, and all the joy and 
fascination of life still 
throbbing in her veins, lov- 
ing this beautiful world, 
mil thinking all good of all 
peoples — and thanking the 
good i Sod for her dear cnll- 
dren and all her cherished 

Page 16 


December, 1903 

Will the Earth be Destroyed in December as Prophesied 




■■ Inhabl 

i many of these n 

i m ho v.- 

.,.: o ■ 

■■■ 'i I U I 

it tlou on o toui 1 1 m 

!th iit~ 


i , 

i blotches 

Thli . [hough, i m.h.i. i be usi o 

ilarm, B p iodlcallj ha' 

theli ipp i nee upon Its [nc< 

i ; iiil.m fl 1611 tfimi- 

lai ■ poi i on thi tun. Th 
now . iccordlnf to tht i ilculatlom of 
i hose leai ni d one i, should i » - ■ ve been 
visible many monthi ago. 
Severe I theorli ho \ e been Uh anced 

lentlBl is to thel and ef- 

r-'i. But nothing 8eemH definite, all 
i h matter ol speculation. 

j* j* J* 

Professor Burckhalter ol thi Cha- 
bot Observatory; giving hi? views oil 
the subject recently, said: 

"For the past few days i h;ive ob- 
aerved these blotches and have watch- 
>'.i their course with interest. Of 
course the presence of these spots on 
the sun's surface Is nothing unusual, 
and In my opinion does not denote 
cause for any trouble in the form of 
storms on this earth. From present 
indications it is very probable that the 
spots will remain In evidence foi but 


u very short time. There are four 
principal spots, the first and third he- 
me the most prominent; but a clus- 
ter of Bmaller ones surrounds these. 

There Is a certain magnetic connec- 
tion between the spots on the sun ami 
the earth, but I do not think that any 
electrical disturbances here will re- 






Art Metal Work 







Announce the opening of their galleries, where the work of the best 

i, m V'T 'V c,aftsnie " may be found on exhibition and for sale. The 

stall .ox the best artists in the community will be here available. These 

irarxsmen will design and make special decorations and furnishings to order. 


One Hundred Dollars in Prizes 

u "' '"■ given each month for competlttvc designs 
to all artists and art craftsmen in California. 

The following well known artists are contrlbuti 

Win. Keith. 
X, Martinez, 
H. \v. Hansen. 
1-. P. Latimer, 
J. M. Gamble, 
Hem- Raschen. 
C. I !hapel .Tudson. 

U. P. Neilson, 

Sydney Yard. 

Maynard Dixon, 

-Miss Holden 

Mis:. Florence H. Butler. 

Miss Clara Rice. 

Mrs. C S. Pope. 

open unconditionally 

is to our galleries: 

Marrice del Mue. 
P. H. Meyer. 
W. i-:. Daasonville, 
Adelaide Hansecmbe. 
Gertrude Partington, 
Winifred Stateler, 
in. i others. 

A Special Exhibition and Sale of Japanese Art 

oor.'eiS 7 m D ^- ml *-''- »«*. for one week. Prints, kakemonos, surimonos. 
porcelains, brocades and carvings of ,,„... [nteresi and beauty will be on 

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Telephone West 358. 2203 Central Ave., SAN FRANCISCO 

suit. These spots appeal periodically 
and yet with some uncertainty and 

iccording to past performances the 
ones which we observe today should 
have made their appearance more than 

i yeai ago. The spots today are near 
ill.- western limb of the sun and will 
soon pass off the surface with a prob- 
ability of their reappearing." 

These temporary blemishes, then, 
on the face of our great luminary are 
nothing new and foretell no disaster 
io 'his earth of ours. 

J* J* Jt 

But now comes one Professor Ne- 
comb, who makes other most terrify- 
ing predictions. According to him. 
during our Christmas month of this 
year, some runaway star is going to 
burst into the sun, which will cause a 
fearful explosion and completely de- 

],,..:, .i in I ii. i i 

Should < iii— result follow, 

-. qu 
earth posed to a radiation 

i - i.i. n.-. 

burn know will 


o heal 

n and 

■ verj living being thai exists upon the 

ii. . M.-ini .; from radls tlon, 
-mi will nol be Bhln 

I hi | 

will i" ■■ [sited bj such a lioo 

.ni., i- fat rdly be dll 

fi renl From the 1 1 orld." 

j« .« .** 
Also then n is a man Ii 
few yi 

sor." Wiggins, ■■■ io jlm- 

ii.u r.ii.isi i ophi , that l o his 

thi orj i w ts to happ n rmi 

sphere. 1 [< also ftxi rl i d 
through some extraordinary worl 
in thi- si.-i pry firms mi tit, nb wei to bi 
Bwepl out of existence 
a woman revlvaliai In i laklan i 
up his published Idea i 
.'. iin n lid enthusiasm on thi subject 
c if course uhe bad follow ■ i -, and woi i> - 
Ing upon their feelings to Bucfi an ex 
tent, many abandoned their homes and 
io,,!,- refuge upon the hills, there to bi 
teady for the call to a highei exl 

But the appointed time passed and 
"our drear old earth" continued to re- 
volve upon Its axis iii the .sum.- reg- 
ular way that It had done for man} 
centuries, held there by the wonderful 
law of gravitation, which the great 
Sir Isaac Newton discovered when i" 
watched the apple fall from the trei 
down to the earth. Revolving It all in 
his mind he argued that some power or 
.lion drew ii downwards. As the 
earth was round that attraction must 
he in the center of the earth. So there 
lay the center of gravity. 

The problem of the universe was 
suddenly solved, a similar attraction 
of gravity drew and held the sun, and 
;<ll the heavenly bodies in their place. 
And these mysterious and destruc- 
tive bodies that they tell us are whirl- 
ing around through space, are no 

lick observatory at mount Hamilton. 

stroy this beautiful planet an I its In- 

We quote this gentleman's own 
words taken from an article published 
in a New York journal. H>- says: 

"We all know that from the begin- 
ning of recorded history stars sup- 
posed to be new have from time to 
time blazed out in the heavens. The 
scientific men know that these stars 
were really not new. They were sim- 
ply commonplace stars which through 
the action of some cause that no one 
has yet brought to light suddenly In- 
creased their heat and light thous- 
ands of times. 

We have also known that dark bodies 
many times larger than the earth are 
Hying through space like stars them- 
selves. Now my theory is that if one 
of these objects chances to strike a 
star It bursts through Its outer en- 
velope and sets free the enormous fire 
pent up within, which bursts forth In 
all their fury. 

Next December one of these ob- 
jects Is going to fall into our sun. Now 
r do not want to frighten you unnec- 
essarily, but I think we may as well 

doubt held and controlled bj the si 

wonderful but unfailing law of nature 

Truly has the poet said of this great 
.nan — 

"Nature and nature's laws' 
Lay hid In night. 

Till God said, 'let Newton live.' 
And all was light." 

And so we can set at dellance all the 
doleful predictions of these would-be 
prophets and trust in scientific truths 

JC Jt J* 

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December. 1903 


Page 17 



"1*1 nor, to the 

toughs "f i 

sslon ■ inn ch 

Luis Rev. now mat., 

old building und d bj 

■ rumblli 

i i. In Itf 

• mi the 
moned the 

Llo* bj ihe old mission of San 
LuJe Rey. In the gloomy solitude of u 
Slen, lived the "Hermit of the Valley." 
After visiting the mission ruin, I 
called at his hut. and with true Span- 
ish courtesy was invited to a seat on 
a rustic bench beneath the shade of u 
large willow tree. He was dressed In 
the costume of the past generation, 
and seemed to live in the past, i 
found him to be a man of gentle birth 
and good education, and It was with 
the keenest Interest that T listened to 
the story of his life. 

"My father," said he, "was Don 
Hernando Grljalva, a grandee of 
Spain, privileged to stand In the pres- 
ence of the King without removing hu 
hat. The King gave him all the lands 
of this valley, and he had hundreds of 
Indian slaves. I was his only son, and 
he named me Guerrlllero, that our 
family might be preserved for gener- 
ations. But this was not to be. I am 
the last of our race. 

"We have lived on our casa on that 
hill — you can see the walls; the house 
was burned by Indians, consuming all 
that was dear to me In life — my wife. 
Ermine, and our darling babe. 

"I must explain to you that gam- 
bling Is a ruling passion with the 


n ruined by their worth 

With us. i 
debt, and draw a drafi 
upon another To 

■'" hit I H" in . l dlahono 

ousln, Jose Alvarado, n > - n invei gamestei During the B 
the pueblo ol Lob Angeli 3 he lost all 
he had, and drew drafts upon my 
rather. One day Plo Coutts came to 
"in ranch with a Ubranza for one 
thousand head of cattle won from my 
cousin, which was honored. Soon an- 
other, and anothei libranza, until cat- 
tle, horses, ranch and all we had was 
taken by plo Coutts. He permitted 
UB in Ive In the rasa until we could 
find another, 

"One day a number of the rancheros, 
armed with lariats and lances, went 
oul to the Indian village t,i capture 
more slaves. You can see the mound 
where the village stood before thej 
burned it. They were peaceful In- 
dians, and as thev were not members 
<>, tin- church, we called them 'Gen- 
Ules." The Spaniard does not like to 
work, and he made the Indian his 
slav-. When more grain \\«s planted, 
or more herdsmen were needed, the 
suns nf the ranchero would go to the 
Indian village and capture more 
slaves. I knew It was wrong, but It 
was the custom. The Indians were 
caught with the lariat, as we lasso 
animals, and then flogged Into sub- 
mission. Jose Alvarado, my cousin, 
was the leader of the raid on the In- 
dian village. Many Indians were cap- 
tured, others were killed, and then thi- 
raiders burned the village. Those who 
escaped threatened to be revengeu. 
Not long afterwards, the valley wa.' 
alarmed one night with the yells of 
Indians, as they rode from ranch to 
ranch, burning houses, and killing ttn 
people as they ran out to escape the 
flames. Our ranch was plundered, anu 
mother, father, darling Ermine and 
our sweet babe, were all murdered. I 
used my lance to the best advantage, 
but fell insensible from wounds. 

"The kind senora to whose ranch I 



had been taken told me. when I had 
recovered consciousness, that I had 
been found among the ruins, and 101 
some time it was believed that I could 
not recover. Gradually, the horrid 
scene would come before me, and then 
it would disappear as a dream falnn> 
remembered. I asked for Ermine and 
our little son. but the merciful senora 
would tell me that she was at church, 
or visiting a sick neighbor, well know- 
ing that It would drive me mad to 
learn the truth. Finally, when I be- 
came stronger, she told me what I 
had seen in my delirium — that the 
tragedy was a reality. We went 10 
the churchyard, and by their graves I 
knelt and prayed. Then came a lone 
interval of brain fever. 

"Soon after my recovery, the kind 
and good senora was laid to rest in 
the mission churchyard by the siae 
of her two children, who also had been 
killed by the Indians, and now I was 
left alone. For days I wan- 
dered along the banks of the 
river. I strolled down to the 
ocean, but its solitude was even mort- 
oppresslve than were the groves oy 
the stream. One cannot escape tne 
impressions of a silence which is still 
as death. I went up on the mountain, 
and as I looked down I saw the 
charred remains of the walls of the 
Alma rancho. My mother had given 
it the name — Alma, the soul. I saw. 
In my grief, my beloved Ermine, and 
our babe. I asked myselr wnerc 1 
should go to drown In oblivion the 
sorrow that was gnawing at my heart, 
tormenting it as the waves of the 
ocean may lash the hulk of a wreckod 

"Something said to me: "Here id 
the home of your people; there In the 
churchyard are those you love, and 
yonder Is the hill upon which stood 
your home; they are sacred to you." 

"I built this hut. In this cool and de- 
lightful grove, and have lived hen- 
alone for nearly a quarter of a cen- 
tury. Each day I see the sun rise and 
sink behind the mountain. I see the 
same skies, and the stream runs by 
hurrying to the ocean. One day is 
like another, only that each succeeding 
one seems longer than the others, and 
everv day, at vespers, I kneel and pray 
yonder. In this quarter of a century 
I have lived a thousand years of sor- 
row, and not one day of happiness." 

The aged hermit bowed his head in 
grief, but his sorrow was too deep foi 
tears. His eyes were sunken, his fea- 
tures contracted. As he sat motion- 
less, muttering a prayer, his attention 

had performed for years, and which 
had descended to him from his father. 
The worshippers devoutiy 
themselves as they entered the church, 
Don Hernando leaned heavily upon 
my arm, and Instead of entering mo- 
tioned to the churchyard. Here the 
hermit released my arm, and uncovei 
Ing his head, knelt where lay burled 
his soul's Idols. His tearless eyes 
were fixed upon the little cross above 
the name Ermine, and his lips moved 
as if voicing a prayer. 

I turned away. The moments passed 
slowly by. Still he remained at his 
devotions. There was something in 
his silence that aroused my fear, and 
approaching him suspiciously I founu 
him asleep — that sleep that knows no 

J* & J* 

Buying Christmas Presents 

"Here's something cheap. Let's buy 
It," said the tall, angular woman. 

•What for?" asked the jolly little 

"Oh. for a Christmas present," an- 
swered the other. 

"Who for?" queried No. 2. 

"Oh, I don't know. It will come in 
handy for some one." 

"Here" (to the clerk), "wrap me up 
two of these and hurry my changu, 
please. How much? Seventeen cents? 
Oh, all right." 

"My goodness!" ejaculated her Jolly 
companion. "You don't mean to say 
you buy all your Christmas presents 
that way?" 

"Pretty nearly — at least that's what 
I intend doing this year. I've taken 
lots of pains to buy things before, but 
from now on I'm going to go about 
things differently." 

"Why, what, has changed you?" 

"Well, it's this way; I'm an old 
maid, you know, but I like pretty 
things awful well. I'm accounted weii 
off, and so I am, but almost every yeai 
I have sought out the nicest, prettiest 
things I could find and sent them off 
to those I count my friends. Anu 
what did I get in return? Nothing, 
positively nothing. Now, the value of 
a things doesn't count one bit wltn 
me, but I do like people to be thought- 
ful, and when I get two or three 
marked down calendars and a general 
collection of stuff picked up to send 
at the last moment which is not of the 
least use to anybody, I rebel. So this 
year I am going to try to teach then, 
a lesson." 

Page 18 


December, 1903 



omes bul once a year. 
and n \t observed ae an occasion of 
general rejoicing in every civilized 

In Germany the chief celebration Is 
held "n Christmas eve. This Is the 
time the Christmas tree is lighted and 
thi presents distributed. Many of 
the superstitions of the North German 
peasantry at this season of the year 
are Ot a CurlOUd character. 

Old wives tell young maidens that 
if they are desirous of ascertaining 
the trades of their husbands they 
must, on Christmas night, listen near 
the large kettle walled in the stove. 
If the water in It makes a roaring 
noise, he will in all probability be a 
blacksmith. And there 
are various other tones 
of the boiling water by 
means of which other 
trades may be deter- 
mined. Again, to find 
out what sort of wea- 
ther It will be during 
the next year one must 
on Christmas eve take 
an onion, cut It through 
Into twelve equal parts, 
put salt on each one and 
then place them In a 
row. The months cor- 
responding to the cups 
In which the salt Is. 
the following morning, 
if found wet, will be 

The little Dutch boys 
and girls of the Neth- 
erlands go out and on 
Christmas eve collect 
I he shoes of all the 
family, fill them with 
straw, oats or some 
sort of grain and place 
them In a row In the 
hall of the house. The 
grain is for the reindeer 
of Santa Claus. It al- 
ways disappears before 
morning and the shoes 
are found filled with 
toys, candles, apples 
and oranges. 

In France Christmas 
day itself Is very little 
observed. From the 
Tnlddle of December the 
streets of Paris are 
lined with booths where 
every sort of toy and 
decoration are sold, 
but these are Intended 
for the New Year's oc- 
casion, when the French 
exchange gifts and good 
wishes. On Christmas 
eve, there Is mid- 
night mass at the Mad- 
elaine, to which im- 
mense numbers flock. 
The high altar Is pro- 
fusely adorned with 
flowers, and the build- 
ing decorated all over. 
The people enjoy the 
music, which is very 
fine, but the day pos- 
sesses no deep signifi- 
cance for them. In 
some of the country 
districts, especially In 
Normandy and Brit- 
tany, more attention is 
paid to the celebration 
of Christmas. The par- 
ish churches hold es- 
pecial services In honor 
of the birth of Christ. 

In Italy the churches 
are Illuminated with 
thousands of wax ta- 
pers. To bring the 
scene vividly before the 
mind of the reader the 
following description by a traveler and 
an eye-witness of one of the churches 
near Naples may not be out of place: 

"The high altar was blazing with 
light. On the right lay the presepe 
(manger) and on the left stood erect 
a wax figure of the Madonna: while 
around that Impersonation clustered 
the young country girls. A magnifi- 
cent flaxen wig covered the head of 
Our Lady, and her china blue eyes 
stared straight ahead of her into va- 
cancy. She was clothed in a splen- 
did white satin dress, wore a jeweled 
necklace around her throat and had 
costly rings on her fingers. The pre- 
sepe was on this occasion the great 
object of attention to all the worship- 
pers. It had been expanded from the 
stall-like manger surrounded by fig- 
ures — the Virgin, St. Joseph and the 
Shepherds — common to all Italian 
churches at Christmas, to a miniature 
Bethlehem, Into which was crowded 
nearly every known animal. Trees 

and flowers bloomed all about, and 
even the star was not forgotten. This, 
painted in gorgeous colors, was at- 
tached at the end of a pole that pro- 
truded from what might have been the 
market-place of the city. The manger 
Itself was empty, as the placing of 
the figure of the bambino (holy child) 
within it Is a solemn ceremony re- 
served for the early hours of Christ- 
mas morning. 

"The dress of the country people 
also awakens in the mind touching re- 
flections; it is, I am assured, exactly 
the same as that of the Shepherds at 
the time of our Savior's birth, and 
dales back upward of two thousand 
years. It is a sort of smockfrock or 

inant churches — the Latin, the Greek 
and the Armenian. 

On the day before Christmas about 
one-fourth of the population of Jeru- 
salem start out for Bethlehem, five 
miles away. Every available animal 
and vehicle is used, and a procession 
of Latin patriarchs, bishops, priests, 
monks and other church officials meets 
a similar one a short distance from 
Bethlehem: and joyful demonstra- 
tions, such as shouting, firing of guns 
snd clapping of hands, occur. The 
roofs of the place are crowded with 
women and children singing songs of 
welcome and throwng upon the pil- 
grims flowers, green branches and 
sprays of rose water. 

tunic, drawn tight around the waist 
by a leathern thong, and a cloak over 
that. No shoes; people In general go 

But if there has been little change 
as regards material things in the place 
of our Lord's birth, the whole world 
has been changed otherwise. He said: 
"I have come to cast fire on the earth." 
That sacred fire is the love of God, and 
it burns brightly and spreads every- 

Bethlehem is one of the oldest towns 
of Palestine, and yet but little is 
known of its early history: we find 
it already in existence at the time of 
Jacob's return to the country, for it 
was near to it that he buried his be- 
loved Rachel. 

In Bethlehem, the cradle of Christ- 
mas and of Christianity, the people 
have a month of celebration; the birth 
of Christ being celebrated at thre? 
different times by the three predom- 

At the open square the Bethlehem 
priests, In long, flowing robes, bearing 
images and incense, slowly walk for- 
ward to prostrate themselves before 
the patriarch from Jerusalem, chant- 
ing sonorously. 

Then the procession travels to the 
church, where a night service Is held, 
and the monks and priests chant out 
with grand effect the "Gloria in Ex- 
celsis." Brilliant lights and beautiful 
flowers are used in profusion to adorn 
the altar. 

The patriarch carries a wax doll, 
representing the Holy Babe. As the 
procession passes around the churcn 
the women lift up their little ones arnl 
cry: "Look! Look! There is Christ! 
Cross yourself!" 

The Chapel of the Nativity, buih. 
on the spot where the cattle sheu 
stood, and In which the Sacred Child 
was born, is a long crypt, paved with 

marble and draped with crimson and 
gold curtains. The church Is the joint 
property ot the Latins, Greeks and 
Armenians, and within a hollow re- 
cess underneath the altar fifteen 
lamps, two of which belong to the 
two i" the Armenians and 
eleven to the Latins, burn constantly 
from one Easter eve to another. On 
Hi. 1 1 day the fire is extinguished and 
1 by a flame supposed to come 
from the Holy Sepulchre. 

Into the marble pavement a silver 
star descends, which shines brightly 
in the glass from the lamps, and 
around this star runs the inscription: 
• Hi. de Vlrglne .Maria, Jesus 
Christ, riatus est." The pil- 

grims fall on their 
knees and fervently kiss 
the star. Then a short 
service is conducted, 
after which the patri- 
arch proceeds to the 
Church of the Manger. 
Here the wax doll Is 
ci n moniouaiy wrapped 
in swaddling clothes 
and laid in the marble 
manger. Then the bells 
ring out: "Christ Is 
born! Christ is born!" 
and the entire congre- 
gation, as well as the 
priests, exchange greet- 

. It is almost morning 
when the service is fin- 
ished, and many go to 
the Field of the Shep- 
herds, where another 
service is held. The 
pilgrims from Jerusa- 
lem return to their 
homes and enjoy a 
feast, and a like service 
Is held in Bethlehem. 

The Greek church 
has a procession and 
service similar, to this 
on January 6, our Epi- 
phamy; and the Arme- 
nians hold their cele- 
bration later still. The 
Church of the Nativity, 
where all the services 
are held, is also known 
as the Church of St. 
Mary, and it is said to 
be the oldest church in 
the world. 

In many respects 
Bethlehem is the same 
to-day as when our 
Lord was born. The 
people dress now as 
they did then, and 
many of their manners 
and customs are un- 
changed since the first 
Christmas long ago. 
Baron Geramb, a fa- 
mous traveler, who be- 
came a monk of the 
austere Order of La 
Trappe, tells us, In one 
of his books describing 
a pilgrimage to Pales- 
tine, that he was par- 
ticularly struck bv the 
dress of the BetMe- 
hemltes. It reminded 
him of Jesus, Mary and 
Joseph: and of the 
Shepherds also, who 
were the first to adore 
the Savior of the 
world. Baron Geramb 

"The women are 
dressed in precisely the 
same manner as the 
Blessed Virgin in the 
pictures which repre- 
sent her, not only in the 
fashion of the garments, but the very 
colors are the same: a blue gown and 
a red cloak, or a red gown and a blue 
cloak, with a white veil over all. The 
first time that I chanced to see. at a 
distance, a woman of Bethlehem' car- 
rying a little child in her arms, I 
could not help starting; me-thought I 
beheld Mary and the Infant Jesus 
coming toward me. 

"On another occasion my emotion 
was not less lively. I perceived an 
old man. with white hair and white 
beard, driving an ass along the hill 
on which Bethlehem is situated: he 
was followed by a young woman, 
dressed in blue and red. and covered 
with a white veil. I was at Bethle- 

"My imaginaton carried me back to 
the time of Augustus Caesar. In a 
moment it transformed those two per- 
sons into Joseph and Mary, coming, 
in obedience to the orders of the 
prince, to be- taxed." 

cember, iyu3. 


Pace 19 





invariably healthy chll- 
6 i 

Th«- is rarely the "fool 

^•Irl who knows ha 

Bathe the children In the morning it" possible; If 
n ot, :in hour before the evening meal. Never give a 
child a bath for at least an hour after eating, and 
never take a i-hild outdoors immediately after Its 

Do noi allow am infant to turn round and round 
that It may enjoy the fun of being giddy. Not inly 
headache, but Rts, stupidity and even madness may 
be brouu-hi aboul by such practices. 

It is well to realize 
that very rarely there 
are two children even in 
the same family similar 
in their physical equip- 
ments, and that there- 
fore no "rule of thumb" 
method of rearing them 
Is ever eminently suc- 

jt .* & ' 

A mother rises to 
make a plea for the 
baby. She says that 
baby's clothes are al- 
most Invariably too 
tight or else they are 
made to fit so snugly 
that in a few months 
the poor infant has 
outgiown them, yet is 
still thrust and pinned 
into them by the fool- 
ishly economical moth- 
er. Very often fretting 
and crying results from 
neckbands which are 
too tight or from arm- 
holes so narrow as to 
restrict free movement. 
All babies claim the 
right to kick and 
squirm as much and as 
often as they feel like 
it. This wise mother 
points out that a loose 
dress need not look 
slovenly. Neck and 
sleeve bands can be so 
arranged as to be ad- 
justifiable. Beading 
through which narrow 
ribbon is run will ac- 
complish this. If the 
sleeves are too long 
use two baby pins, of 
which you surely have 
a set in gold or silver, 
to hold them up. Time 
and strength and baby's 
good nature are all 
three saved by making 
the little dresses gener- 
ous in proportion to the 
figure of their little 

J* * .* 

That children should 
be afflicted with head- 
ache is unnatural, and 
the cause should be in- 
vestigated and the rem- 
edy applied at once, if 
parents would preserve 
the health and lives of 
their children. 

One of the first causes 
of headache is too rapid 
growth. As a remedy 
keep the children from 
overwork and feed 
them with rnpld-cooling 
foods and little meat. 

Plenty of fresh air 
and outdoor life will 
neutralize any 111 ef- 
fects arising from too 
much intellectual ac- 

Indigestion Is n fruitful cause of headache, and is 
most frequently the resull of Improper food "r over- 
eating. Regular hours and suitable diet is the rem- 

nil when Nature 
of a laxative give them > little Syrup of Figs, which 

Headaches frequently have a nervous origin, In 
which case the head should be kept cool by cold ap- 
plications and the feet kept warm by hot baths; also 
massage the limbs and hack and give tepid batns 

acts gently, pleasantly and naturally, Without lrrl- 
tating or nauseating, and cleanses the system effect- 
ively. In fact, Syrup of Figs is recognized as one of 
the best medicines to be given a child at regular In- 

The lighting of a child's room is a very important 

matter especia llj from a 

The Only One 

There is only One 

Genuine SyrUp Of FigS, 

The Genuine is Manufactured by the 

California Fig Syrup Co. 

The full name of the company, California Fig? Syrup Co., 
fs printed on the front of every package of the genuine. 

The Genuine- Syrup of Figs- is for Sale, in Original 
Packages Only, by Reliable Druggists Everywhere 

Knowing the above will enable one to avoid the fraudulent imita- 
tions made by piratical concerns and sometimes offered by unreliable 
dealers. The imitations are known to act injuriously and should 
therefore be declined. 

Buy the genuine always if you wish to get its beneficial effects. 
Jt cleanses the system gently yet effectually, dispels colds and headaches 
when bilious or constipated; prevents fevers and acts best on the 
kidneys, liver, stomach and bowels, when a laxative remedy is needed 
by men, women or children. Many millions know of its beneficial 
effects from actual use and of their own personal knowledge. It is the 
laxative remedy of the well-informed. 

Always buy the Genuine— Syrup of Figs 


Louisville, Ky. 




rtewYork. /J^J|i 

mnltary standpoint am 

also from one of con- 
venience. If gas Is the 
illuminant. it should not 
be left lighted longer 
than is absolutely nec- 
essary. If a night light 
Is required, then a lit- 
tle night lamp should 
be procured,, but even 
then it is a pity that 
more mothers do not 
train their children to 
become ai customed I i 
sleeping In a room 
without a light. It is 
so much more health- 
ful, Where lamps are 
In use we far too often 
Fee children squinting 
because the strong 
lamplight is directly In 
their faces. Their eld- 
ers seldom stop to think 
of this from their su- 
perior heights. A light 
should never be placed 
so that Its rays flare 
Into a child's eyes. One 
of the most prevalent 
causes for poor eyesight 
in young chlldic-n 

Is this very negligence 
on the part of their 
elders to provide shad- 
ed lights In rooms 
where children are sit- 
ting or playing. 

Every mother likes to 
see her baby with curly 
hair, and if it Is not 
naturally so it can be 
made to grow so with 
very little care. The 
baby's hair should, of 
course, be washed and 
brushed every morn- 
ing, but when the 
brushing is done do not 
leave the hair smooth. 
but with the tips of 
the fingers rub the hair" 
in little circles from 
right to left all over the 
scalp. This twists the 
hair at the roots and 
produces the much de- 
sired curls. 

The mother In dress- 
ing her little ones 
should always com- 
bine comfort with the 
thought of prettlness. 
Tr> relieve earache In 
children bind on a small 
bag of hops moistened 
with boiling water and 
keep it warm. 

Let the children be 
to run about, 
romp and play out- 
doors in cold weather, 
but do not take them 
for long slow walks. 

Respect the little se- 
crets of children. If 
they have concealment, 
worrying them will 
never make them tell, 
and patience will prob- 
"' ad its work. 

Page 20 


December, 1903 


Selection of Different Articles which will be Appropriate 
for all Your Friends, Including Children 

Christina cu oni vary in different lands, and while 
In all Christian countries the children arc- given pres- 
ents, the mannei of distribution also varies. In this 
country the Chrlslma tree Is a feature, and n is usu- 
ally loaded with as many presents as it will bear— 
everything from a box of candy to a rocking horse 
or a suit of clothing. The American youth eats more 
candy than that of any other nationality. 

Every child expects a present, and It requires a 
great deal of discrimination and taste on the pare 
Dt" the parents to buy presents most suitable to each 
Child. The desiii- Of many parents is also to make 
the g\ I table, and the larger number must 

also buy economically, especially if they have large 

In this country, the custom is almost universal to 
give presents, especially to children, no matter how- 
poor the parents. Adults exchange presents, and It 
Is generally expected that the articles be of equal 
iralue. The Christmas tree, transplanted from Ger- 
many. Is another means of bestowing presents to 
children. In addition to the stocking hung up in the 

In California, during the BIspano-Mexican occu- 
pancy, the usual presents were given to children, and 
adults exchanged presents — always of an equal vain.-. 
These presents are generally serviceable, such as a 
beef, sheep, horse, serape, guitar or shoes, and the 
rich gave money to the poor. 

But the manner of giving presents varies, according 
to the nationality. In early Rome the wealthy slave- 
owners rewarded the slaves who had been industrious 
and faithful throughout the year. 

In France, the Santa Claus comes with a convoy of 
angels, all carrying books and toys with which to 
fill the little shoes In the chimney. 

In Alsace, Santa Claus is represented by a maiden 
dressed all in white, carrying a silver bell and a 
basket of sweetmeais. she then conducts the chil- 
dren to a brilliantly lighted Christmas tree, loaded 

ed nuts, apples, gingerbread and toys Bad boys 
fear him. 

Throughoul the Scandinavian countries, the cattle 
: ."7 *-'''• ! "extra How f r< e I, and a few hand- 

tuls ol fe d are thrown to the bird* In the rural 
districts the tables ate left i or all to eat 

who come. Cakes, toys, etc., ar< given to children. 

In SW< ten and NOHvi . g ,,,, Wlll . ;, 

ls WTH own Into the 

room by Santa Claus, who is hidden from view To 
a young lady, fashionably dressed, a doll is given- a 
newly married couple are given a pair of cooinu 
11111 " aoves. In the larger towns they also have a 
Christmas tree. 

with presents of every description, with their names 
written upon each. 

In Italy, children are given a box of candy made 
of honey and nuts; fruits are also given. Children 
sometimes accompany their parents, and select their 
own presents. This takes away the surprise at re- 
ceiving a gift on Christmas morning. The principal 
feature of the holiday, however, is the Christmas 
dinner, which begins early and ends late. Every- 
one calls upon his employer, who is expected to make 
him a present. Children call upon their relations, 
the poor upon the rich, and the rich send their cards 
to the rich, all expecting a present in return. Even 
servants call upon those who have visited the house 
during the year, and are disappointed If they do not 
get a present. 

In Spain, the custom of giving presents Is similar, 
strangely a similar custom prevails In England. 

In Belgium the children polish their shoes, fill them 
with hay, oats and carrots, or feed for Santa Claus' 
horse. Next morning the shoes are found filled with 
toys, sweetmeats, etc., and sometimes a switch Is 
placed by the shoe of a bad child, as an object lesson. 
Sometimes wooden or china shoes, cups, saucers and 
baskets are placed by the children in the chimney as 
return gifts to Santa Claus. 

In the Bohemian Netherlands Santa Claus, or Ram- 
panz. Is accompanied by three young men. disguised 
as the devil, he-goat and angel. They distribute toys, 
sweetmeats, etc.. to the good, and the goat carries 
off the bad ones on his horns, so that they may be 
beaten by the devil with his rod. 

In Russia they have a Christmas tree and distribute 
presents, but the special church services are held dur- 
ing Easter holidays and Epihhamy. 

In the Tyrol naughty children do not get presents, 
but are kidnaped by Santa Claus. who carries them 
away In his basket. 

In lower Austria the frightful Krampus comes in 
his clanking chains and devil's mask and distributes 

In northern Germany, in the rural districts, Santa 
Claus goes from house to house, and thus.-, children 
who know their prayers are given ginger bread, ap- 
i ,! - nuts md toys. Those who cannot pray gee 
nothing — .sometimes are whipped. 

In Hamburg, Germany, especla'ly, the custom of 
giving presents is so prevalent that a bazaar is es- 
tablished the preceding week. Hen are found every- 
thing — the ludicrous, fantastical, and the useful ar- 
ticle. Hags of bon-bons are given, also toys candies 
and sweetmeats to the children. It is the universal 
custom for employers to present money to their em- 
ployes. The girts are regulated according to the 
wages, varying from a few dollars to $25. The giver's 
-cheerfulness is regulated by the fldVlty and industry 
of the employe. The Christmas tree is anxiously 
looked forward to by the children, and it is the cus- 
tom for everyone to show his presents. 

The Christmas tree is believed to be of German 
origin, yet it has a Pagan prototype of very great 
antiquity. It was first fitted up during the "Twelve 
Nights, and later transferred to Christmas. To invest 
the festival with additional importance in the eyes of 
children, the distribution of holiday presents was 
changed from St. Nicholas era to Christmas eve— 
from the 5th of December to the 24th. Such was the 
origin of the Christmas tree as known to-day through- 
out the Christian world. 

St. Nicholas is the Santa C.'aus of Scotland, the 
Samiklaus of Switzerland, the Sonnet' Klas of Heli- 
goland. In the Voralberg he is called Zemmikias and 
terrifies the children by thieatening to put them Into 
his haysack, which he always carries. In upper Aus- 
tria he is known as Niklo. or Niglo, and is followed 
by a masked servant named Krompus, while in the 

H: little children. The • well stocked, the 

shops are largely supplied with toys of the latest 
make, and there are other novelties In abundance, 
An economical way to buy presents is to select articles 
which win be appropriate to the receiver, [I may 
also be serviceable, and wlll perhaps be more highly 
appreciated by those who are nol well supplli i with 
this world's goods. 

We recommend as suitable and economical presents 
foi young ladles the latest novelties In nei 
« "i 'icy the liberty silk cape effect ruff with stoli 
trimmed with fancy ribbons; the plaited silk capi 
effect neck ruff with long stole ends, all trimmed with 
Jubj ribbon; heavy taffeta silk ruff with stole ends, 
with nine silk medallions; renaissance stock collar,' 
hand m id( . Arabian shade; Venetian lace collar, 

size, Imitation hand crochet effect; large re ssa 

lace hand-made stole collar, long wide collar, m 
Arabian color; a handsome renaissance collar In 
Arabian shade; and large size Venetian lace collai 
In new and pleasing design. 
A unique present is a toilet case, fancy silk plusn 

11 eel ulold, top and front of transparent celluloid, 
showing artistic background, top with country 
In natural colors and embossed gold frame, front witn 
exquisite ideal fie-ures beautlfullv tinted under ti 
parent celluloid in embossed gold frame, side „ 
base 01 fancy silk plush; drawer In base for handker- 
ch -is; raised top, drop front; satin lined; celluloid 
panels on inside cf swinging doors, showing exq i 
site ideal figures in natural colors in embossed gilt 
metal fames; round long handle beveled mirror- 
brush with extra quality bristles; celluloid conn. J 
pieces of manicure fittings; two imitation eul 
odor bottles; gilt metal ornaments on base. 

' 'ther appropriate and econcmic presents are: M m- 
Icure set, containing staghom nail polisher, pomade 
box, nail file, cuticle knife and manicure scissors, i,", 
Leal berette case. 

Comb and brush in satln-Ilned leatherette case, 

Tyrol he is called the "Holy Man." and divides the 
patronage of his office with St. Lucy, who distributes 
gifts among the girls, and he distributes gifts to the 

In many parts of Switzerland. Germany and the 
Netherlands, St. Nicholas still distributes his gifts on 
St. Nicholas eve — the 5th of December — Instead of the 
25th. St. Nicholas is the burden of the prayers of 
the children, who petition him to let fall from the 
chimney lop into their large stockings some gift. 

In our own country everyone is now studying what 
they shall bu« for Christmas presents. They desire 
something suitable for the grandparents, the father, 
the mother, the brother, sister, lover, sweetheart, and 

SSriinr' cu is i !e ^, rush , wIth staghorn back and handle, 
sterling silver trimmings. 

Photograph holder, decorated with assorted flower 

I luloid photograph holder, stands 8 inches high, 
ol colored celluloid, richly embossed and gildea 

\\hisk broom holder, with embossed cellulo'd pane' 

Box for photographs, with opening for photographs' 
in coyer, decorated assorted flower designs in all 
oil colors. ° *"' 

Set. three pieces, handkerchief, glove and 1ewel 
baskets, with celluloid covers. 

Silver or silver and glass toilet articles are a; ways 
acceptable to women. 

In silverware there are toilet articles such as taicum 
jars cold cream jars, silver-mounted brushes combs 
powder boxes, buttonhook, curling iron, glove stretch' 
er. atomizer, perfume jar, vaseline holder and hair- 
pin case. 

A handsome gift for a gentleman is a linen or silk 
handkerchief, white silk necktie, embroidered sus- 
penders, or fancy worked slippers. 

Children like serviceable presents— that is some- 
thing that may be utilized .after the holidays The 
boy is always doing something, and if he have an 
ingenious or inventive mind, a box of carpenters toom 
will be appreciated. 

A fine present for a boy. or any member of the 
family, is a graphophone. It is especially serviceable 
in enabling one to correct the harshness of the voice 
This is a practical machine, not a toy. and is equipped 
with the latest large size reproducer. i s sold at onlv 
S9. and uses the same records as are used in SlOfi m ,- 
chines. It is known as the best wherever talkiii" ma- 
chines are used. They can be bought from the Col- 
umbia Phcnograph Co., San Francisco. 

A little girl always appreciates gay-colored beads 
pictures, dolls and tea sets. 

December, 1903 


Page 21 



———————————— ———-^ ■ ■ ,/j. 

Thn women of California have been, 
uid ai o remost in the social, 

mora lu atlonal advancement 

of the State-. In little more than half 
a century, California has 
evolved from a crude condi- 
tion, where there was only a 
semblance of law and no so- 
ciety, to an advanced social, 
moral and Intellectual plane, 
ranking with that of any 
State In the Union. 

And this l8 mainly owing 
to the good work and Influ- 
ence of our nob'e women. 

Within a yes i after the dis- 
covery of gold there were 
about fifty thousand men In 
California, and only a few 
women. Soon, however, im- 
migrants with their families 
began to arrive. They came 
by the slow and monotonous 
ocean route, and over the 
sage brush plains, trackless 
deserts and mountain passes, 
braving the dangers of ocean 
storms, famine on the desert, 
and savage Indians. They 
left comfortable homes and a 
civilization behind them to 
found a new one In an almost 
uncivilized land. 

Immediately, their civiliz- 
ing Influence was felt, and 
their first work was to estab- 
lish schools and churches. 
Next came social and literary 
clubs and societies, and these 
have multiplied so rapidly 
that every social, literary, 
genealogical, historical, ar- 
tistic and other cult, Is cen- 
tered In a club or association. 
This formation was necessary 
for effective work. There are 
now about twenty-eight 
thousand club women in the 
State, embracing one hundred 
and forty-seven clubs. 

The main object of the 
clubs Is social intercourse and 
mental improvement. Here 
they discuss questions of Im- 
portance to women in general, 
and to children. They have 
thus Improved the social and 
moral condition of the coun- 
try, and become the educators 
of citizens of the present and 
of the past decade. 

The women of California 
have ever, from the earliest 
aays. taken an interest in 
promoting the educational, 
religious and civic interests 
of the State, and this interest 
is increasing. They are tak- 
ing a greater interest in civic 
Improvements, tree planting, 
park making, and Improving 
the grounds surrounding the 
schools. They have also 
shown a delicate and artist* 
taste in beautifying their 
homes. They are also show- 
ing more interest in literary 
work, and in the preserva- 
tion of our noble forests from 
the vandal's ax. For several 
J r u a ™ , , he for estry branch of 
the Civic Federation has been 
appealing to the authority 
to spare our "big trees'." 
and only for these women 
these noble "landmarks- 
would perhape now have dis- 
appeared. This association 
^vas foremost in urging 
upon the people of the 
cities and towns the im- 
portance of planting 
trees and beautifvina 
parks and drives. 

In order to do more 
effective work-, a State 
Federation was organ- 
ized a few years ago 
anj a majority of the 
women's clubs and as- 
sociations have joined 

The California Fed. 
eration Is mostly com- 
posed of literary clubs 
yet all of them assist 
in .other work for the 
betterment of the gen- 
eral Interests of women; 
and of the State. The 
njfept is to -mite all 
the clubs of the Stale 
under one parent club, 
yp fcea/h will retain Its 
Individuality p s an or- 
ganization. This parent 
organization has ap- 
pointed committees for 
the different lines of 
work, and these com- 
mittees are composed 
of women whose ex- 
perience and learning 
ably qualifies them 

for the special work In their respect- 
ive districts throughout the 
These duties embrace library 
sion. the establishment of "libraries 

ind everything that 
to foe advancement of 
the nr«ner training o] chil- 
dren, and the civilization of humanity 



(From Painting by Paul de Long pre.) 

1 m to the social, edui atlonal 

vie organizations, the women of 

h tve organ Ix rnal 

societies <u everj i it ei to which 

women are admitted. The 
membership is large and ln- 
While they are working in 
the interests of the State, and 
of society, the Plonei i 
1 fornia are also being 
looked after. Tin re an the 
Societies of the Women a 
auxiliary to the Pioneers of 
California, the Association of 
Pioneer Women, the Native 
Daughters of the Golden West 
and the Association of the 
Wives and Daughters of the 
\ eterana of the Mexican War. 
These are local organizations 
growing out of the conquest 
"' California, and the main 
object of each is to collect and 
preserve the history of the 
early settlement of California 
which may be within the 
province of each organization. 
The Native Daughters of 
the Golden West have 
ninety-two parlors, and about 
7.000 members. 

The Woman Suffragists 
compose thirty clubs, and are 
working for the promotion of 
woman's rights. 

The Young Women's Chris- 
tian Association is another 
important organization that is 
doing good work. It has a 
large membership and is 
rapidly Increasing and broad- 
ening its noble work. 

The Young Ladies' Insti- 
tute, which was established 
ten years ago, Is one of the 
most progressive organiza- 
tions In the State. 

The Order of the Eastern 
star is Increasing more rap- 
idly in membership in Cali- 
fornia than elsewhere In the 
United States. 

*v, The r, Unlted Daughters of 
the Confederacy, organized 
only two years ago, has seven 
chapters, and a large and In- 
creasing membership. 

The Woman's Relief Corps 
Is a worthy organization, and 
has done much good work 
and Is worthy of high praise! 
The Rebekah Degree of 
Odd Fellows have a large and 
Increasing membership, and 
have prosperous lodges 
throughout the State. Their 
next annual assembly will be 
held In May 1904, at San 

Among other women's or- 
ganizations, and the most 
prominent, are the Cathol'c 
Sisters, which conduct over 
three hundred different In- 
stitutions. These include 
schools, hospitals, orphan as- 
ylums, deaf and dumb insti- 
tutions, homes for the aged 
people, etc. 

The several Protestant de- 
nominations have established 
Missions in the Chinese quar- 
ter of San Francisco and in 
other cities of the Pacific- 
coast, for the conversion of 
the believers in Con ucian- 
Taoism and Buddhism. 
The Mission ladles 
make a house to house 
canvass to instruct the 
adults, and have Sun- 
day schools for the Chi- 
nese youth. 

There are Women's 
Clubs in San Francisco. 
Oakland, Los. Angeles. 
San Jose and in other 
.towns of the State, an I 
there are also many 
studios and sketch 

'duhs. where the young 
ladies cultivate their 
artistic taste. The mag- 
nificent scenery of Cal- 
■ifornia is of Itself an 
Invitation to the artist's 
pencil' and the brush ol 
the painter. 

The women also 
greatly aid the Society 
for the Prevention of 
Vice, for the Preven- 
tion of Cruelty to C'ril- 
dren and Prevention of 
Cruelty to Anlniais. 
They not only give 
their morn! suppo.t. 
but they ma ice Mi.eral 
donations of money. 
There are also many 
musical clubs, as our 
climate is specially con- 
ducive to voice culture. 




December, 1903 



Wife of the First Governor of California. 

A waste of sand dunes and few houses marked 
I IiIh metropolis of the Gulden Stat.- fifty years ago. 
The world beyond our western seas knew little of 
far-off California until one morning people in many 
lands awoke to be greeted with the startling newd 
of the discovery of gold on these distant shores. 

At first it all deemed an Arabian Night's tale, so 
glowing and marvelous were the accounts that told 
of vast wealth to be found In the glittering sands 
washed by the great Pacific. The adventurous spirit 
of man was aroused, as well as his cupidity, and 
thousands soon flocked to this new El Dorado. 

From ill conditions of life they came, but they 
were mostly brave, honest and true. In spite of ma- 
licious reports to the contrary. California has always 
had reason i>> be proud of the grand majority of those 
pioneers, both men and women, that laid the founda- 
tion of this great city. 

It was a sense of love and' duty, in most cases, 
that Impelled courageous women to brave hardships 
and the perils of long, wears- traveling, in order to 
unite once more family ties In a strange new land. 
And the desert blossomed under their magic touch. 
Soon sain! hills were leveled to make way for hand- 
Bome houses, green lawns and hlnuming gardens, 
and from these bright surroundings strains of sweet 
music and the merry laughter of little children greeted 
the ears and gladdened the hearts of many weary 
wanderers from their childhood's home. 

No wonder that the pari of town where most of 
these new homes were built in those early days, was 
called Happy Valley. This appropriate name was 
given to that section south of Market street, between 
First and Third streets, extending south several 
blocks. Eeautiful little South Park, surrounded by 
its circlet of commodious residences, was built and 
laid out a few years later through the enterprise of 
San Francisco's first sugar magnate — Mr. George 
Gordon, his own home being the most palatial in 
the row. The ladies of this exclusive little neigh- 
borhood, the Gordons always graciously leading, en- 
tertained extensively. Especially gentlemen who were 
here alone without family ties, found the cordial wel- 
come they received in those hospitable homes most 

There were also many prominent families that 
settled In the northern part of town, known as North 
Beach, near the beautiful bay, where they could gaze 
on the shining waters flowing in from the great rest- 
less ocean beyond. 

The home of the esteemed Judge Seldon S. Wright, 
and that of the well known merchant, Jos. L. Moody, 
each faced this fine marine outlook. 

It was here also that the father of Mr. Henry 
Martin, our late genial sheriff, established his family 
In very early days. The only daughter married Mr. 
Remi Chabot, and moved to Oakland to live. In that 
city's most exclusive circles Mrs. Chabot has always 
been an acknowledged favorite. 

ie resident of that neighborhood was 

Miles D. Sweeney, for many years president of 

the Hlbernla Bank. The only surviving member of 

low of Dr. Joseph Pescia, a 

death oi curred a few 

years ago. 

The handsome residence of Mr. Julius BanJman. 
on Lombard street, with its extensive grounds, was 
the scene of many gay festivities for a number of 
. his marriage to the beautiful Antona 
Pollard, who was the daughter of a pioneer hotel 

Over to the northwest, on those imposing heights 
overlooking the bay, there still remain many grand 
old places built In the early mining days by some of 
our most prominent citizens. One of these, com- 
manding a magnificent marine view, became the 
home of the late William P. Humphreys. Here his 
charming wife and her attractive sisters have re- 
ceived and entertained, with their own gracious hos- 
pitality, their many friends whose delight It has 
ever been to visit them in the midst of truly Ideal 

Mr. M. C. Braly built extensively on these hills in 
the early sixties. His admirable wife, an oracle 
of wisdom, with the simplicity of a child, was indeed 
a helpmate In all his great and generous enterprises. 
Her daughter, Mrs. Wm. J. Bryan, shows in her de- 
vout and useful life that she has profited by the 
teachings and example of this good and wise mother. 

Picturesque Rincon Hill was another favorite spot 
In those pioneer days, where many handsome resi- 
dences were built and occupied by the families of 
some of our early millionaires, also a number of 
army and navy officers, and other renowned persons. 
The homes of General Halleck. General Carleton, 
Major Ringold, Commodores Allen and Woodworth, 
Hon. Wm. M. Gwln Mr. Louis McLean, and a score 
of other prominent people were situated on this beau- 
tiful slope. 



One of the finest of these, with beautifully laid 
out grounds, was situated on Folsom street. A 
wealthy banker. Mr. Milton S. Latham, fitted up, with 
exquisite taste, this magnificent place for his lovely 
and charming bride. 

There were three acknowledged belles in the city 
at that time, famed for their great beauty, grace and 
accomplishments. Society had christened them "The 
Three Macs." These were Miss Ella Maxwell, Miss 
Jennie McNulty, and Miss Mollle McMuIlen. It was 
the last named that Mr. Laiham led to the altar 
and Installed as mistress of his beautiful home. Miss 
McNulty married Mr. Thurlow McMuIlen. But the 
lovely Miss Maxwell, daughter of one of San Fran- 
cisco's most eminent physicians, died In the flush of 
her youth and beauty. 

Adjoining the Latham residence lived another 
banker and his family — Mr. John Parrott. Here for 
many year3 could have been seen six dainty little 
girls with their brother flitting gaily among the 
trees that sheltered their large, substantial home. 
These children have long since grown up and mar- > 
ried. At San Mateo, where most of them have set- 
tled near their mother's stately villa, they form 
quite a colony of their own. 

But the glories of Rincon Hill, like South Park, 
have faded and departed long ago. As the city 
grew and spread, other and more attractive sites 
claimed many of these former residents, or those of 
a newer generation. 

About the last to leave this old neighborhood for 
the more fashionable northwestern end of town were 
Mrs. Peter Donohue and Mrs. Eleanor Martin. These 
ladies were the sisters of Hon. John G. Downey, who 
was one of the early governors of this State. Mr. 
Peter Donohue was founder of the great Union Iron 
Works; he married Miss Annie Downey for his second 
wife. His daughter by a former marriage became 
the wife of Baron "Von Schroeder. James Merwin 
Donohue, his only son. married a daughter of the 
eminent jurist, Hon. Wm. T. Wallace.. Mrs. Wal- 
lace's father was the Hon. Peter H. Burnett, the first 
governor of California. This distinguished gentleman 
came here with his wife and family from Oregon, 
soon after gold was discovered. He first settled in 
San Jose, but later moved to San Francisco. His 
daughter-in-law, Mrs. John M. Burnett, is a proml- 



nent member of the Women's Century Club of Cali- 
fornia. Her talented niece, Mrs. [Catherine M. Nes- 
field, Is also well known in literary circles. 

When the discovery of gold brought the first Im- 
migrants to California, they found throughout the 
country numbers of Spanish settlers, that had come 
here many years before from Mexico. 

Many o^f our first representative men. also distin- 
guished army and navy officers, married the beau- 
tiful dark-eyed daughters of these old grandees. 

Among the most pominent were members of the 
Atherton and Walklnshaw families, who became the 
wives of some of San Francisco's most honored citi- 

Then there was the ever popular Ainla family. 
These ladies were especially noted for their beautiful 
and well cultivated voices. One of these sisters, 
famous for her great beauty as well as delightful 
singing, is the wife of Mr. Ami Vignier, the well 
known merchant of this city. Her magnificent voice 
was formerly heard to great advantage in our church 
choirs, there being an especially devotional character 
to her singing. 

In the French colony of this truly cosmopolitan city 
there were also many ladies gifted with rare musical 
ability. The charming receptions given by the Hahn 
family at their fine old home on Geary street brought 
together most delightfully many distinguished vocal- 
ists. The singing of the two eldest .1 tughters, Mine. 
Ponton de Arce and Mme. Durand, was much ad- 

Many a matron of this city still looks back with 
pleasure to the time when she made her youthful 
triumph and engaged in gay flirtations, at those de- 
lightful soirees given by the vivacious but ever 
amiable Madame Osburne Abbott. How perfectly her 
clear high soprano voice used to blend with the rich 
contralto tones of her daughter Berthe. who after- 
wards became the wife of the successful merchant. 
Mr. Andrew- Welch, of honored memory. Mrs. Welch 
Is now herself a charming hostess, and is also es- 
pecially noted for her benevolence and gener- 
ous gifts to religious institutions. 

But the women of the earlier days of San Fran- 
cisco, besides their hospitable home duties, were ever 
ready, as now. to help in all good and charitable 
enterprises. It was mostly through their energy and 
earnest labors that churches, orphan asylums and 
other benevolent institutions were founded and 
built. Charity fairs were organized and carried on 
successfully by self-sacrificing women, who raised 
In this way large sums of money for these worthy 
objects. One lady, who since the first years of 
this city's existence had been noted for her great 
and unceasing work in the cause of religion and 
charity, modestly remarked once that "she hoped 
she had helped to put at least one brick into each 
building devoted to charity in this town. This 
lady was Mrs. James McNamara. whose home was 
one of the first three built on Van Ness avenue. 
The last years of her life she lived there under the 
shadow of the imposing cathedral which her earnest 
labors and valuable assistance had helped to build. 


- tnbi-r, 1903. 


Page 23 


Her eldest daughter married Mr. R. J. Harrison, 
the distinguished musician, and formerly a promi- 
nent merchant of this cltv. Her mother's mantle 
of charity must certainly have fallen upon Mrs. Har- 
rison, for her purse would have to be of prodigious 
size to answer all the promptings of the kind heart 
and liberal hand of this worthy daughter of a worthy 

Another one of those first homes on van Ness 
avenue was built by the late W. H. Newhall Esq. 
For many years he and his genial, kind-hearted wife 
entertained their many friends there with lavish hos- 
pitality. So many tender associations were attached 
to the old mansion that, though with the march of 
improvements it became necessary lately to push it 
from the old site, their sons could not bear to see 
it demolished. So it has been moved out on Pacific 
avenue, where a member of the family will occupy 
ii as his home. 

Diagonally opposite to Mr. Newhall's place was the 
home of Mr. Tyler Curtis, who was the nephew of a 
former president of the United States. This gentle- 
man married a Spanish lady, the widow of Captain 
Smith who came here before gold was discovered. 
The most brilliant of the many gay festivities given 
in this elegant home was on the occasion of the mar- 
riage of Mrs. Curtis, eldest daughter of Mr. John 
English, a prominent resident of Oakland. 

Captain Smith's attractive granddaughters, the 
favorite "Smith sisters," were also leading belles at 
that time Two of them married successful mining 

■ >t the well 
known capitalist, Mr. E. \Y. Hopkins. 

... but also 
• friend ahe 


husbj;. ..own here in our 

-sed a large fortune in real 

estate ■. eral daughters seem 

of their mother's great 

Another I great benv 

..'. E. Skidmo is known to have given 

away a fortune in charity, even before she came to 
California. Her eldest daughter, the lamented and 
gifted poet, Harriet M. Skidn ■ er ready to 

use her pen in the cause of religion, or for any good 
or noble em. - was one of the first to 

in founding the California Ladles' Magazine. 

ly w generous nature 
and tender heart conld never turn a deaf ear to any 
tale of misery, was Mrs. C. D. Sullivan. Her beauti- 
ful home on Bu eet seemed to be a "haven of 
rest" for all of God's poor. Truly her children, famed 
also for their gen well as talents, "can 
rise up and call her blessed," for she realized most 
perfectly the description given of the "valiant 
woman" in the Bible. 

Also her old time friend, Mrs. Richard Tobin 
(widow of the well known land and bank attorney), 
always among the first to come forward and 
help In every religious or charitable work. Mrs. 
Tobin's family are now numbered among the leaders 
of the "smart set" of San Francisco. Miss Agnes, 
her eldest daughter, is also making quite a name 
for herself in literary circles. 

Out at the mission, under the shadow of the old 
Mission Dolores church, built by the great Junipero 
Sera over a hundred years ago, dwelt many of our 
prominent early citizens. Here was the home of 
Judge Hoff on Hon? avenue, and here his talented 
family drew around them their cultured and refined 

Not far from the old Hoff mansion, on Valencia 
and Seventeenth streets, was the residence of the 
late Mr. and Mrs. James Phelan. Most cordially 
entertained were their hosts of friends whenever they 
visited this beautiful place, none more beautiful 
even now in that part of town. Brilliant was the 
wedding reception given here, when their daughter 


married Hon. Frank J. Sullivan. Their distinguished 
son, James D. Phelan, was re-elected twice to the 
office of mayor of San Francisco. 

In this locality also lived pretty and vivacious An- 
nie McGeoghegan. This former San Francisco belle 
married Mr. Bernard Murphy of San Jose (who be- 
longed to a noted pioneer family), and became a 
leader of society In the Garden City. But she was 
also greatly beloved for her generosity and benevo- 

On Taylor 6treet, from Jackson up to Sacramento 
street, was once a favorite locality with many of 
our best families. Here were the elegant homes of 
Mr. J. B. Haggln, Mr. Lloyd Tevls, Mr. John P. 
Buckley and Hon. Wm. T. Coleman. Their social 
evening receptions were always attended and en- 
joyed by a large circle of friends. 

"Nob Hill," as the eastern Blope of California street 
is familiarly called, came into prominence after the 
Southern Pacific Overland Railroad was built. Sev- 
eral of its directors, who had made Immense for- 
tunes through this great enterprise, chose this com- 
manding site for their homes. One of the finest of 
these magnificent mansions was built by the late 
Governor Stanford. 

In memory of an only son, whose 6ad death oc- 
curred Ju6t before he reached manhood, Stanford 
University was founded by the bereaved parents, at 
Palo Alto. Since the death of her husband Mrs. 
Stanford has deeded her entire fortune to this great 

Another lady, Mrs. Phoebe Hearst, widow of a 
distinguished pioneer, is also expending Immense 
sums on the University of California at Berkeley. 
Both of these ladies are doing great work for the 
advancement of education In this State. 

This Is a faint outline, a simple sketch, of a few 
of the noble women who have helped to earn for 
this Queen City of the Pacific a good and great 
name. Many came here in that period of its rude- 
ness and newness, or in those first struggling years 
of lis growth, but the impressions of their many 
good and generous deeds last through all of Times 
changes. Like a tree planted on the banks of a 
flowing river, the waters are continually moving on, 
but the reflection of the tree ever remains upon its 
surface; and so we see the good works and sterling 
qualities of these pioneer women reflected In the 
character and lives of another generation. And San 
Francisco has justly earned the name of being to-day 
the most charitable and hospitable city in the world. 



i, hei vi iv bi bI advertisi meni 
has then been woman who looks so 
young and beautiful at 4^ ns shi The 
pure, fresh an. i exquisite loveliness of 
her compli xlon Is Indeed wonderful, 
In offering to make other women beautl 
mi ii. can well afford t" present her 
si-if as a sample of her succi Then I 
no other woman In this profession who 
,-.!i, repn 31 nl her 11 ■ a 1 menl and busi- 
ness ms Mrs, 11.11 rlson, Others claim to 
make you beautiful or teach you how 10 
obtain a perfect figure, ladies, DON'T 
he deceived 1.00k around iind • 1 who 
will suffer by comparison. Ask vour- 
s.-ir. does not one have to be intelligent 
to tench others how to be beautlful7 
Ladles, call and Bee for yourselves. Hun- 
dreds of ladles may be found during the 
ciav treating an.l purchasing. Among 
this vast throng will be found ladles Of 
nil ages and conditions In life, lml with 
one object In view, anil that n most 
praiseworthy one— how to Improve tin- 
personal appearance, restore and pre- 
serve their own Youth. 


4 Days Enough 

To restore your gray or faded 
hair to its natural youthful col- 
or, with Mrs. Nettle Harrisons 
4-dav Hair Restorer. Not a dye, 
but a harmless preparation that 
leaves the hair free from seal- 
ment. Cleanly to use. No In- 
convenience. $1.00 






This invigorating and marvelous prep- 
aration restores the complexion in 9 
short time to its former youthful condi- 
tion. Prevents Wrinkles, feeding the 
Hungry Skin and Muscles. One appli- 
cation of the Skin Food acts like a 
charm. $0.75 pot lasts three months. All 

»—_-,_■ Ladles out of city send- 

I |>|2|l int.- this ad., with 10 cents 

N 1 IUI in stamps, will receive a 

book of instructions and a 


IfVA and Face Powder Free. 



40 Geary Street, San Francisco 


Page 24 


December, 1903 

Grand President 

Native Daughters Golden West 


The Observance of Pioneer Day was very general 
this year throughout the Order. Our members en- 
gaged In considerable research so as to find appro- 
prlate I'allfornla poems for the occasion. 

Not e few "i" the Native Daughters applied to 
the Grand Secretary, Laura J. Frakes, and to me for 
selections In either prose or poetry for the 9th of 
September program. Bret Harte, Edwin Markham. 
Edward R. Gill, Charles H. Shinn, Anna Morrison 
Reed. Lillian H. Shuey. Ina D. Coolbrlth and Joaquin 
Miller will repay the one who seeks the pure gold 
of California sentiment and enthusiasm. 

As typical of the spirit of Admission Day celebra- 
tions and nloneer reunions, nothing can he more in 
keeping with the season than Joaquin Miller's "Men 
of '49." This Is republished by special request in this 
number of the California Ladies' Magazine. The 
poem was set to music by the composer, Leila France 
McDermott. and was played in the California build- 
ing al the World's Fair, also at the California Mid- 
winter Fair. 

Mrs. McDermott sought to gain my interest In her 
work, and asked that the Native Daughters should 
adopt her song, If possible, as part of the Order's 
observance of Pioneer Day. She also sought the 
Native Daughters' influence In Introducing the song 
Into the public schools of the State. In regard to 
the schools. I referred Mrs. McDermott to our local 
Superintendent of Schools — a loyal Native Son. 
Hon. William E. Langdon— who since has signified 
his approval of the Introduction of the "Men of "49" 
Into the schools. 

It was a pleasure to refer Mrs. McDermott to our 
worthy Grand President Flnkeldey, as the only one 
who could give official sanction to the Introduction 
of the song into the programs of the Order. The 
Grand President has expressed himself as favorably 
impressed with the composition, and has promised 
to commend it to the attention of the Order. 

Speaking of Joaquin Miller reminds me that in 
the complete edition of his poems may be found an 
exhaustive history of the early Arbor Day movement 
In California, a movement In which the Poet of the 
Sierras took a leading part. 

Our order stands committed to the preservation 
of our forests, the planting of trees, and the reserving 
of our California wild (lowers. 

Now that the rains have begun, it will be well for 
the subordinate Parlors that contemplate holding 
Arbor Days to make some arrangements for the 
same as soon as possible. 

For the full history of Arbor day in our Order see re- 
port of Grand President Keith in Grand Parlor Pro- 
ceedings. 1903. from which let me make the follow- 
ing extracts: 

"Many years ago California felt the wave of en- 
thusiasm in regard to Arbor Day observance, and 
under the Inspiration of Joaquin Miller and other 
notable men and women, Goat Island was planted 
with trees, many of which perished in a Are which 
swept over the island. Oakland and its school 
children had its Arbor Days. William T. Coleman 
enforested San Rafael with miles of eucalyptus. 
Frank S. Johnson enarbored one of the main roads of 
Marin County. Trees were planted at the Presidio, 
and other sections of California have felt the bene- 
flcient influences of the Arbor Day movement. The 
Town and Gown Club of Berkeley have done noble 
work in arousing public sentiment to an apprecia- 
tion of sylvan beauty. The members have planted 
trees, they have sown wild flowers. All honor to 

"At the Grand Parlor at Stockton in 1899. T had the 
honor to say: 1 would that each session of the Grand 
Parlor be marked by the planting of a memorial tre°. 
Indeed, I would broaden this suggestion to the effect 
that all subordinate Parlors should plant a Parlor 
tree.' I also had the honor of introducing a resolution 
to the effect that each Grand Parlor should plant a 
memorial tree in the place where Its sessions were 
held. The resolution was literally laughed to death, 
and died upon the table, as has done many another 
patient of an experimental surgeon. But ideas do 
not die — they are the deathless germs of thought, and 
at the proper time their vitality asserts Itself." 

Many have been the inquiries as to "when the 
Proceedings will be out?" 

It should be remembered that the book for this year 
Is larger than any other year. The Grand President's 
report itself covers more pages than some of the 
proceedings of previous years have contained from 
opening to the close. 

This year, following the precedent years, 

the Grand President was ible foi he] 

.. the proof reading. What it h 
and eyesight to read the galleys for over 800 
pages of fine type — not once — but in some cases tbxei 
■■:-■. may be imagined. 
Did you ever read the essay on the "Total Deprav- 
ity of Human Beings?" It most aptly applies in the 
case of proofreading. 

The Native Daughters in the Southern part of Cal- 
ifornia have always been especially active in histor- 
ical research, and giving practical demonstrations 
of public spirit. 

On more than one occasion I have referred to 
Buena Ventura Parlor, and its excellent work under 
the leadership of Grand President Cora B. Sifford. 
The Native Daughters of Los Angeles have been mak- 
ing a name for themselves in civic fields; the latest 
being their participation in the successful effort to 
erect an immense flag staff to mark the historic spot 
of old Fort Moore, which was named in honor of 
Captain Benjamin D. Moore. 

The fort was begun by General Kearney, completed 
under the direction of Lieutenant Davidson, on July 
4. 1847, and there Fourth of July was first cele- 
brated In Los Angeles, and on this day the American 
flag was raised in Fort Moore by Lieutenant David- 

The patriotic work of commemorating the spot has 
been undertaken by the Parlors of the Native Sons 
and the Native Daughters of the Golden West. Upon 
the Joint committee to arrange for the erection of the 
flagstaff and the formal flag raising. La Esperanza 
No. 24. N. D. G. W., is represented by Mrs. Franc Simp- 
son and Miss Sadie Rios. and Los Angeles Parlor, No. 
124. by Mrs. A. K. Prather, Mrs. L. K. Foster, Mrs. 
Rose Brookings, Miss Grace Culberth, Miss A. I. Demp- 
sey. The success of the project has been due largely 
to the efforts of Mrs. Prather, who, with Miss Anna 
I. Dempsey, was a delegate to the Grand Parlor at 
Red Bluff, and who will ever be remembered for their 
fraternal and patriotic and successful attempt to 
have the delegates of the Grand Parlor present a 
handsome silk flag to Berenda Parlor. 

Were more of our Order engaged in the work so 
earnestly advocated and so successfully executed by 
our Sisters south of Tehachapi it would be a great 
gain, not only to our Order, but to the entire State. 

Grand Secretary. 

The latest grand Parlor was favorable to the idea 
of a Native Daughter postal card, and appointed a 
committee to arrange for publication of the same. 
The matter is still under consideration. Such a 
postal card should contain more than a pretty design. 
It should be distinctively Callfornian, and typical of 
the Order; a set of such cards should contain a view 
of Mt. Shasta, the Big Trees, an orange tree, a gold 
mine, the harbor of San Francisco, and — but who 
would know where to stop or what to choose? Cer- 
tainly we could not have a typical California postal 
card without the golden blossoms that have been 
chosen for the State flower. 

Some years ago there was a determined effort on 
the part of the writing women of the State to re- 
store to our golden blossom Its typical Spanish name. 
in place of the general juggle of German consonants 
with which it had been afflicted In order to compli- 
ment the scientist who first classified it in the flora 
of the new world. 

The Order of N. D. G. W. has honored itself by 
honoring the State flower, thus naming Parlors after 
the "Blossom of the Gold." and we have three sub- 
ordinates to "bear the name along" — Amapola Par- 
lor, No. 80, at Sutter Creek; Copa de Ora, No. 105. 

Grand Vice-President 

Holllster. and Eschscholtzia, No. 10, at Etna Mills, 
present the different appellations by which the pop- 
py is known. The representative flower of our Ord- 
er Is the California poppy, and one of the most beau- 
tiful charges in our ritual is delivered before the 
Poppy Banner. Perhaps more than any other one 
agency potent In dropping the foreign name for 
the home term, "California poppy," Is the souvenir 
postal card originally and chiefly designed for the 
tourist trade. 

Speaking of banners. Grand Secretary Frakes in- 
formed me that the action of the last Grand Parlor 
in instructing the subordinate Parlors to provide 
themselves with the regulation banners as set forth 
in the ritual, had occasioned much Interest and active 
correspondence in the order; that at last some defi- 
nite figures have been received, and that if fifty 
sets are ordered, the rate will be far less than any 
individual Parlor could make a set. The material, 
style, execution, all will be of the highest grade, and 
the cost will include banners, poles, standards, and 
boxing for shipment. 

It is to be hoped that the opportunity will be appre- 
ciated. Our O rder ought to send out full equipment 
of banners and regalia, as well as supplies, for the 
institution of a new Parlor, and allow the Parlor 
time in which to pay for the same in monthly in- 

Many questions have reached me regarding a 
"Zincograph." It will be remembered that the last 
Grand Parlor adopted the suggestion of the Grand 
President that Parlors would provide themselves 
with a facsimile of their official seal, for use in cir- 
culars and postals. As it well known, it injures a seal 
press to use it upon tickets and postals, yet all official 
documents should bear the official seal. The idea is 
to have a copy of the Parlor seal made, in reduced di- 
mensions, mounted on a block, and used by the print- 
er when he p rints Parlor announcements or postal 
cards. Such a course is followed by other societies. 
After the zincograph has been made, it is possible 
to reproduce from it a rubbed stamp facsimile which 
can be used just as any other rubber stamp. 

The possession of a zincograph is a greater neces- 
sity for Parlors of large membership than for small 
Parlors, whose secretaries find it not onerous to write 
the necessary notices and thereon place the seal. 

Alta Parlor, No. 3. stands at the head of the Order, 
numerically and financially. Over three hundred 
names are now in its roll. Its proud position finan- 
cially is due to the wisdom Alta Parlor has dis- 
played of allowing the individual member to pas 
her own per capita lax — to charge it against her 
dues. Nearly every Parlor considers the per capita 
tax as part of the current expenses of the Parlor, 
and pays it out of the treasury. The wisdom of this 
plan is open to doubt, since it is always an effort to 
keep the sick fund in a flourishing condition, and 
there are always some members who, though they do 
not hesitate to draw their sick benefits promptly 
enough, never do anything more for their Parlor than 
to pay their dues. Upon a few devolves the burden of 
booming the Parlor treasury. They are the members 
who ought to be compelled to pay their per capita 
lax. It is customary in many other organizations 
for the subordinate branches to pay the per capita, 
through the individual members. 

Such custom prevails in the clubs belonging to the 
General Federation of Women's Hubs. Our Worthy 
Grand President has rendered a decision that the 
Cammetti Grand Parlor Death Benefit Fund is to be 
paid by the individual members. 

Flag Day wa s generally celebrated by the Order. 
At this meeting Grand Secretary Frakes has sent out 
the customary notices to the subordinate Parlors, 
calling their attention to the fact that Thanksgiving 
season has been set apart for special observance by 
the Order. 

Don't forget Arbor Day, and remember to give the 
children the Birthday party. 

J* J* Jt 

"The love of order and respect for law," says Mrs. 
Florence Howe Hall, "are nowhere more plainly visi- 
ble than among club women. The zeal with which we 
study parliamentary law. our Interest in the election 
of officers, and earnest desire to conduct our meetings 
in the best and most approved way, bear ample wit- 
ness to this. Yet the treatment of a club member by 
another may be parliamentary In the strictest sense 
of the term, and yet may be lacking in the kindness 
which is an essential part of good-breeding. The 
small conventions of every-day life are as Important 
In the club world as in that of society." 

December, 1903. 


Page 25 

Page 26 


December, 1903 


Auxiliary to the Grand Army of the Republic 

MRS. CARRIE EY, Chaplain. 

The covenant of the Woman's Relief Corps Id as 
pure and exalting as a Sabbath psalm. For no taint 
of seinshness can mingle with Its high purpose. The 
Corps is the handmaiden of the Grand Army of the 
Republic In all its good work, and her deeds are as 
sweet as the aroma of clover fields in spring. The 
basic principle of the organization Is "One Banner, 
One Being, One Freedom, One Faith." It teaches les- 
sons In patriotism by cherishing the proud and ten- 
der memories of our heroes who wrote with fingers of 
blood a new and sacred anthem of Liberty. In per- 
petuating all the glory that the Grand Old Army won, 
for the vast unlaureled dead that are shrined in the 
heart and the living braves that wait, It inspires the 
rising generation with deeper reverence for the in- 
stitutions of government. 

J* JX J» 

The national organization of the Woman's Relief 
Corps was instituted in Denver, Colorado, in August. 

1883, at which time all State organizations came un- 
der the supervision of the national order. The first 
corps In California, the Heintzlman, was organized in 
San Diego; the second corps to be formed was the 
Phil Sheridan, In San Jose. Both were organized be- 
fore the national organization, under the instructions 
received from Massachusetts, as that Is the oldest 
State in Relief Corps work. 

Lincoln No. 3, auxiliary to the Lincoln Post of 
San Francisco, was the first corps in this Department, 
organized under national authority on March 21st, 

1884. It started with sixty charter members, Mrs. 

•Elizabeth D'Arcy Kinne was Its first president; to her 
untiring efforts, executive ability and patriotic fervor 
Is largely due the phenomenal achievements of this 
corps. It Is composed of strong, enthusiastic mem- 
bership, who are In love with the work. Lincoln Corps 
has expended twenty thousand dollars In the care of 
the needy veteran of the War of the Rebellion and his 
dependents. During the first year of its existence 
It contributed seven hundred dollars towards furnish- 
ing bedding, etc.. for the Veterans" Home at 
Yountville, at that time a struggling Institution. 
Lincoln Corps also conceived the Idea of erecting a 
permanent monument to the "Unknown Dead," and 
together with Garfield and Meade Corps a lasting tri- 
bute to "those who sleep in unknown graves" has 
been placed by the three corps named. In the Grand 
Army plot In the Odd Fellows' Cemetery. San Fran- 
cisco. This monument was dedicated with befitting 
ceremonies on Memorial Day, 1S93. and each succeed- 
ing year sweet, fragrant flowers are placed around 
It In memory of some loved one, whose grave the 
tears of mother, wife or child can never moisten. 
Lincoln Corps can truly point with pride to Its past 
record, which Is at once a promise and a prophecy 
of its future. 

Jl Jf Jt 

From this date Relief Corps work rapidly spread 
throughout the State. Within three months the fol- 
lowing corps had joined the march: John A. Dlx of 
San Jose, Appomattox and Logan of Oakland and 
Frank Bartlett of Los Angeles. 

A Provisional Department was organized In Au- 
gust, 1884, with Mrs. Elizabeth D'Arcy Kinne, pro- 
visional president. She had under her charge six 
corps with full authority to organize others through- 
out the State. 

In February 1885, the Department of California 
and Nevada was organized, and Mrs. Kinne was 
elected Department president, which office she held 

Senior Vice-President, Stanton Corps, No. 6. 

Past Department President, 

until March, 1886. The Department then numbered 
twenty-one corps; at the present time there are sixty- 
two corps in the Department, with a membership of 

je jt ji 

The General George G. Meade Corps No. 61, aux- 
iliary to the Meade Post of San Francisco, was re- 
organized February 26, 1903. with a charter list of 
twenty-five members. Mrs. Kinne was the organizing 
and installing officer and the new corps, with sails 
full set, was launched under promising conditions. 

The president, Mrs. Bessie Johnson, Is an indefat- 
igable worker for the cause, and under her wise and 
gentle administration the corps is certain to grow 
till It becomes a positive factor in the wondrous in- 
terlacements of patriotism and progress. Mrs. 
Johnson has been loyally and ably assisted In estab- 
lishing this corps by Mrs. Anna H. Leavltt, the treas- 
urer, and Mrs. Kate J. Woods, the conductor. Other 
officers of the corps are: Martha P. Owen, senior vice 
president: Anna Page, junior vice president; Florence 
Barnes, secretary; Josephine Coles, chaplain; Corine 
Croal, guard; Margaret Miller, assistant conductor: 
Mary A. Rogers, assistant guard: Flora A. Bowley, 
patriotic Instructor and organist; Louise Miller. Vio- 
let Salter. Florence Dermody and Almee Johnson, 
color bearers. 

To the Department of California, Woman's Relief 
Corps, belongs the honor of establishing the first 
home for the destitute widows, wives, mothers, maid- 
en sisters and daughters of the Union veterans and 
army nurses. The idea of. such a home was present- 
ed by Mrs. Kinne at the Department Convention held 
in Los Angeles In February. 1SSC. At a Joint camp 
fire of the W. R. C. and G. A. R. held at Hazard Pa- 
vilion, February 23. Mrs. Kinne made some Stirring 
remarks regarding the proposed home, at the close of 
which E. B. Spence. president of the First National 
Bank, arose and stated that if the lady who had just 
spoken would call at his bank at eleven o'clock the 
next morning he would give her one hundred dollars 
for the cause In which she was interested. It is need- 
less to say that Mrs. Kinne was on time, and received 
the first cash donation to the home. The second do- 
nation of one hundred dollars was given by Mrs. 
Emma McAuley of Lincoln Corps. 

The State appropriated ten thousand dollars to- 
ward the building of the home. The Corps of the 

MRS. FLORA A. BOWLEY, Organist. 

State, through various means, added $15,000 more to 
the building fund. It is maintained partlj by the 
State and partly by monthly donations from the va- 
rious corps. 

The home is located in the beautiful Santa Clara 
Valley, in the little town of Evergreen, and Is most 
favorably situated under the foothills. It has five 
acres of ground, upon which are grown all kinds of 
fruits and vegetables for the use of the home family. 
One of the inmates, the widow of a veteran and 
mother of three veterans, is possessed of all her 
faculties, and is very grateful for the comfortable 
home provided. 

JH J* jt 

The Department since its organization has ren- 
dered assistance to 16,722 soldiers and members of 
their families, the amount expended in this relief 
work reaching the munificent sum of $78,954.40 in 
money, and $31,986.77 in other wa- s. 

Their motto is "Fraternity, Charity and Loyalty," 
and in the practice of these attributes the members 
desire to make themselves worthy to be called the 
true auxiliary of the Grand Army of the Republic. 

"Would I might utter all my heart can feel. 
But there are thoughts weak words will not reveal; 
The rarest fruitage is the last to fall, 
The strongest language has no words at all." 


President Stanton Corps, No. 6, Los Angeles. 

December, 1903 


Page 27 




Thi i ommerclal as 

th rellgiom • i L The m ns 

ong-i ■ I I M toma that bad nothing i" commend 
m. are being laid aside, forgotten. 
Thin Is a* it should he. In til - find 

,;,,i only thi o rterday. but the wisdom 

of to -da) B their adoption and wise utilization we 
shall move forward tep will be a decided 

ei ihe years that lie behind 
us is our recognition Of woman. How she has forged 
.1,.,, i i M these latter times! She Is found In nearly 
every department of human endeavor, every profession 
and pursuit Ifl feeling the refining Influence of her 
gentle touch. Woman Is achieving notable success 
In .cii. In literature. In science. I" the ranks of the 
gold producers. Sh- Is able to bring things to pass, 
and many of the stronger sex are left In the race 
when measuring swords with a woman. 

We were profoundly impressed with the force of 
our own reasoning during a recent visit to one of tne 
most successful enterprises to be found in San Fran- 
cisco, an Institution conducted exclusively by women, 
The company was Incorporated by a woman, the 
Board of Directors are all women; the stockholders 
are of the gentler sex. The presiding genius Is Mrs. 
Wh, <-lock. to whom is largely due the credit "or 
bringing this progressive Institution. The La Verite 
Toilet Company, to Us present prosperous and high 
state of efficiency. The company occupies elaborately 
arranged and admirably equipped parlors at No. ID 
Kearney street. They are without doubt the most 
spacious and the most elegant In the city; all tne 
appointments are thoroughly modern, and every rje- 
partment is In charge of a competent attendant 

The Department of Dermatology is a revelation in 
Itself; It's here that the old are made ypung again; 
youth Is truly renewed. The uncomely are retouched 

and caused uitlfol as the laughing 

nymphs of to-day. It's no exaggeration to 
wrinkles, Bears, freckles, moles and all that Is 
sightly, and that tends to disfigure, are removed, 
- of their presence Is effectually 
). and the skin is toned and made as smooth 

The La Verite Toilet Company also conducts an ex- 
tensive laboratory for the manufacture of high - 
toilet preparations; their rapid sale and extent of 
territory covered representing nearly every state In 
the Union, furnishes another evidence of the rare 
business sense and wealth-getting abilities of this 
womanized Institution. 

The company has Incorporated a most commendable 
Idea In the furtherance of its plans, namely, a rest 
room for ladles: a retreat where the weary shopper 
may "catch her breath" and refill the tank of energy. 
An information bureau Is maintained; points of In- 
ten rt are made known to strangers; places of amuse- 
ment, suitable hotels and boarding houses, and In- 
formation of a general character Is cheerfully fur- 

A purchasing agency has been established by tins 
many-sided Institution. They are associated with all 
the wholesalers, and are prepared to furnish to out- 
of-town pttrona anything from an infant's wardrobe 
to a wedding trousseau. 

Mrs. Wheelock, the President of the Company. 
ducts a school where ladies are taught all the Im- 
portant arts involved in the care of the skin, sculp 
and complexion, hair dressing and manli u 

Last, but not least, the La Verite Toilet Company 

Is .i financial su >ss. It Is now a dividend p 

Institution, which effectually clinches the argument 
that women can really accomplish results In the 
world of finance. 





We have written about what the 
women have in California — their char- 
itable organizations, social clubs, fra- 
ternal orders, etc., and now propose 
to say something about their taste for 
music, its culture and development. 
The ladies of California are good 
judges of music and musical instru- 
ments. They were given an" early 
musical tialnlng, and the great ma- 
jority of them graduated with high 
artistic honors from our colleges, and 
achieved fame as musicians. In 
California we have the best musical 
Institutes, and ninety per cent of 
the homes on the Pacific Coast have 
pianos. The question is: Where do 
they come from? This question an- 
swers itself, when it Is known that 
the Girard Piano Company has tne 
largest ground floor of any music es- 
tablishment on the Pacific Coast, and 
sells as many pianos as any other 
store in the West. The reason for 
this large demand for pianos is that 
our people are highly cultivated. In- 
tellectually, morally and musically. 

Musk- appeals to the emotions, to the 
soul, and the possession of a musical 
taste stamps the Individual as a su- 
perior and refined being. The artistic 
culture of the ladles of California and 
of the Pacific Coast is shown by the 
number of pianos sold, and the In- 
creasing demand for them. The main 
reason for this increase is the suprlor 
excellence of the Instruments. The 
Girard Piano Company, of Oaklana, 
California, carries in its stock fifteen 
different makes — all from the best 
factories In the United States. The 
endorsement of Colonel John E. Fox, 
the affable and trustworthy manager 
of the house, is a sufficient guarantee. 
By his fair dealing and integrity hL- 
li.i -.lined the confidence of the 
women of California and of the Pa- 
cific Coast, and has built up a large 
and increasing business. As evidence 
of the growng success of the house. 
it may be stated for the information 
of its numerous patrons, that arter 
the first of January next, a large 
number of musical instruments of ait 
kinds will be added, and all the best 
music by the most noteil composers. 
The house will also open a mail order 
department, and ship goods to any 
part of the United States, and our 
new possessions In the Pacific 





How Fashions Blazing Spbndor Blinds the Public 


> I 



Gala was the opening night of the Duss concerts, 
whither we went supposedly to see Duss lead that 
wonderful aggregation of artists, the Metropolitan 
orchestra, but as was later shown, to see and hear 
Nordica. It was society's nignt, and society was 
there to claim it with tasty yet brilliant display. 

When Nordica made her appearance one's breath 
was taken away by the dazzling brilliancy displayed. 
After many encores her exit left one reflecting upon 
the vast wealth In jewelry displayed, not only by 
that noted singer, but by the well dressed audience 
as well, until the idea that perhaps a large propor- 
tion of the jewels were not genuine became dom- 
inant. The thought became so fixed that partly 
through curiosity, but more to receive authoritative 
information. I called upon Alexandra, the well known 
jeweler, at 754 Market street, who makes a specialty 
of manufactured diamonds and pearls. 

"No," said Mr. Alexandra, In response to my query, 
"I am not surprised at your question, for it is one 
we are required to answer frequently. To make me 
assertion that all jewelry that one sees at a Nordica 
recital, a Grau or Conrled Grand Opera night, or a 
Columbia 'first night,' are genuine is as mistaken an 
Idea as to say that they were all Imitation. 

"The public gape and stars at the dazzling society 
woman as she steps from her carriage to enter tne 
theater, marveling at such scintillating grandeur. In 
these days of dextrous thieves and bold robberies 
there are few women possessing wealth in jewelry 
who would dare wear all their gems publicly. Ks- 
ially is this the case In family jewels, which, al- 
though of great intrinsic value, are far more highly 
prized an an heirloom. 

"The greater proportion of our clientele are tht 
women In California who own costly jewelry, and were 
the truth known more than half of the beautiful 
necklaces, tiaras, ropes of pearls and corsages, wnicn 
are so much admired, are our own productions." 

"What is the relative value between the real gem 
and your manufactured diamonds?" 

"That Is very hard to estimate, as there Is far more 
difficulty in the manufacture of one gem than an- 

other. The hardest stone we find to copy perrectly 
is the emerald, which, by the way, is the most ex- 
pensive. Even In the most valuable a slight flaw is 
almost always found, and of course we must repro- 
duce these defects as well." 

"In regard to duplicating these expensive jewels, 
don't you feel a great responsibility while In the pos- 
session of valuable heirlooms?" 

"The truth Is, we never see the originals any mor« 
than we see a great majority of the owners. When 
a request for this kind of work Is made, we send our 
artist to the home or safe deposit vault. He makes 
a pen and ink drawing of the piece of jewelry. A 
detailed description of every stone is given, including 
flaws and irregularities. Our workmen do the rest. 

"But. Mr. Alexandra, what is the Alexandra dia- 
mond and pearl?" 

"The pearl Is a composition composed for the mosi 
part of pigskin and silver. There is a certain species 
of fish which Inhabit the wa' ?rs of the Eastern and 
Southern seas where our best pearls are found, whose 
scales contain a great deal of the macreous matter 
of the real pearl itself, and this, with other Ingredi- 
ents make the pearl that contains all the lustrous 
sheen, durability and hardness of the genuine pearls. 

"Without entering Into a scientific dissertation on 
the manufacture of the Alexandra diamonds, I will 
say that they are formed in much the same manner 
as the experiments that are being successfully maae 
to make genuine diamonds. Of course, only very 
small stones have been made, for It requires a tem- 
perature of 10.000 degrees Fahrenheit, while radium 
only gives us C.000 degrees. Now. by reducing tne 
heat to a lower temperature we are enabled to make 
the Alexandra diamond, which, when out. polished 
and faceted In the same manner as the genuine dia- 
monds, are as brilliant and lustrous in appearance. 

"Our designs are not onlv the highest creation or 
our designers skill, but we are directly lo touch with 
European centers, and the sea of approval Is no 
sooner set by fashion than a reproduction is sent to 
our establishments. So we All a unique yet necessary 
place In the business world." 

Page 28 


December. 1903. 



Another star has been added to the 
galaxy of California talent, a star of 
the first magnitude as well, In the per- 
son of MJ88 Matilda Lotz. 

Although Miss Lotz was born in 
Tennessee, she was brought to Cali- 
fornia while only a babe In arms. She 
herself claims to be a native of our 
State, and California may well be 
proud of presenting to the world Its 
second Rosa Bonheur. One could 
hardly wish for a higher title. Added 
to her talent she has a genuine love 
for the animals she so faithfully re- 
produces for us, In so much so that In 
addition to her studio in Paris she has 
what one might call a menagerie of 

We are told by a friend that while 
still a tiny tot she was the despair of 
her teachers, for Instead of trying to 
master the three R's she would spend 
her time drawing animals around the 
pages of her books. All sorts of 
queer animals, some quite unknown to 
the scientists, but her specialty was 
pigs. A procession of pigs would wan- 
der around the pages of her second 
reader, or up and down the margin of 
her arithmetic. Fat and lean pigs, 
long and short ones, and so well done 
one could almost hear them grunt. 

Finding that her love for art In- 
creased, It was deemed advisable to 
cultivate her talent, and she was sent 
to the old school of design, where she 
studied under Virgil Williams, and Im- 
mediately made great progress. At 
the exhibition of the local artists, her 
picture of a horse was awarded the 
gold medal for general excellence given 
toy William Alvord. Later, with the 
advice of Mr. Williams, she was rec- 
ommended to go to Paris and take up 
art seriously. Good advice, as it 
proved, for after a year's study she 
had two pictures admitted to the Salon. 
'In Paris Miss Lotz studied for some 
time In the Julian Academy, later under 
Van Marcke, but her work, unlike that 
of Van Marcke, who Is renowned as 
a colorlst, seems to be influenced more 
by that of Rosa Bonheur, who, from 
the first, was to Miss Lotz a faithful 
friend, and a valuable adviser. Up to 
the date of Miss Bonheur's death these 
two artists were firm friends and dally 
associates. Miss Lotz. like her friend, 
early decided not to wed. fancying that 
a divided attention would be a draw- 
back to her chosen and much loved art, 
so, while she always has many friends, 
and Is not an old maid In any sense of 
the word, she Is still single. More- 
over. In spite of the artistic tempera- 
ment, there has been no rumor of a 

The romance of her life Is perhaps 
centered in her extensive Interests, her 
travels, her several studies, and her 
numerous pets of beautiful horses and 

The Baroness Rothschild gave her a 
commission to paint a favorite and 
beautiful St. Bernard, and the noble 
animal became so attached to Miss 
Lotz that the Baroness presented him 
to her. For many years he was her 
devoted and untiring companion. I 
am sure many of us remember the 
beautiful animal escorting his be- 

Who Has Won Distinguished Honors in the Art Salons of Paris. 

loved mistress in a manner at once so 
dignified and so proud. • 

Dogs and oxen are her favorite sub- 
jects, but she has painted many 
horses. The Duke and Duchess of 
Portland have a number of her works 
taken from the racing stable of their 
country estate near Paris. She stopped 
for a time in Budapest, where Count 
Esterhazy, the head of the govern- 
ment, next in power to the Emperor, 
Francis Joseph admired her work so 
much he ordered a studio built for her. 
The Emperor himself gave her sev- 
eral commissions. Mrs. Phoebe Hearst 
is also a warm admirer and personal 
friend of Miss Lotz. Two canvasses, 
one of a Jersey calf and one of hunting 
dogs, have been presented by Mrs. 
Hearst to the Mark Hopkins Institute 
of Art. Each year Miss Lotz sends 
to the Salon, and has received from 
that high authority much gratifying 
praise and many medals. 

Miss Lotz Insists that there is an 
individuality among the dumb beasts 
quite as pronounced as among human 
beings. To the ordinary person a cow 
Is merely a cow, or a dog, a dog— al- 

lowing of course, for different kinds 
of breed — but to Miss Lotz each cow 
or dog has its own individuality. 

She pays as much attention to catch- 
ing their different expressions as would 
a portrait painter to his sitter. Per- 
haps that is the reason why they stand 
out for us on the canvases so start- 
lingly true to life. She loves them 
that are patient, and makes us love 
them, too. A great gift in worthy hands. 

Miss Lotz is at present in Algiers, 
painting camels. A copy of one of 
her latest pictures is here presented. 
One misses in the copy the beautifu' 
creamy effect of the atmosphere seen 
in the original. 

From drawing pigs In California to 
painting camels in Algiers is a far 
cry, and we may be sure that in the 
Intervening years there has been many 
a month of study, many a day of hard 
work and close application, and many 
an hour of discouragement, but in the 
end success has crowned her efforts. 
Not only California, but the whole 
world extends Its greetings and Its 
praise to Miss Matilda Lotz, the sec- 
ond Rosa Bonheur of the world. 



This Morris chnlr Is solidly 
constructed of weathered oak, 
finest sleel springs and best of 
curled hair, while the cover is 
of finest Spanish leather— 
marnon. We also have other 
shades. It i's a $31 value. 

The slmpie beauty of Mission 
furniture holds It in a justly 
high position. It is gaining In 
favor daily. PATTOSIEN'S 
Mission furniture is manufac- 
tured In the Mission district of 
San Francisco and it just stands 
to reason that It allows of a 
moneyed saving. 

We get our materials by 
water. We use only the flnesi 
of curled hair and guaranteed 
steel springs. In fact, every 
piece uf our upholstered furni- 
ture bears a ten-year guaran- 
tee. You can't wear out the 
solid oak pieces. 

Send for our catalogue of Mis- 
sion Furniture. It Is fully illus- 
trated, showing hundreds of 
beautiful pieces. No one should ... 
be without it if at all Interested, M 
It is yours for a postal. l£h 


Weathered Oah Desk 

This writing desk of odd de- 
sign Is a very decorative piece 
of Mission Furniture. It Is 
beautifully finished and makes a 
splendid Christmas gift for any- 

It Is well worth $16. but we 
sell it for $13.50. because we do 
a strictly cash business— don't 
need to give credit. We do not 
belong to the furniture combine 
and sell our own make of fur- 
niture at a good fair profit. It 
will pay you to get our cata- 
logue It costs you nothing. 

We are equally well equipped 
to sell other furniture at a sav- 
ing—anything In furniture, 
carpets and draperies. We have 
ciiuioguto— nit, it free— write 
and tell us what you are Inter- 
ested In if you can't call. 


Cor. 1 6th and Mission 



December, 1903 


Page 29 




he Eastern Star has 

on the Pacific 

a Ion of the 

£ and, lii proportion to 

popul 'tii. i:. perl lifornia i-- 


,, • hundred in ty-flv« 

, tptert in Hi.- State, with a total 

membership "i about seventeen thou- 

I i ml the membership Increases al 

the i thousand every 

year. There are eleven chapters in 

San Francisco, -.\ i t ii a total im-mber- 

ship "i' 1650, and Hi., membership is 

Increasing perhaps more rapidly than 

i here in I he • <l i ■ 

The Ordi i ol th Be item Star was 

Introduced in California in May, 1869. 

by Mrs. William I". Muses, a prominent 

citizen of San Francisco. 

The Grand Chapter of California 

organized in May. i^tp,. in ih.- 

month previous twenty-two delegates 

Of the six chapters In San Francisco 

met to consider the necessity of or- 

ganlzing a Grand Chapter. 

iin May 8th, the following named 
seven chapters adopted a constitution, 
elected twelve officers and organized 
the r; ra ml chapter; Golden Gate 
Chapter No. l. Sulsun Chapter No. 2. 
Silver Star Chapter No. 3. California 
Chapter No. 4, Alameda Chapter No. 
7. Oak Leaf Chapter No. S. and Evan- 
geline Chapter No. 9. The total mem- 
bership of these chapters was about 
five hundred. Mr. George J. Hobe 
was elected Grand Patron, Mrs. Mari^ 
Everhard was elected Oram] Matron. 
Mrs. Henrietta Whltcher was elected 
Grand Secretary and Mrs. Kate Josepn- 
ine Willats was elected Grand Lectur 
eBS. Subsequently Mrs. Willats was 
elected Grand Secretary, which re- 
sponsible position she has held for the 
past twenty years. 

From seven chapters and a total 
membership of five hundred at <he 
organization of the Grand Chapter 
thlrtv years ago, the order has in- 
creased to a membership of nearly 
seventeen thousand, with one hundred 
and sixtv-five chapters. There arp 
eleven chapters in San Francisco, six 
In Los Angeles, and eight in Alameda 

A complete census report of the 
chapters will, perhaps, show a larger 
membership than the above quoted 
figures, and. also, progress in every 

The order is increasing in member- 
ship In Oregon and Washington, ant! 
each of these states have a Grand 
chapter. Nevada has seven chapters-. 
with a total membership of six hun- 
dren, more than enough to entitle it 
to a Grand Chapter, but defers the 
matter on account of the expense. It 
Is hoped, however, that a Grand Chap- 
ter will soon be organized in that 

The Grand Chapter is discussinp 'he 
matter of putting up a building in 
which to hold Us meetings, have its 
officers and parlors for the eleven 
Chapters of the city. The matter was 
energetically advocated by Mrs. Pierce, 
When Grand Matron, and though 
nothing positive has been decided 
upon in reference to the building, it Is 
hoped that the matter will not long 
be deferred, as the Order is growing 
rapidly, and its increased membership 
perhaps now justifies it. 

The objects of this order are to give 
practical effect to one of the principles 
of Freemasonry by placing in the pos- 
session of tin female relatives of that 
fraternity a key by which to unlock. 
when nee led, those benefits which 
await the disposal of all good Masons. 
They prove their claim by member- 
ship in t hi.- allied order. Its cere- 
monials and teachings make the mem- 
bers, when heeded, hetter men and 
am mien. The Order brings people Into 
closer friendship and social relations; 
it makes men and women thoughtful 
and helpful, and expands the senti- 
ments of good will, benevolence and 
charity. There is a charm in it that 
increases with advancing civilization. 
The Order is founded upon the Holy 
Writings, and is an adoptive system 
or Free Masonry. The obligations of 
i his Order are based upon the honor 
of the female sex, and framed upon 
the principles of justice and equality. 
The adoptive Masonry degrees resem- 
ble Masonry and are Masonic in spirit. 
and were invented for ladies who have 
claims upon that order, through the 
immediate relatives of their families 
who are or were members of the Ma- 
sonic fraternity. Those who are en- 
titled to receive the degrees of the 
Order of the Eastern Star are Master 
Masons, their wives, mothers, widows, 
daughters and sisters. The five de- 
grees are called the "Rite of the East- 
ern Star." and are very beautiful and 
impressive. The moral teachings of 
the Order are most excellent, and it is 
B protection for the lady relatives of 
memhers of the Masonic Order. The 

Rite was invented 

portrait h ings In the office of the 
Grand I o. The 

i. Adoptive Rite differs from 
the European Order, which was Insti- 
tuted aboul i i entury ago. Id 
thousands of people havi p 

in its beautiful and Impressive cere- 
monies, and 

hundred thousand members of the 
Order in the Unll There 

are chapters in In the 

Union, and a Grand 
every state. The order Is rapidly 
growing in membership, and Its moral 
teachings meet the spirit ol the age. 


kl j : 

A notable example of what a woman 
of energy and ability can accomplish 
In ih business world is afforded by 
.Mrs Abbie E. Krebs, who as President 
of the Caspar Lumber Company man- 
ages its great interests with much 
sue. ess. Caspar is 1-* miles up the 
coast from San Francisco, and the 
company owns 50,000 acres of red- 
wood timber lands. A double band 
saw mill, fifteen miles of railroad, two 
steam schooners and several company 
stores are among the things Mrs. 
Krebs looks after, and the company 
manufactures 100.000 feet of lumber 
daily. Mrs. Krebs has been paid a 
high compliment lately by her fellow- 
directors of the Redwood Exchange, 
being chosen to represent the lumber- 
men of the coast at the St. Louis Ex- 
position, and placed in exclusive 
charge of the redwood lumber ex- 
hibit. She will have a room fitted up 
entirely in this beautiful wood In the 
great Lumbermen's Building there, 
will also have space in the Forestry- 
Building, and an interest in the mov- 
ing pictures in the California Building. 

Mrs. Krebs is a handsome, womanly 
woman, and is greatly admired by the 
redwood lumbermen of San Francisco. 
During the year and a half that she 
has taken an active interest in the 
management of the company she has 
attended the frequent meetings of the 
Redwood Lumbermen's Exchange, to 
represent her company, and also at- 
tends the weekly luncheon of the 
Steam Schooner Owners' Association, 

at both of which business matters arr 
discussed, and her opinion has always 
great weight with the members. 

"I asked the lumbermen if they 
would object to my attending their 
meetings and representing our com- 
pany." said Mrs. Krebs. in speaking of 
the matter, "and I told them I would 
not go if it would inconvenience them 
in the least to have a woman at then- 
meetings. They gave me a very cor- 
dial invitation to go and I have at- 
tended them ever since, and at them 
always learn a great deal of value to 
me in managing the business." 

It should be said that Mrs. Krebs Is 
a gifted and talented woman. She is 
an artist and also a writer, having 
contributed to magazines for yearn, 
and was for five years a member of 
the editorial staff of the San Fran- 
cisco Chronicle, one of the largest 
daily morning papers of San Francisco. 
She was at one time president of the 
Pacific Coast Woman's Press Associa- 
tion, and Is now its first vice-presi- 
dent. She was also regent of :nc cnap- 
ter of the Daughters of the Revolu- 
tion, and Grand Matron of the Order 
of the Eastern Star. She Is a mem- 
ber of the California Club, and has 
always taken a great deal of Interest 
in public matters and woman's work. 
Of course since assuming active 
business duties she has not much time 
to devote to public. literary or club 
matters, but has been selected to at- 
tend as a delegate the International 
Women's Council at Vienna next year. 

It not only 

throughout the country, having 
strong and powerful adherents, but La 
extending to other - >un 

bership in Scotland, and Has also 
far away India. 

The founder of ihi.- ordei states in 
bis memoirs that from his early Ma- 
rts Ine i i des 

Masons Into closer friendship with the 
ol i'i e< Masonry. Hi gave the 
subject -i great deal . . r earnest thought, 
ami. finally, he decided upon a nun.. 
hi. I then the number n( points to COr- 
i . spond with the emblems of th 
i. -I'.; carpet, which are live. This is 
the Pentagon, the signet of Solomon, 
and proper to Adoptive Masonry. He 
selected from the Holy Writings four 
biographical sketches to • orespond 
with the first four points, and the fifth 
point Introduces one of the early hls- 
tory of the Christian church. 

The characters that have been se- 
lected are Japtha's daughter, named 
Adah, which is Illustrative of respect 
to the binding force of law; Ruth, as 
illustrative of devotion to religious 
principles: Esther, as Illustrative of 
fidelity to friends and kindred; Mar- 
tha, illustrating undevlatlng faith in 
the hour of trial; Electra, as Illustra- 
tive of patience and submission under 

All these points are Masonic vir- 
tues, and they have nowhere in his- 
tory more brilliant examples than in 
the five characters represented in the 
lectures of the Order of the Eastern 

The thirty-first annual Communica- 
tion of the Grand Chapter of the Or- 
der of the Eastern Star was held. In 
Sacramento last October. There were 
about 500 delegates present. The Com- 
munication lasted three days. Inter- 
esting papers were read, and matters 
discussed of general interest to the Or- 

The following officers were elected 
for one year; 

Worthy Grand Patron, Mrs. George 
F. McNoble, Stockton; Worthy Grand 
Matron, Mrs. Chlo Routzahn, Los An- 
geles; Associate Grand Patron, Mr. 
Edwin S. Logan. Holllster; Associate 
Grand Matron, Mrs. Agnes Conant, 
San Jose; Grand Secretary, Mrs. Kate 
Josephine Willats, San Francisco; 
Grand Treasurer, Miss Anna Beau- 
champ Barnes, Healdsburg; Grand 
Conductress, Mrs. Ada Mary Flint, 
San Juan; Associate Grand Conduc- 
tress. Mrs. Edith Howard Fee, Ma- 
dera; Grand Chaplain, Mrs. Mary 
Ella Rankin, Yreka: Grand Marshal, 
Mrs. Annie Marie Johnson. San Fran- 
cisco; Grand Organist, Mrs. Mary Edna 
Phipps. Sacramento; Grand Adah. 
Mrs. L. Elmira Anderson. Oakland: 
Grand Ruth, Mrs. Sarah Farrar Streiff. 
Pasadena; Grand Esther, Mrs. Nettle 
Howard. Los Angeles; Grand Martha. 
Mrs. Maria Sherer, Colusa; Grand 
Electra, Mrs. Cary Maria Blowers, 
Woodland: Grand Warder, Mrs. 
Blanche Daisy Gary. Lodi; Grand Sen- 
tinel. Mrs. Jean Sornberger, George- 

The next Communication will be 
held in San Francisco, October 18, 

Iff* IT •#* 

Any lady desiring a safe and profit- 
able investment can receive valuable 
informal ion by addressing "Business," 
.are California Ladies' Magazine, 906 
Broadway. Oakland. This is one of 
the most successful enterprises in the 
State, and it is conducted by energetic 
business people who have had wide 
experience in the management of busi- 
ness affairs. One per cent a month is 
realized. Quick returns. This is a 
rare chance and should npt be missed 

Jf Jt J* 
The California Ladies' Magazine 
talces pleasure in informing its readers 
that the above well known attorney- 
has removed her law offices to the 
Mills Building. San Francisco, where 
she will be pleased to extend her 
usual care and attention to anyon 
requiring her services. The success 
already achieved by Mrs. Foltz is the 
best evidence of her ability, and we 
can cheerfully recommend her to the 

.£ J« J* 

Are you looking for a publisher? We 
are looking for writers. Send us your 
MSS, with one dollar, and we will 
read, advise and publish. 

Box 260 WASHINGTON, D. C. 



Page 32 


December, 1903 

J& One of the Greatest Establishments on the Coast & 


- eea The p 
done (ill tu 
think "f th>: telephone, phonograpl 

And then, though i [tilte so mystifying .is th< 

ol in unknowi 

and Impi 01 emenl In business enti 

II ah a in. i! elous. We i an ha i dly realli 

thlw Is, ho gradually but successfully has It all been 
marked oul through the advanced ideas of man. 

Tin.- i eepeciallj the case with those big depart- 
men) stores, such .1- Hale's mammoth establishment 
on Market treel V visit there must Impreas th 
thoui ■■ but also i 

11I perfect manner in which it i. 

'I'" i" 1. 1 1 the ••M'l- 1 1 u I ability, power and 

progn .1 11- man -. ■ uemion and 

polltene ol the ittendants In this up-to-dat< 
hi often been remarked. We now no longer won- 
dei -H this, I'n then i-- an "h md pery true saying 
like in. 1 1.1 hi. in. 11" Recently w- had occasion to 

see one of the proprietors of this Immens tab- 

Itohrnent, We were receives most courteously and 
shown through Its mans floors and departments, 

ii' i' in hi. woman, or child can procure anything and 
everything needed or desired, and where -ill receive the 
same polite attention, be they rich or poor, from em- 
ployer and employes. Information and valuable ex- 
planations were given us about the systematic work- 
ing hi this ffreal institution. The new fall and win- 
ter catalogu. was produced for our Inspection. It 
Is ;i tastefully Rotten up book containing a list (with 
1 in- prices marked) of every article in this colossal 
Btore, and the illustrations are really beautiful works 
1.1' .hi. These catalogues are Issued twice a year, and 
fifty Ihousand of them are sent out in the spring- and 
fall. Nol only are they distributed through the Pa- 
.liii ('oast States, and East as far as Texas, but 
large numbers are also mailed and goods shipped to 
Alaska, china, Japan, and the Philippines. So per- 
fectly is each article In this catalogue represented 
and marked, that persons can select anything they 

1 1 OS easily at home, and as satisfactorily, as 

though they were trading over the counter. We 
would advise all our friends, even those residing in 
San Francisco, to send for one of these catalogues. 
It would be of immense help to them when making 
their selections, especially for Christmas shopping; 
and to those living out of town it would be of in- 
valuable assistance. 

Hale's free delivery proposition Is also most lib- 
eral. We do not allude to goods delivered free in 
San Francisco — that has always been most prompt 

. ict But outside and to 1 ertain distances, this 
hat they agree and propose: "It i~ based upon 
applied to a cerl mi. We will 

> charges to your nearest railroad or 


office on goods excepting baby carriages, toys, trunks, 
curtain poles, window shades, china, glassware, or 
other goods unduly bulky or heavy in proportion to 
their cost, in accordance with the following: Orders 

from $5.00 upwards from one to fifty miles from San 
isco; $10.00 upwards fifty-one t.. one hundred 
miles; $20.00 upwards one hundred and one to (wo 
hundred miles; $30.00 upwards two hundred and one 
[>. three hundred miles; $40.00 upw irxls three hundred 
and one to four hundred miles; $50.00 upwards foui 
hundred and one t<> Ave hundred miles. An order for 
suitable goods of $75.00 upwards will i" delivered 
free to any railroad station west of the Rocky moun- 

Hale's have also a most perfect system of ship- 
ping goods far or near. We quote the following in- 
structions in their own words: 

"Make out a list of the goods wanted, sign your 
and address and mail to Hale Bros Inc., 979 CO 
987 Market street. San Fram Isco, Cal., In iludlng bank 
draft, Wells, Fargo .<: Co. monej ordei • <> post office 
order, allowing liberally for postage. Orders 
will be filled the day received, unless for goo 
be made or bought outside, and all over will be re- 
turned. Small amounts may be sent in stamps. We 
will ship goods by express CO i '.. but do hoi ad- 
vise shipping small orders by this method, as addi- 
tional expense is incurred to you for return money 
charges. It is always safe to send the money with 
your order, as we cheerfully refund it when the goods 
do not prove satisfactory, or exchange them for oth- 
ers If you desire it." And we know of no other store 
on the Pacific Coast where they exchange goods so 
obligingly, and even refund the money if you prefer 
It, as they do here- 
with all if marveloj^ system of management 
and with their superior stock, sold only at reason- 
able prices, no one need wonder at the popularity and 
phenomenal success of the Hale Bros. We say with 
them that hands and brains are busy all the time 
making this great store just what it ought to be, and 
what it is — profitable, prompt, economical, reliable; giv- 
Ing as much for just as little as is consistent with 
legitimate merchandising. 

The question is often asked how can Hale Broth- 
ers sell goods cheaper than any other store on the 
Pacific Coast? 

The answer is that this firm buys everything on a 
cash basis, and they never fail to take advantage of 
every cash discount, which is not kept for their profit, 
but is given to their patrons. These discounts, from 
some factories, are very large sums. 

It is an established fact that frequently you can 
buy yards of various goods at Hale Brothers from 
two to five cents cheaper than at any other store on 
the Pacific Coast. 




An Endless Variety of Useful Articles 
Suitable for 


Largest Line of Mission Furniture 
on the Coast. 

Everything for Comfort at Right Prices 

Your Credit is Good 

'Nuf Ced 







mil and Foisom 1 


If our work suits tell 

your fiends. 
If not, tell us. 

Mission 272 

Telephone Main 1080. 



Apothecaries' Hall 

Cor. Market & New Montgomery 

San Francisco. 

Under Grand Hotel 


/fj^ A good 

'<& glove for a 

; y' dollar and a half 

Centcm eri 



like the hand. Cannot tear gown. Fin- 
ished In dull black. Ask your dealer, or 
send 25c to NEAT NOVELTY CO., 215 
East Broad St.. Hazloton, Penn. 

Agents wanted 

December, 1903 


Pace 33 

The Different Orders of the Catholic Sisters in California 


Many years before the discovery of 
gold In California, the Franciscan 
Fathers had traveled to this, then un- 
explored country to do missionary 
work among the Indians. We all 
know how well they succeeded In con- 
verting and civilizing these rude sav- 
ages of the wilderness, for famous old 
mission churches and brfijdlnga still. 
even In their ruin, tell the tale of their 
marvelous work. 

But through the Injustice and greed 
of unscrupulous men of a later gen- 
eration, these missions were despoiled 
and allowed to fall Into decay, while 
the Indians were scattered and driven 

But when a new life awoke on these 
shores, and a new element came pour- 
ing in from the four quarters of the 
globe, then another band of missionary 
laborers appeared, to meet the many 
needs of a different class of people of 
all nationalities, who now flocked to 
this far distant land of the Golden 

It was then that Rt. Rev. Joseph 
Sadoc Alemany was appointed bishop 
of this new diocese, built upon the 
ashes of the old one at Monterey. 

HIb first efforts after his appoint- 
ment, and before leaving Italy, were 
to enlist the services of the Sisters of 
the Dominican Order to help him in 
his future great work among strange 
people In far away California. H? 
fully realized what valuable assistants 
would be those devout and self-sacri- 
ficing women who. donning religious 
garb devote themselves to the mental 
and moral training of the young, 

So when this young missionary 
Bishop left Europe, Mother Mary Goe- 
mere accompanied him on this long, 
tiresome journey across the continent. 
They arrived at Monterey, at that old 
historic mission founded by the great 
and good Junioero Serra. In that 
eventful -ear that first witnessed the 
unfurling of the American flag here, 
spreading Its protecting stars and bars 
over the new Golden State. 

Soon after her arrival Mother Mary 
gathered together the young from far 
and near. and. In an old adobe bulld- 
lne. opened up her primitive school. 
This was the humble bee-Inning, the 
nucleus of a system of religious educa- 
tion that was destined to flourish and 
grow to gigantic proportions on this 
golden soil. 

Two years later the Bishop of Mon- 
terey was raised to the rank of an 
Archbishop, and his residence trans- 
ferred to San Francisco. 

The Convent of Benlcla was now 
built to keep pace with the march of 
progress and the rapid Increase of 
population In that section of the 
country, and Mother Mary and her 
little band of Sisters took possession 
of the new Institution. Then a few 
years after St. Rose's Academy In 
San Franrlsvo was started by the same 
order, and both of these soon became 
noted and popular boarding schools. 
Later It was a still greater advance 
when the large Dominican College 
was built at San Rafael. From a re- 
cent work published about this order 
of Sisters we quote the following: 
"The mustard seed of Dominican life, 
planted In Monterey by Mother Goe- 
mere. has spread and grown to a 
mighty tree, that as we write we call 
to mind that in this diocese two hun- 
dred brave women wearing the habit 
of St. Dominic are laboring for re- 
ligion and morals In the asylum, hos- 
pital and school. These Sisters, work- 
ing In the cause of education, now 
conduct one college, five boarding and 
day academies and ten parochial 

Several years after the coming of 
the=e Sister*, another distinct branch 
called the Dominican Sister* of the 
Second Order came to California. 
Thes^ have now a fine convent and 
school on Guerrero street, in San- 
Francisco, also a larcre establishment 
with extensive grounds at the old 
mission of San Jose, three In Southern 
California, beside teaching several 
parochial schools. 

The well known missionary. Father 
de Smet, whose hemic and successful 
work among the Indians, is a part of 
the history of the country, made many 
Journeys to Europe in behalf of his 
dusky children. "While on one of these 
trips, he came to the Convent of No- 
tre T>ame at Namue In Belgium, and 
pleaded most eloquently for help In 
his great work In that wilderness be- 
yond the Rocky Mountain". It was 
not In vain, for when he left the old 
worid five of the Sisters accompanied 
him to those rude settlements In Ore- 

The hardships endured and the he- 
mic deeds performed In that wild new 
country by those refined, delicately 
reared women read like a romance. 
The foundation of their great work 
on the Pacific Coast was laid by these 
Sisters of Notre Dame In that great 

western forest. There for many years 
they labored, teaching the fami- 
lies of the Indians, and lat- 
er those of the rough frontiers- 
men. Then came the great gold ex- 
citement in California, which reached 
eventually this primitive country. A 
great stampede began for the wonder- 
ful ruining regions, and the place be- 
came almost depopulated. An Invita- 
tion was sent to the Sisters to i 
to this State. As their .sphere of use- 
fulness was about over there, they de- 
cided to go where their services were 
more urgently needed. In the year 
1861 these Sisters of Notre Dame, a 
courageous little band of six. arrived 
In California. Going directly tp San 
Jose they took up their abode in a 
small wooden structure on the same 
site where now stands their imposing 
college buildings. But their fal 
Instructors had already preceded them, 
and from the very beginning, even 
with its humble surroundings, this 
school had a name and a popularity 
hardly equaled by any In the State. 

The Sisters of Notre Dame have 
Justly earned recognition as educators 
all over the world. The great annex 
at Oxford, and their celebrated Nor- 
mal school at Liverpool, have made 
their name famous In England. In 
America, beside their noted colleges In 
many cities, they had the proud dla- 

bes! an! most distinguished women 

(of all creeds) in California. 11 

i claim one of these colleges 
as thi 

In August. 1S.">2. the Sisters of Char- 
ity arrived In San Francisco. The 
ibject "f tills order Is to shelter 
the orphan, and to de- 
vote themselves to tins great work 
n made their weary 
pilgrimage to this distant land. They 
were most welcome, t"r already their 
\ desirable location 
procured, on orphan asylum was built 
uhlrh v ..illy filled by those 

little ones bereft of their natural 
18, now placed under the care 
-■ good Sisters. This estab- 
lished, another want they determined 
to supply, Which was the opening of 
a good select day school for girls. For 
this purpose they had built a commo- 
dious school building, Just back of 
their orphan asylum, on Market street. 
St. yinCent's school (as It was called) 
reet, and was soon 
well and favorably known. It was 
patronized by even the richest and 
most exclusive families of the city, 
whose children received here an ex- 
cellent educational training. With the 
great progress and extension of the 
City, it became necessary to move the 
orphan asylum. A large tract of land 
was procured at South San Francisco, 


tlnctlon of being chosen to conduct 
Trinity College, which Is connected 
with the famous Catholic University 
at Washington, D. C. 

It seems hardly necessary to speak 
at length of their splendidly appointed 
college In San Jose, so well known Is 
this great Institution of learning, with 
its advanced educational advantages. . 
It has the most perfectly equipped 
scientific department of any female 
college in the State, and its art and 
music conservatory is already far- 

San Francisco Is also proud to 
boast that It holds one of these famous 
schools of Notre Dame. A magnifi- 
cent new college has recently been 
erected on Dolores street to replace 
the old school buildings that since the 
early sixties had been known as one 
of the best educational establishments 
In California. 

Their second convent founded In tnis 
State was at Marysvllle. It flourished 
and grew in the midst of beautiful 
surroundings. For many years this 
was the most popular boarding school 
for young ladies in Northern Califor- 

In many of our cities down to the 
extreme end of the State, we find the 
Sisters of Notre Dame and their ad- 
mirably conducted schools of learning. 
It would indeed be a difficult task to 
count the immense number of our 

wher" extensive buildings were erected 
for that purpose, and the Palace 
Hotel now covers the ground where 
church, asylum and school once stood. 
These Sisters conduct a large day 
school now on Mission street, besides 
many schools, orphan asylums and 
hospitals throughout the State. 

At the extreme northern part of 
town. In very humble accommodations, 
the Sisters of Presentation opened a 
school in 1SS4, for the gratuitous edu- 
cation of the children of this city. 
The school soon outgrew Its narrow 
surroundings, and a fine brick build- 
ing was erected on Powell street, 
where a large school is still conducted 
by members of the Presentation Or- 
der. Another fine convent and school 
was built nine years later for them on 
Ellis and Taylor streets. They have 
now five In the State, all doing ex- 
cellent work. The same year of their 
eomine to California also brought to 
these shores the well known Sisters of 

The object of this order of Mercy 
Is not exclusively educational work — 
they aim to minister to every need 
that humanity may call for. Soothing 
and nursing the sick, rescuing the un- 
fortunate, and caring for the old and 
infirm, are some of the works they do 
In the name of mercy. But their 
schools are most popular. One on 
RIncon Hill adjoins their famous hos- 

pital which was established In early 
This school Is well ml favor- 
ably known for Its high st tie of excel- 
lence. Ssventeen establishments these 
•it In different parts of 
the State, devoted to education and 

in esque boi Si i of Lake 
Ive edi- 
fice usi ' icademy, 
and conducted bj the Sisters of the 
Holy Names, Thej have bIx other 
nourishing schools In California, 

In the pretty town «( Santa Rosa 
that old far-famed order of Ursulln>4 
nuns have a most prospero 

boo]. They came to Cali- 
fornia only In 1881, but now have two 
most successful establishments. 

In Southern California the academ- 
ies and schools of the Sisters of the 
Immaculate Heart of Mary are most 

T I > dec of the Sisters of the Holy 
Family, we are proud to say, n 
ganlzed In our own city of San Fran- 
iver thirty years ago. This most 
excellent community of devout women 
mi a great nnd most admirable 
work. They conduct three "day 
homes" In different parts of the city, 
where these Sisters care for little 
children of the poor while their 
mothers are employed during the day. 
In a kindergarten school those that 
are old enough (for they take even 
babies), are amused and taught, be- 
sides being trained to refined, cleanly 
habits, and useful methods. But In 
manv other good and great ways these 
heroic women are working for suffer- 
ing humanity. 

The teaching of the deaf and dumb 
Is the especial work of the Sisters of 
St. Joseph. Beside their noted Insti- 
tution In Oakland they have seven 
other establishments under their 
charge In this State. 

In 1S8G the Sisters of the Holy Cross 
began their labors in Snn Francisco. 
They now successfully conduct several 
schools In this city. The educational 
Order of the Ladles of the Sacred 
Heart was founded In France Just at 
the close of the "reign of terror." and 
especially for the "poor nobility," who 
were sadly In need of Christian edu- 
cational advantages at that time. 
They are still the favorite schools of 
the aristocracy of Europe, and of 
many of the wealthy classes of Amer- 
ica. The members of this order 
opened their academy In San Fran- 
cisco on Franklin street In 1887. A 
few years later their large boarding 
school with Its handsome surroundings 
was established at Menlo Park. Both 
schools have a large attendance. 

Some years ago a devout young lady 
gave. In memory of her mother, a for- 
tune to found a "Hospital for Incura- 
bles" In San Francisco. A laree 
building was erected on Park Hill, 
and the Sisters of St. Francis came 
here to take charge of It. Many and 
great are the charitable institutions 
in this city, but none are better or 
filled a more urgent need than "St. 
Joseph's Home for Incurables." 

To care for the aged of both sexes, 
who are bereft of home in their old 
age. is the object and work of the 
far-famed "Little Sisters of the Poor." 
They came to our city only recently, 
but their "Home" Is already filled to 
overflowing by those who In the sun- 
set of life are tottering toward the 

A large and commodious building In 
the midst of extensive grounds will 
soon be occupied and devoted to this 
good work. A wealthy gentleman of 
this city has donated, and Is having 
built with his own fortune this im- 
mense establishment for this good and 
truly charitable purpose. 

In Oakland, a new hospital Is just 
beine built on a magnificent scale. If 
Is to be under the charge of the Sisters 
of Providence, who have charge of 
one of the finest hospitals In Canada. 

Last, but by no means least of the 
educational orders of Catholic Sisters 
to come to our golden State are those 
talented "Sisters of Charity of the 
Blessed Virgin." They came here from 
Dubuque to take charge of St. Brlgld's 
Convent when 11 was opened a few 
years ago. on Broadway and Van 
Ness avenue. This school, under their 
able management, has attained a hi^h 
state of excellence. It Is for both hoys 
and girls. In the girls' department 
thev are graduated from the highest 
grades of study the boys only from 
the grammar grades. 

Such Is a brief history of the dif- 
ferent or-Jers of Catholic Sisters in 
California working for charity and 
Christian education. A noblo showing 
of these true Christian heroines whose 
live'' are really one continuous net of 
charity, and whose temples of learn- 
ine are "Arks of Refuge" from th» 
storms and "dreary noises" of the 
world, where youthful lives are guard- 
ed and guided In the paths Of virtus 
and knowledge. 

Page 34 


December, 1903 



Fifty-four Years Ago. 

The steamship < 'alifornfa, commanded by Captain 
Budd, U. S. A., cast her anchor in the Bay of San 
Francisco on July 13th, 1S49. She carried a large 
number of passengers, over three hundred in the first 
cabin. Many slept under the table, while the more 
favored slumbered on top. Our first view was plc- 
turesque. The hillsides were covered with golden 
popples, peering up through the velvety grass as If 
to welcome us. The houses were scattered over the 
sandhills, appearing as having been built more for 
comfort and a fear of earthquakes than for their ar- 
chitectural beauty. Tin- only handsome residence was 
that of Captain William Alexander Leidesdorff — in 
I he Foreground. After a few days' rest we ascended 
Telegraph Hill to have a full view of the surround- 
ings of the coming city, the "Paris of the Western 
Coast." Golden Gate With her narrow and beautiful 
pathway to aid the weary mariner to cast his an- 
chor — then came Alcatraz and Angel's Islands, 
natural bulwarks to protect us from our enemies. 
There were many ships in the harbor floating their 
gay Hags; they carried assorted cargoes — the best of 
everything, "eatables, drinkables and wearables." At 
that time commerce had no cumbersome tariff. The 
men one met on the streets were in the prime of life, 
well groomed, very courteous, and well bred. There 
were no venerable men or incipient youths: no beg- 
gars. If a man was stranded a purse would be 
opened to him to pay his way to the mines. The 
waters came up to ths east side of Montgomery 
street, where the wave? would surge and growl, and 
gently recede as if murmuring "all is well." The 
west side was devoted to merchandising. It looked 
really gay to see the Californlan on his bronco, 
twirling his i! ita. the yellow silk lirilngs of his "cal- 
sinaros" floating to the breeze. Admission Day all 
were gleeful. The banquet board resounded with 
good cheer. Then It was not unusual to see on the 
menu Wesphalia hams boiled in Champagne. We 
had at that time no steam baths or masseurs; we 
did not need them. No skyscrapers had taken pos- 
session of the illimitable space. Society was better 
then than now, there being no cheap transportation, 
so the riff-raff had to stay away until the days of 
railroads, cut rates, tourist cars and excursions. Too 
much praise cannot be offered to the pioneer women 
of California. They nobly assisted in weaving the 
web of state, and when the "Lords of Creation" were 
cogitating as to how much their claims would "pan 
out" the pioneer mothers were rocking the cradles 
and singing lullabys to the future rulers of the 
Golden State. May their noble footprints ever re- 
main Imperishable on the sands of time. 

Fifty-four years ago, and at the present day we 
have nearly the same number of these most estima- 
ble ladles, who to-day compose the Association 
called "Pioneer Women of California." 

Until a few years ago no arrangements had been 
made for the participation of the Pioneer Ladies of 

California In the celebration of Admission Day. Sev- 
eral la at in Informal meet- 
ing, and decided to organize a society of pioneer 
women. Mrs. Noble Martin, ol Berkeley, was author- 
ized to issue the call, and the meeting was appointed 
fur August 12. 1900. There were seven ladies pres- 
ent: Mrs. Noble Martin, Mrs. E. P. Thomdyke, .Mrs. 

Ann Germain, Mrs. Margaret M. McCormlck, Mrs. 
Sarah WIdben, Mis. A. B. Huntington, and Mrs. Mary 
A. McGIvney. Mi-. Noble Martin was elected Presi- 
dent, Mrs. Ann Genua in was chosen Secretary, and 
Mrs. E. P. Thormlyke was elected Secretary. The 
meeting ih-:i adjourned to meet agnin at Pioneer 
Hall on September 1 Such was the nucleus of this 
society — the lirsi Ploneei Women's Association in 

Twenty names were added at the next meeting. 
Owing to Illness Mrs. Germain, the Secretary, resigned 
arid Mrs. Angellne Griffin Gardner was appointed tem- 
porary Secretary. The organization was completed 
by the election of the following officers: Mrs. Marlon 
Bain Oummlng. First Vice President, Mrs. Mary Von 


der Mehden, Second Vice President: Mrs. Louise S. 
Chase. Secretary; Mrs. Annie E. Mclntyre, Assistant 
Secretary: Mrs. Margaret M. McCormlck, Treasurer. 
The Pioneer Ladies took considerable interest In 
this new organization, and at the next meeting 
twenty-two names were added to the roll of mem- 
bers. A committee was also appointed to draft a con- 
stitution and by-laws, and arrangements were made 
to hold a reception on the 10th and 11th of Septem- 
ber to entertain the pioneers and celebrate the fifti- 

At the Present Day. 

eth anniversary of the admission of California Into 
the Union as a State. During the afternoons of those 
days about 300 guests were entertained, including 
many pioneers, and 1 their sons and daughters. 

The object of this Association is to assist in the 
work of collecting and preserving personal history and 
reminiscences of pioneer women, their stories of the 
domestic, social, church and school life of the early 
settlers. A number of auxiliary organizations nave 
been organized throughout the State, and the Presi- 
dent, Mrs. Annie E. Mclntyre, has Issued a circular 
letter to the ploneei- women of California to organize 
associations, and thus preserve the local history of 
the early days of their respective districts. Auxiliary 
associations, outside of San Francisco and Alameda 
counties may be organized by five or more women 
who arrived in California before December 31. 1853; 
or, hy the female descendants of either pioneer 
women or men. Those eligible to membership are: 

"All moral white women who were residents of 
California prior to and including the 31st day of De- 
cember, 1853. and all daughters of pioneers, and their 
female descendants, shall be eligible to membership." 

There are now 143 members of the Association. 

Some of the members are '49ers, but they do not 
recollect as much of their trip "round the Horn" or 
across the plains, as the pioneer gold seekers. Mrs. 
Annie E. Mclntyre. the President, came with her 
parents across the plains in 1849, in a primitive ox- 
wagon. She was then a babe of a few months of age. 
The family (Hays) lived in Boone county. Missouri, 
an 1 were about six months in making the trip. Mrs. 
Chase, who has ably filled the position of Secretary 
for three years, also is a M9er. She is a native of 
Baltimore, Maryland, and a daughter of Judge 
Shepard of that city. 

At the recent annual election in October last, the 
following officers were elected for one year: Presi- 
dent, Mrs. Anna E. Mclntyre; First Vice President, 
Mrs. Agnes McDonald: Second Vice President. Mrs. 
Louisa Berryman; Secretary, Mrs. Julia Randall 
Brown; Financial Secretary, Mrs. Ellen C. Dav- 
enport; Treasurer. Mrs. Margaret M. McCormlck: 
Marshal, Mrs. Margaret J. Wheeland. 

Board of Directors— Mrs. E. M. North, Mrs. Sarah 
A. Keith, Mrs. Augusta C. Holmes. 

Board of Trustees— Mrs. Sarah S. Gorham, Mrs. 
A. M. Breidenstein, Mrs. Marion B. Cummings Mrs 
Rose R. Boyd. Mrs. M. J. Scooffy. 

In order to perpetuate the names of the pioneer 
families, the Association has started an historical 
and biographical sketch book, which will be preserved 
in the archives of the Association. Each member Is 
requested to write her name, place of birth, date of 
arrival in California, name and birth place of par- 
ents, and such incidents as may be of general in- 
terest. Notes of the journey of the pioneers overland 
or toy sea would be specially interesting to future 
generations and historians, and it is expected that 
this volume will be very Interesting. 


REV. R. E. KENNA, S. J. 


December, 1903 


Page 35 







HON. PETER H. BURNETT, the First Governor of California. 


Page 36 


December. 1903. 



There are now in California twenty-two women's 
clubs that have for their object the promotion of a 
claim upon which the United States of America made 
its stand for liberty: "Equal and exact justice to all." 
These are suffrage clubs, yet the very name of suf- 
tfage has t" many been bo displeasing:, that unless 
one can be sure that the moral significance of the 
word is understood, one may hesitate to use it where 
it is to receive a scornful regard. To those who be- 
lleve In the very sou! of Justice. It is held as hon- 
ored. Hut in a Slate where the growth of the cause 
Is now actively pressed, the regular recounting of Its 
progress must advance its Interests and awaken in 
Chose who have been indifferent chleilly through lack 
of thought, a desire to be of help in furthering an end 
from which all will benefit. To promote the distri- 
bution of such record, this magazine introduces a 
department that Is lo deal with the subject in an au- 
thoritative way: that is. the information herein, given 
will be authentic; there will be such explanation of 
the causes that have led to the making of the claim, 
as shall make plain the present situation in this and 
other S fates; there will be traced analogous move- 
ments f c ,|- tin- betterment of conditions of peoples and 
the work or women's clubs, that have taught the sex 
wherein they are able to exercise a power once sup- 
posed not to pertain to women at all, — the power of 
thought — will here be traced. In this State where 
such a hi ire proportion of the work of every commu- 
nity Is pei formed by women. It seems more especially 
necessary that they should understand the value of 
thai work not only to their families hut to the world. 
If the work is of value, the worker should be proper- 

in. id. Is any worker esteemed who is count- 
ed before the law as having no opinion? Economy 
is tin greal theme of the day, yet the economy of 
making the thought of women as citizens, of benefit 
m the community, to the State, to the nation, has had 
little consideration. 

It is especially in such countries as America, where 
the average and representative sort of life Is lived by 
the people who, not only are wage earners outside the 
home but with the home are also more or less 
obliged to perform a round of daily tasks in the rou- 
tine of living, that a just comprehension of the value 
of each person's work is possible, and in exactly how 
great a proportion any class or sex contributes to 
the economic distribution of labor and of thought. For 
it is now allowed by all, that the most essential thing 
in the consideration of every subject Is the question: 

What bearing has this, upon the necessities of the 
hour? What Is the economic value? In the effort to 
to an unrepresented class of citizens a just 
recognition and voice In the government of themselves 
it is necessary to show, not only the highest reason 
why this should be granted but the less exalted. 
though to many the more important facts of the con- 
stantly increasing economic value to be found in 
woman as a responsible and franchised citizen, in- 
stead of, as hitherto and now. a disqualified being, by 
law held incapable of adding to the comfort of the 
community, although the law holds her responsible for 
any crime she may commit. 

One of the most potent factors in the economic 
strength of a people is the power of expressing an 
opinion In political action. Without being able to 
express this political opinion, a man loses half if not 
more than half his value to the community, and by 
the same value to the community, to the State, to the 
nation. Now as to woman's ability to express politi- 
cal opinion, many dispute, — yet they do not question 
an ability as to opinion when it comes to an opinion 
on dress, food or food preparation, — or, on religion. It 
is at once said that she has been accustomed to con- 
sider these matters, they are as second nature, but 
ideas of government are as a strange language. True 
enough, but a language that, when practiced a little 
will be spoken as fluently as others once accustom- 
ed to it now speak it. Few men or women will do a 
thing well or do it long when they have no share In it. 
Skill in anything Is gained, not by looking on, but 
by doing the thing, and though many women now 
take only a superficial Interest in what they look on 
at, the interest and ability will develop with the do- 
ing, and the share of women in taking a direct In- 
terest and having a responsibility in the forming of 
their opinion on political questions will be of Impor- 
tant economic value to any party. 

It is well known that in all Industries, the better, 
more brainy the workman, the more profitable he is 
to the employer. Now it is plain that just as the 
greatest number of boys and youths of the land are 
resigning the higher education, girls and women are 
eagerly taking it. Is all that culture and training 
to be lost for the country? Is that preserving the 
economic strength of the people? Are women them- 
selves lowering the standard of the nation by refusing 



to heli) mentality in its development? And until a 
woman does so help she is not doing her full duty. 
Surely It Is only the most ignorant and thoughtless 
who now hold it unwomanly to wish for just con- 
sideration of ability as thinking, reasonable beings. 

Customs everywhere have changed, — forced Into 
change by progress. Once upon a time it was not 
ill-mannered to eat with one's knife. There Is a 
cause for everything — there was a cause for that. 
When it was done two-tine forks were in use, such 
forks as made It Impossible to take the food up on 
thorn. Presently silver forks came in use with three 
tines, then with four tines, and stretching of imagin- 
ation came to fancy that the food tasted better from 
the silver forks than from the steel knife, besides be- 
ing lifted easier. There was the custom of taking 
snuff — once thought so elegant, the custom of sip- 
ping tea from the saucer, the custom of walking, 
standing, sitting, stiffly because the big hoops worn 
made it necessary and unnatural attitudes were In- 
sisted upon. Rocking chairs had not come in use to 
invite ease — but the chier reason was that the effort 
towards finding the truth in everything had not de- 
veloped. Mannerisms, habits of expression, dress, 
had not yet taken hold. It has only been a little time 
that people have begun to be natural. It commenced 
with the adoption of hygienic exercises, athletics, ten- 
nis, riding, walking, and so little by little society 
has accepted the fact that it Is more natural — there- 
fore more elegant to walk, talk, sit. stand, at ease 
than to be bound to cast iron rules of carriage or ex- 

The younger generation will be, are, therefore, 
more graceful, freer in movement, more natural, more 
honest in expression and demand a greater recogni- 
tion. And in this change woman, woman, who once 
had no need and no wish to know much outside the 
home has come to the natural development of a being 
of importance without, as well as within the home 
circle. The general club movement has shown the 
necessity she feels to take a share in outside lnter- 


ests. And the work of clubs has developed her, even 
though she has not taken kindly to criticism of either 
the work or her self-fear, or resentment of criticism Is 
often merely self- consciousness, vanity; and Is cer- 
tainly a weakness; unfortunately this weakness is 
often shown and sometimes discourages the press 
from making notices that might be of value to the 

In connection with the press consideration of topics 
that women have taken up as their work, I may say 
that periodicals have generally reported the doings 
of women's societies, without comment or criticism, 
because criticism, If given in an unadorned state, 
lacking any saving clauses or coating of gelatine, 
raises an outcry of protest, often brings forth an ac- 
cusation of injustice. A city editor in response to an 
appeal from a few women who wished to have cer- 
tain club work seriously considered, and felt that 
faithful criticism alone would emphasize Its worth, 
once said to me: "I regret to confess a lack of cour- 
age to undertake it. He would be a brave man who 
should venture upon such a criticism of woman's per- 
formances, unless criticism should be construed in a 
very sugary fashion." 

This is only one of the many proofs that the opinion 
widely prevails of woman's unwillingness to be judged 
as a human being, — a responsible Intelligence, 
rather than as a creature of sex, of more or less un- 
reasoning emotions. It may be admitted that the ma- 
jority of women fear to compete with the world work- 
ers in general, except as members of a handicapped or 
disabled corps, .that does excellently well under the 
circumstances, but is eager to have the circumstances 
in evidence. The numbers are increasing, however, 
of those who offer themselves as* equal workers will- 
ing to be judged and rewarded only on the grade of 
work accomplished — mental or manual. — without con- 
sideration of sex. 

Does the aci eptatlon of the rules for matricu- 
lating in the University of Work and Thought, mark 
lae advance of a well equipped battalion that is 
threatening the outposts behind which tower the bar- 
riers of social class? If women will not break through 
the barriers of social as well as intellectual class, — 
barriers that past conditions no longer existing rais- 
ed between members of the human race, they cannot 
question, nor protest against, the action of men who 
refuse to lower the bars of political distinction be- 
tween the sexes. Who that claims justice for her 
work and thought can fail to offer justice to the work 
and thought of others? 


December, 1903 


Page 37 



California Has One Hundred and Forty-seven Clnbs. and over 
28,000 Members. 

aa , ssr«sB a?!?, - ,,,> -- - " 

Only about ^"^VT'refulaTly 8 nTlanlzS 
open for the establish, nent of "fjf//,,, A l0 . 
clubs for women. The "">"', ,„ Ne>v York and 
<as .« all ' ^T Vr^ub of Bo"™. And these were 

their own special rights. famous author of "The 

About fifteen year* age ' *e *un ou ^ , 

Battle Hymn ° f *he *epubUc^ In San Francisco she 
Howe, visited Callto™'*. W le J n minen t and 

was invited to meet a n»mb e r ° o£ Mrs . Ellen Bar- 
intellectual women at the no: m f cluba . Mrs. 

een t, and address .them on the suw ^ New Eng and 

Sassst-'ss stars «a« - — i4< 

clubs In California. literary and social 

Most of these clubs are purely ^ ^ . „ d 

ln their characte. , but a" ^ , nte llectual and ln- 
improvement of society wr itten up an ? ^r 

foresting topics of the a a y » Tne tone of their 

cussed by refined cultured women, in conversaUon 
social meetings »» »»» ^Sd^thS music both vocal 
iTBWMS^ga and denghtfuK 

S^ccompUshed worthy ef£or t S of this 

One of the latest and most ^ ist % tru g g iing mu- 
cinous a project 1 fee, ^veto^* ^ necessary 

a^rof ObCre Kan! Is and pre.«>. as 
^"wornon, — * -SJK^fS 2 SE 



Cubs in the State and the many famous ^ 

Si- M are encouraged an r 
Hf is now a recognized factth^^^^ 

beaI ue being progressive and ^{gMW of 

occupations, neglecting all men tai p ^ ^ 
deteriorates, and wh en hex CM iai she flnda 

ance and assistance In the patn o ^ from 

that what once she knew M « of efluC at, on 

mind, and that wl th 'he n e ^ llge of progress she Is 
that have been adoptedin thU^ B cannot understand 
T& U a n ndTheyma^l S5XS is so far behind the 
tim tv h at a boon to worn- then is tne intellectual 
club, where at least once a week she ca jn ^ 
hold cares for a few hours, an wQmen w ,^ 

of congenial surroundings meet b tQ learned 

Sffi«? "iSS^r^SS «" h del,ghtful and 

ele rKn m e U , S when Madame, , Rjcjjjr «jj ■*■ *•£ 
made their salons the scenes of^ such «| ed a 

erlngs of wit am * ,f'° H U f n n % r rourse with the great- 

S-K£ ">"£3 "Xr' e " SUfSfMS 

aJflnSR StS ~t,n has become 
ffiVSSffi - wblffliSy'^oe. not lend 

ways foil the nteB.B of an e elleclu ai and 

rttl. others of their k nd »he.e m ^^ 

S3? Sr2aSlTf*Ma and .he conversation 

swJJssara s« -*• « ihe same 

time delightfully social. 

Page 38 


December. 1903. 


V2TvA^ n ViiV\^'V2iVvr^\ 



San Fran- 
. ' ■ 
. ■ the P 

noted as clubwom ind their beautiful 

pie room of 

: ■ HO ■ 

= ures. As founder 
of the Philomath 
Lowonb bi n plratlon and an able guide 

Ident of Laui • . I 
ind honored by its mem- 


a dainty menu, th< water-colored Illustration being 

.lively at a 
Club LI e," Just abov hei , 
and beyond. The mi nu, from oysters through I 
and i>i" i. coffee, engrossed the ladles from one 
o'clock to thi i ■' Low tiberg gave a greet- 

i nds, ' ,] Introduced her daughter, Mra 
i, i, Brown, as toastmlstress. Something witty 01 
felicitous Mrs, Brown gave with much skin and grace 
h |.i. 31 nted e " h lady who responded to a toast, 
.Mrs, George Law Smith, president of the California 
Club, answered for ■'Up-to-date Heroes," ending by 
saying thai women who could face 350 clubwomen and 
respond to a toasl were true up-to-date heroes. The 
next toast. "Ragtime," was answered in verse written 
In that fetching tempo bv Mrs. Ella M. Sexton. Miss 
R. Abel responded to "Women's Weapons." Mrs, Hor- 
ace Wilson i" "Strenuous Life," and Mrs. Julius 
Kahn, the newly elected president of Philomath gave 
a poem In answer to "Beaten Paths." Mrs. Josephine 
de Greayer replied to "Femininity." and Mrs. George 
W. Halght was as ever delightfully witty in "Social 
Diplomacy." Mrs. A. L. Lengfeld contrasted ilfe In 
Japan and here in her "Points of View," while Mrs. 
Thomas W. Collins offered some very clever verses 
on the "Literary Guillotine." The president of the 
Century Club. Mrs. F. O. Sanborn, responded to 
"Americanisms," Mrs. L. L. Dunbar of Sorosis to the 
"Batehelor Girl." and Mrs. W. R. Parnell concluded 
with "The Stars and Stripes." 

Mrs. Benjamin Ide Wheeler, Miss Mabel Gray of 
the Bbell. Mrs. Bunnell of the Oakland. Mrs. Anna 
Samuel of the Adelphlan, Mrs. C. Mason KInne of 
the Papyrus, Mrs. E. G. Dennison of the Corona. Mrs. 
Mabel Craft Deering. Mts. J. C. Lemmon and Mrs. 
Laura Y. Plnney of the Women's Press Association 
were noted among the guests. 

The organization of the Women's Civic Improve- 
ment Club of Oakland, in response to Mayor Olney's 
suggestion, should mark a new era for that city, a 
City without parallel for beautiful homes, and squalid 
ones; for fine buildings down town next door to 
rookeries that were dilapidated twenty-five years 
ago. To keep clean her public streets is object 
enough for Oakland's ladies, forced to wade through 
seas of liquid mud on many of her thoroughfares. 
To beautify them should come later on, and, doubt- 
less, will prove also a success in the hands of a hun- 
dred and fifty energetic women, headed by Mrs. S. C. 
Borland, and endorsed by the mayor. Let us hope 
that trees will be planted, too. for Oakland's oaks 
are famous, and should be accompanied by stately 
avenues of palms, magnolias and pepper trees, as well 
as the deciduous maple and elm of colder climes. 
With Oakland's warm climate all things are possible, 
and a semi- tropic paradise of bloom and greenery 
should be hers to enjoy and point to with admira- 

nds as well kept as Park lawns and 
To drive over those fine roads, aud u 
i; friends upon an unkempt b 
with mal- odorous debris, has been our melancholy 

son, the Stories of Some Kami liar Songs by 
Madame Emilia Tojettl. Talk on Holland Gall 

.Mis-- \ 

Keith n i I bj Miss De Neale Morgan. 

San Francisco ladles have awakened, too, and the 
Outdoor Art League, with energetic Mrs. Lovell White 
at its head, has prevailed upon the Park Commis- 
sioners to have the debris and picnic lunch- 
eon papers removed from the city's mag- 
nificent beach. "Where every prospect pleases, 
and only man (and woman) is vile," 
might hitherto have been said of this beach (In 
common with so many other beauty-spots), where a 
great city's Sunday and holiday crowds flock to en- 
joy Nature, and a cold luncheon at the same time. 
The ubiquitous sardine-box, the iniquitous paste- 
board ditto, empty bottles and Sunday supplements, 
these happy people will invariably scatter on Mother 
Earth's lovely drapery of grass and ferns, of rocks 
and bushes. Mill Valley has been "tidied up" by 
the Art League this summer, and all good citizens 
now devoutly hope to see our Golden Gate Park's 

: Burdette has been scoring the idle so- 
il who has no aim beyond outdressing 
efore the Los Angeles Ebell 
Society. Mrs. Burdette. though a very rich woman, 
stantly at work upon some plan for the better- 
of women and their conditions, usually. She 
does not sit supinely and merely enjoy life in her 
il Pasadena home, devoting her days to dress- 
ing, driving and pleasure as one would imagine, but 
Is ever busy, and the click of her typewriter, as she 
reels off page after page of crisp, witty and strikingly 
original lei ture matter. Is a dolly sound when she 
is at home. Her poet-husband, Bob Burdette of 
happy memories as lecturer and author, has a charm- 
ing study on the second Moor, where wide windows 
frame Mount Lowe, and the- beautiful Pasadena 
orange groves. Mrs. Burdette accompanies her 
husband on his lecture tours, traveling thousands of 
miles every year with him. and usually speaking be- 
fore the clubwomen in every town where Mr. Bur- 
dette lectures. She is the First Vice-President of 
tii. G. F. W. C, and all California clubwomen aic 
hoping to see her chosen president of this organiza- 
tion and its six hundred thousand members when 
the G. F. W. C. meets in St. Louis in 1904. 

The Ebell Society of Los Angeles has formed an 
association to build its own thirty thousand dollar 
club house. The Friday Morning of that city owns 
its most picturesque and commodious home on 
Figueroa street, which is built after the old Mission 


style of architecture. The Clubhouse Association of 
Riverside has purchased a lot to built its home. Th« 
Highland Pleasant Hour Club of San Bernardino 
county was so active in establishing a free library In 
Highland Pleasant Hour Club of San Bernardino 
In the building. The Colton Woman's Club has as- 
sured the town a public library. 

Prominent Improvement clubs, making a specialty 
of beautifying their home towns and surroundings 
are those of Petaluma, Sonoma, Vallejo. Fowler, 
Berkele- Town and Gown, Lemoore, and many other 
of the Southern District Clubs. 

The California Woman Suffrage Association, Mrs. 
M. S. Sperry, president, held its annual convention 
November 18th and 19th in San Francisco. The new- 
state organizer, Miss Gall Laughlin of New York, 
formerly expert agent of the U. S. Industrial Com- 
mission, and others, appeared. Miss Laughlin spoke 
recently before the California on her favorite topic. 
Mrs. Ellen C. Sargent is honorary President of this 
Association, and Mrs. John F. Swift, Mrs. Mastlck, 
Mrs. William Keith, Mrs. Hattle Chapman, Mrs. 
Speddy and Mrs. Oulton are prominent members. 

The San Francisco District of the California State 
Federation met at the California Club roomB Novem- 
ber sixth, with Mts. E. A. Osborne in the chair. After 
the welcome by Mrs. George Law Smith, and greeting 
from Mrs. L. F. Darling. State President, two-minute 
reports from the twenty-five clubs in this district 
were given by their presidents. Calistoga. Eureka, 
Napa, Petaluma, Palo Alto. Sonoma, San Jose and 
Watsonville were represented, besides the city clubs. 
Reports of various committees occupied the after- 
noon, Mrs. Osborne being nominated for another 
term as district president, and a reception to Mrs. 
Darling ended the affair. The next State Federation 
meeting will be In Sacramento in the spring. 


Mrs. Laura Y. Plnney. the recently elected chief 
Officer of the Pacific Coast Women's Press Associa- 
tion, enters upon her term with the support and good 
wishes of all the members. A talk on Russia by Mis* 
Jessie Peixotto and some Russian songs by the so- 
prano of the Greek church, were features of a recent 
program, and some charming things are promised by 
the Program Chairman, Mrs. Charles Newman. On 
November 23rd the following numbers were given: 
Songs by Miss Louise Grosset and Miss Genevieve 

Club' are looking forw ard to the 

St. Louis meeting of th ., CHubs 

(rear, when the- wonders of the Exposition will 

be in view, the notable Woman's Building es- 

I y The one in Chicago was a dreary, com- 

. but St. Louis promises much better 

aecomi latlon. Very low rates will be made by 

the different railroads, we are Informed, and fifty 
thousand delegates are expected. There are 147 
i Federation, with a member- 
ship of 28,000 women. The leading clubs are: 

Corning— Maywood Woman's Club; Elk Grove— 
Friday Club; Paradise— Sorosis Club; Placerville— 
Shakespeare Club, Elizabeth B. Browning Club; Red- 
ding — Woman's Shakespeare; Sacramento — Tuesday 
Club. KIngsley Arl Club, Museum Association; Wood- 
land—Shakespeare Club; willows— Ladles Conversa- 
tion Club; Eureka— Monday Club; Napa— Study 
Club; Palo Alto— Woman's Club; Petaluma— Beck- 
with Club, Woman's Club; San Francisco— California 
Club, CUonian Club, Contemporary Club, Corona Club, 
Daughters of California Pioneers, Forum Club, Laurel 
Hall Club. Vills Club. Pacific Coast Woman's Press, 
Papyrus Club, Philomath Club, Schumann Club, 
South F.vk Settlement Mothers' Club, Sorosis Club, 
Wlmodaughsls Club; San Jose— Woman's Club; So- 
noma—Sonoma Valley Woman's Club; Watsonville — 
Woman's Club; Alameda — Adelphla Club. Criterion 
Club, Tea Club, Wednesday Afternoon Club; Berke- 
ley—Town and Gown Club; Nller— Countiv Club; 
Oakland— Ebell Society, New Century Club. Oakland 
Club; Sonora — Manzanlta Literary Club; Stockton— Club; Tuolumne — Saturday Club: Val- 
lejo — Woman's Improvement Club; Armona — Wom- 
an's Club; Bakersfleld— Friday Afternoon Club, Wo- 
man's Club; Dlnuba — Woman's Club; Fowler — Im- 
provement Club; Fresno— Friday Morning Club, Lei- 
suie Hour Club. Parlor Lecture Club. Wednesday 
Club, West Park Thursday Club; Hanford— Nine- 
teenth Century Round Table, Shakespeare Club, 
Twentieth Centry Club, Woman's Club; Kern— Wo- 
man's Club. Lemoore — Woman's Club; Oleander — 
Woman's Study Club; Portervllle— Inter Se Club; 
Reedly— Culture Club; Sanger— Shakespeare Club; 
Selma— Wednesday Club; Tulare— Shakespeare Club; 
Visalla — Kanatenah Club; Vlsalia — Woman's Club; 
Alhambra — Wednesday Afternoon Club; Avalon — 
Woman's Club; Azusa— Woman's Club; Carpenterla — 
Woman's Club; Covlna — Monday Afternoon Club; 
Downey — Saturday Afternoon Club; East Whlttler — 
Woman's Improvement Club; Lompoc — Alpha Liter- 
ary Club; Long Beach— Ebell Society; Los Angeles— 
Bbell Society, Friday Morning Club, Kindergarten 
Club. Monday Study Club, Ruskin Art Club, 
Stlmson Lafayette Woman's Ciuu Thursday 
Afternoon Club, Treble Clef Club, Wednes- 
day Morning Club, Women's Press Club, Wo- 
man's Serlcultural Club; Moneta — Woman's Pro- 
gressive Club; Monrovia — Saturday Afternoon Club; 
Pasadena — Current Topics Club, Monday Afternoon 
Club, Shakespeare Club, Washington Heights Study 
Circle; Pomona — Ebell Society, Woman's Club; San- 
ta Barbara— Art Study Club, Woman's Club; San 
Luis Oblspc "Voman's Club; Santa Maria — Literary 
Club: Santa Monica — Coterie Club; Santa Paula — 
Currer' Events Club, I. N. S. Club: Satlcoy— Poin- 
settla uiub; South Pasadena — Woman's Improvement 
Club; Ver.tura — Avenue Ladles' Club, Tuesday Club 
Wednesdav Afternoon Club, Mound District; Colton — 
Woman's Club; Corona — Woman's Improvement 
Club; Fuiicrton— Woman's Club; Highland— Pleasant 
Hour Club; La Jolla — Woman's Club; Lo Mesa Wo- 
man's Club; National City — Mothers' Club; Ontario — 
Current Events Club, Friday Afternoon Club; Perrls — 
Woman's Club. Val Verde Friday Club; Placentla — 
Round Table; Redlands — Contemporary Club; Riv- 
erside — Extemporaneous Drill Club, Professional and 
Business Woman's Club. Woman's Club; Santa Ana — 
Ebell Society, Woman's Club; San Bernardino — 
Woman's Club; San Diego, San Diego Club, Shake- 
speare Club. Sherman Heights Mothers' Club, Wednes- 
day Club; San Jacinto — Travelers' Club. 


December, 1903 


Pasje 39 


Do you force yourself to feel and 
ya bright, merry and good- 
tempered, so there will never form 
at mouth the ugly lines that 
tell all the world of a soured, peevlsri, 
Ill-natured disposition? Of course you 
So; SO I needn't ask that. But In a 
life of hustle from morning till night 
do you take time to keep your teeta 
sightly and In perfect order? Without 
good looking teeth the prettiest girl 
will be Uliattl l know 

: , ensltlve person Invarlabij 

y from a talker with bad 


Almost any sort of a natural tooth 
Is better than artificial teeth. A skill- 
ful dentist can always straighten and 
make even crooked and mlspropor- 
tloned teeth. The natural teeth will 
usually last a lifetime with proper 
care, and American dentists are the 
best In the world. The main thing In 
preserving teeth Is to keep them clean. 
The best time for brushing them Is 
Invariably at night, after your last 
meal. This is a. most important mat- 
ter. It is the particles of decomposing 
food sticking in the interstices of the 
teeth that attack and make them de- 
cay. Never go to bed with your teeth 
unbrushed or your mouth not thoi- 
oughly cleansed with water. Rinse tho 
mouth after each meal, particularly In 
the morning after you have been 
drinking coffee. You can see what It 
will do by looking Inside a coffee pox 
that has been used for some tlmo. 

Have your teeth thoroughly put lu 
order at regular Intervals by a first 
class dentist. If they are not inclined 
to decay, once a year Is often enough: 
If otherwise, then twice or three times. 
Have each decayed spot filled at once 
as soon as it Is large enough. Tnen 
say twice a year, have the dentist 
scrape and polish your teeth. This 
takes away stain and discoloration 
and makes them gleam white and 
pearl-like. In cleansing them every 
night use a moderately stiff brush. 
Pass the brush up and down between 
the teeth as well as across. This re- 
moves bits of food and the clogging 
matter that sometimes lodges between 

One dire enemy of the teeth Is tar- 
tar that incrusts them roughly about 
the gums and loosens them. Have your 
dentist keep watch of this and re- 
move It once or twice a year, as Is 
necessary. Twice a week use a good 
dentifrice. An excellent one— none 
better — likewise a very cheap one, i» 
made by mixing one ounce of pulver- 
ized white castile soap with two ounces 
of precipitated chalk and adding abou. 
a teaspoonful of powdered myrrh. In 
this same proportion any quantity of 

may be mad«. The 
It for you. 
OUl I be trained to 

med u, 

:- it as 

ty. Keep watch of 

iwth 'f their 'permanent teetn. 

and If these i ome '-rooked or crowded, 

have th • medled. You will 

future beautj. 

it is foi for the ch - 

splendid teeth 


No object Is more offensive to con- 
template than a toothless mouth, or 
one containing black, snaggy, decay- 
ing teeth, it til". ugh neglect or dis- 
ease you have lost your natural teeth 
replace them of course with artificial 
ones, but be careful that these are not 
too large and too white. It is to the 
credit of Americans that when they 
are unfortunate enough to lose their 
natural teeth they supply the lack 
with manufactured ones and so pre- 
Berve the symmetry and sightliness of 
the mouth, as well as their own good 
digestion. This Is well, very well. 
But let me speak of one unpleasing 
point: Many women who wear arti- 
ficial teeth have a habit of removing 
them at times and appearing in the 
presence of their families with bare 
gums. This is a downright horror. In 
no way can a wife and mother more 
effectually repel her husband and 
children from her personally. 

The old way was to take artificial 
teeth out at nlfht and deposit theiu 
In a bowl of water. This Is not now 
done, for "store teeth" have reached 
such perfection that it Is not neces- 
sary. Simply cleanse the set thor- 
oughly and replace It In the mouth, 
and let none see you without it. A 
folding rubber cup is made that is a 
great convenience in traveling to take 
along with one and brush the arti- 
ficial teeth in. 

& & J* 

"My ili«'.-." says a woman corres- 
pondent, "had five children, and as 
soon as we shed our teeth she made 
each one of us get a 'stick' tooth- 
brush (a broken off piece of black 
gum limb! and brush our teeth every 
night after supper. We used no tooth 
powder of any kind. I am the oldest 
of the five children, and I am thirty 
years old. We kept up this nightly 
tooth brushing. No one of us ever 
had the toothache. Only one of u 3 
ever had to have a dentist even to 
examine our teeth, and that only once. 
Though we are all married and scat- 
tered, the old habit, which is a good 
habit, still clings t" us. I still use a 
'stick" toothbrush every night " 


A Compuetb Line, of Modr-rn 
Sanitary Appliance, j Always in -Stock 




if interested n 


328-550 Stockton St. 
CSan Francisco 



There is no wheat more 
nutritious than the white 
wheat grown in 


There is no flaked whee I thai 

is more delicate, delicious or whole- 
some than 

California Wheatine 

— Palatable with or without ugai 
Absolutely the only wheat food with 
all the gluten In, and all ihe indigest- 
ible fiber out. 

Sold by Leading Grocers In 2-lb. 
sealed packages. Full directions on 
every label. 

If your Grocer does not keep Cali- 
fornia Wheatine send UB his name; 
we will mail you a sample pack 
an interesting Tracing Book for thc- 
llttle ones. FREE. 

little ones. FREE. 


226 Clay St., 
San Francisco 


Eyesight vs. Dollars 

Your eyes are worth more than your dollars. In eye service cost Is a sec- 
ondary consideration, yet extravagance Is unnecessary— If you come to us. If 
your eyes trouble you, don't neglect them. Isn't It wiser to spend a dollar or so 
with us now than to spend hundreds of dollars trying to restore lost sight In later 
years? Our examinations are scientific, painstaking, thorough; our Instruments 
the most modern. No over-the-counter methods. 


Scientific Opticians and Proprietors of the Cllse Optical Institute. 
The only optical college on the Pacific Coast. A complete course In optics. 
Write for booklet. 

DR. F. A. CL.ISE. Eye Specialist. 1023 Market street. S. F.:-lt Is with pleasure 
I write to express to you the satisfaction the glasses you made for me are giving. 
From long and continuous literary work my eyes became strained and weakened. 
Your scientific way of testing my sight Impressed me from the first, and I now find 
these glasses have helped and strengthened my eyes wonderfully. I sincerely 
recommend others to try your valuable methods, feeling sure they will be able to 
obtain the kind of glasses they need and desire. Yours truly, 

San Francisco, No 

Editor California Ladles' Magazine. 

Page 40 


December, 1903 


warranted to retain their luster. 


101 to U0 Cluster Ring, Solid Gold. Alexandra Diamonds, Ruby, Turquois, Sap- 

phlre or Emerald center. 
Ill to 120. Solid i^old Rings. Alexandra Diamonds 

121 and 122, Cluster Ring, solid gold, Alexandra Diamonds, fish skin pearl center. 
123 to 130, Solid Gold Rings, Alexandra fish skin pearls. 
132 and 133, Prencn enameled Watch and pin, warranted 

134. Solid Gold Watch and pin. warranted 

135. Gun Metal Watch and pin, warranted 

136. Solid Silver Watch and pin, warranted 

137 1( . 159. Brooches. Alexandra Diamonds. 11 K Gold on Solid Silver 
1G0 rnitlal v st Chain to order, Alexand o Diamonds, I letter J20.00: - letters 
125 00; 3 letters 530.00. 

Our Illustrated Catalogue Now Ready- Send in Your Name. 

Any of the above articles will be sent you with the 
understanding that your money will be cheerfully re- 
funieJ If lewelry Is net as renresent-d In every par- 
ticular. Send Wells Farno Express or Postoffice 
Money Order. Do not send personal checks. 

754 MarKet Street 


December. 1903. 


Pace 41 


P\RIS, Oct. 31.— Reopening. iere in 

, »lon of the 


opening of the tl 

■ frequented by mon- 

' "V ',: .'. a | p Into the tea rooms at the RIU hotel 

on between the hour? of 4 and 6, 
you will see • llstlngulshed lyly dressed 

women Just returned to town. They will 

orobablj be discussing the latest scandal or he 

, new models m fashion shown by the 

; ,.,, dl , u ,ose salons are near by In the 

Pla i 'nme. 

Th> . f ac t ihat life in the country is Infinil 
pleasuraiii. In October than July counts for nothing 
The social calendar, whose laws are like those of 
,, m,. les and Persians— unchangeabl 
5! r a s, f October aa tin date toi the vllleglature's 
emlnatlon. Society bows to tl w that 

JSJlttou" leason has arrived Paris has once more 
come Into her own. 

Le Grand Prix d'Autumn Is the first function 
Which brings out the smart sporting set, announces 
B0C jaUy thai thi Parislenne has returned to her be- 
"oved city, and that the season, with Its Pleasures 
and fetes. Is <">. The feminine world on the race 
day set out for Longchamps In all its bravery of 
,,,w autumn attire. During the drive through i the 
!, ,,. ong coats and rain garments come nto requl- 
s| in .' a, the .lemen.s made up their minds to be 
I v By the Ume .he track was reached the sun 
shone out brilliantly, lighting up the autumnal foll- 

and a dream ol fair «, ^ e tt d %gJ 3 toilets 

trlbUne j3reS being composed tor the 6 

2S '^'"ivet'Sline In* various tones of fuschia. 


Another c '= n °'J*f h f ^artistic touches of gold 

ss asars^sraKfti «sss« star sr.s 

painting. .An idea of the ch a mi i ig. gath ered 

[ hls gold galloon alsports .-..»•. ^ known 
from the description of a toilet WU1W was Ha . 

sportswoman, ^f rtothOvpr the perfectly plain 
vans brown sable clotn -,' J ' e T ouis X VI. jacket. A 
8k i rt appeared a brown ■■ ve L QUte - J noticeab le 

neat design of gold e mbr rid e, > « J bene ath 

on the W bite cloth semi-vest f^V^e veU , et hat 

ffi e mS , w.rh?old C b^«d A and ar n^ore plumes was 

« Sb"« aid t0 h £f ct'th'hat o b f the Louis style 
An enormous white cloth hat or i ^ 

the chapeau de style. oyster white to 

Whil V SS^StaS he same costume prominence 

Ivory shades will have tne a of tne 

It did last year, and bids tM t0 De h trimming par 

exclusive. Taupe oi m 01 ^™^^ for the while 
cioth gown. Fur in sa- 
ble, chinchilla and mi- 
niver bands trim many 
of the smartest tulle 
and lace evening 
frocks. Worth is glittering 

his evening toilets with silver and gold sequins, and Is 
a so employing a remarkable sleeve which begins at 
the eTbow and consists of volants of some airy 
fabric Point de venise is in great vogue for the bad 
Suet?" and needless to say that the price ^of venise 
lace robe make it prohibitive except to the favored 

The majority of us are doubtless more Interested 
In the practical and indispensable street dress The 
a-ltating question which has been tormenting the 
w°oma i who insists upon being comme il faut at all 
trmTs has been the skirt length. An edict from high 
Y^hLitv h-is eone forth that the trotter skirt or 
fh one reachlnf t f the ankle Is to be worn for walk- 
the one * e *™™ f \. opX . s T h e skirt for afternoon and 

trailing billows on the floor all around. 

It requires quite as much practice to successfully 

the iSh? fantastic to/'may enter the ballroom with 
the idea of wrecking her costume. 

v fnvnrite material for the walking dress is a 

a . arS l !nlt is smaller than it has been for some 
Ke Inoeed. a nSfe fullness beneath the turned 
blS'euff I fall there is to be seen. A cachet Is given 
fo the bolero by adding a double flo unce of plainted 
!ace under the cuff. This adornment makes the hand 
look very dainty and attractive. 


et is finding favor for th 



. ., the sixties, ulustratlN 

, which Is i 

well defined skirl 
bouffant lower hall trlji 


ubiquitous cape i lertne, bu( the 




" f [hh TtTfwa^luv ol v-S.lS.lace 

aS go^d tassefedTnS an'd S belt buckled give 

„7^"r fic'^r^cpt a/e-%nc f oJJBj. hoop- 

u<; the present exceptionally full skirts. J-et 
thankful for the compromise. 

ceptlonally smart are these, 
too. when well cut and 
T v s m odel shown.ln the 

built by a master han.T;™ ^ It 

cut is one of the ne ^ie doth or tweed, and Is d.s- 
ls intended for any wide cloth o snoulder straps 

ringuished hV Hs military co Kran^ ^ g (li „ 

the latter Performing th e u-e shouiae rs. 

short darts which fit the ta P* , t , n . man- 

Moleskin cloth will ^ «n English no e , y 

tel and coat fabrics • VeUet is to lendld , n its 

lonable for gowns tr s ; sea O on. ii n burnt 

bright tones-old t^a" 01 :^ ,ei But It has its pros 
orange, rose color. I"*""" "£ lt B , s no t for the poor, 
and cons. It is regal, therefore u fearfully . In its 

9£S&^S^&£ ri en the least blt worn 

uls fhe shabbiest of , he shabby. { 
fea^fS^he^unT^fu^wl^ multi-colored 

TS. wake - -e veldts follow ^ Palnted^el- 
Sn;«. Wl . l S- P 5K»° »« SfSJS- •«- hiues with 

small red florets. „ K „ H i a that dark rich colors 

So far it seems most probable that dark ^ 

ffi2 Th r^e nSn a Uw S in n g er a particular favor for 

; ' tm^h^ess P K h-P T .abn . «j gospel 

the way of trimmings. 

La ces there , are in abundance ^^^^ * 
Sfof gowS : aL n we,i n as eV minute embroideries and 
applique motifs. 

Page 42 


December, 1903 







Largest Single Floor arid the Finest Stock of Pianos on the Pacific Coast 


From Prof. Edward A Thornton, director vocal depart- 
ment California College of Music: 

John E. Fox, Manager GIrard Piano Co— Dear Sir— 
1 cannot say too much in praise of the Henry and S. 
G. Ltnderman piano. The one 1 have in my studio Is 
perfectly satisfactory. For uniformity of tone, singing 
quality and it can not be excelled; for ac- 
companying it Is perfection, Sincerely yours, 


Henry and S. G. Lindeman 

Following are Among the Pianos we Sell 


Henry and S. G. Lindeman 

Davenport & Treacy Merrill 

Poole McPhail Schiller 

Bailey Kayton 

Armstrong Brewster — and others 

Agents for Apollo Piano Player 

From Mrs. Florence Jenkins Trost, one of the leading 
pianists of America 

John E. Fox, Manager GIrard Piano Co., Oakland. Cal 

I was very mucn Impressed with the beautiful Hen- 
ry and S. G. I.indcrman piano you recently furnished 
fur the morning given by the "Adelphia 
Club" of Alameda. The demands made upon It that 
morning provod it unsurpassable. The action was re- 
sponsive to the most delicate touch, with wonderful, 
volume, clear, singing, carrying tone. It was so 
pure and sympathetic that it seemed as though it 
must contain a living personality of Its own — A "mag- 
nificent piano." 


Henry and S. G. Lindeman 

Ranging in Price from $200 to $1000 — Payments $5.00 to $10.00 per month 

California College of Music, Blake 
Block, Oakland, Cal.— 
Girard Piano Co.— The Poole piano 
1 hat 1 purchased of your firm about 
a year ago for my private use at 
home, 1 am pleased to say, has prov- 
ed a most satisfactory investment; 
the action is fine and responsive, while 
the tone is pure and sympathetic. 

Pres. Calif. College Music. 

Poole Piano 

GIrard Piano Co., Oakland, Cal. 

Gentlemen:— The beautiful GIrard piano selected by Sister Margaret, over 
three years aco, is in perfect condition, and we all are well pleased with the 
instrument. We consider the piano fist class In every respect, the tone Is 
full and sweet, and it has a beautiful case. We will cheerfully recommend 
your pianos to all of our friends. Yours truly. 

San Carlos School, Monterey, Cal. 

Central Bank of Oakland, Cal.. Oakland, Cal.. June 24, 1901 
To whom it may concern:— The Girard Piano Company, of our City, Is 
one of our foremost business firms, an 1 financially their responsibility Is un- 
questioned. Their guarantee we consider perfectly good. 

By W G Palmanteer, Manager. 

United States Steamer Albatross: 
Girard Piano Co.. Oakland, Ca.— 

Gentlemen — "The Davenport & 
Treacy" piano which we have received 
from your firm for the United States 
Steamer Albatross Is giving entire 
satisfaction. I wish to thank Mr. 
John E. Fox, your manager, for the 
selection of this beautiful instru- 
ment. Respectfully 

Lieut. U. S. Navy, Com'd'g. 

Davenport & Treacy 

St. Joseph's Academy. Peralta Hall, Berkeley: 
Juhn li. Fox, Manager Girard Piano Co.— Dear sir: 

I am highly pleased with the piano purchas- 
ed from your Him. and must express my high appre- 
ciation of your square dealing In all our business 
transactions. Wishing yourself and the firm you so 
ably represent •very success. I am yours very respect- 
fully, BRO. GENEBERN, 



College Notre Dame. San Jose, Cal. 
John E Fox. Secy. Girard Piano Co., Oakland. Cal. 

Dear Sir:— I am happy to say that the Merrill Trans- 
posing key-board piano procured from your firm 
stands In go id condition, and is doing all you claim- 
ed for it. 

Wishing it all the success It deserves, and cordi- 
ally recommending the useful and excellent instrument, 
I am yours very sincerely 




1206 to 1210 Broadway 

Central Bank Building 

JOHN E. FOX, Manager 


December, 1903. 


Page 43 




If there Is one thine above another which maked 
crazy — and there- are several of them — it ■ 
Bight of a short woman covered with bobby ii I 
What is a bODbydiddle? Ah, my dear friends, surely 
you must have seen those meaningless tags and ends 
which certain women affect— the bows under th.- 
ears. the dangly chains, the multiplicitj of aide 

Combs and neck beads, the But why go Into the 

list? You know what I mean. 

Strange, isn't It. that you hardly ever see the long, 
lank giil so bedecked? But. no. She stands up like 
a bare pine tree or a bleak mountain side. It is the 
little dumpling of a girl who can no more resist them 
than she can fly. and they dangle, flip and Hop from 
all parts Of her person, caricaturing her figure and 
taking away any appearance of style she m o pos- 

Once I dressed one of these short little persons 
to suit myself. I did up her hair on top of her 
head: I plucked two bows from her hair and another 
one from her collar, I cut off the tabs from her belt, 
I divorced her from a chain and a pearl necklace, 
and I made her wea: a waist of the same color as 
her skirt. The result was worth noticing. With a 
tailor made waist having a tailor made stock, a tailor 
made skirt and a plain belt she was a revelation. 
She looked almost tall and slender. 

There Is no use In talking; the little plump girl 
must give up frillies and be content to dress simply 
If she would look well. 


I wonder how many of you are wearing your hair 
In the modish way — low at the neck. You have no 
idea how universally becoming this Is when It Is 
well done. The prettiest way is to part the hair on 


the style of an old picture frock, being 
m underdr - 

i point 

3 hlng to the elbow, were 

k with a full cuff of this wonderful old 

ii i i: n in'- color is pe- 

cullarlj becoming, particularly il night, and in velvet 

or Some SUCb fab 


As regards the winter shirt waist, the tVhlti ! 

nd mohair blouse Is about th< 
that <an be invented. It should bi i tectly 

plain, with tuckings or box plaiUngs and no silk 
ipings, for if it is washed these will turn yellow. 
A set of turquoise or coral buttons makes b pretty 

The three-quarter white cloth coal will again be 
"th-- thing" for evening wear, and this can be made 
at home, for it requires no fitting on < count of the 
looseness and the saving properties of the large cape 
collar of lace, velvel and embroidery. Pearl gray 

may bi mad lually pretty ami is more serviceable. 

Ecru and coffee color, however, are not so dressy. 

I ran no longer neither can any smart 

woman — the large black ready-made ha! trimmed 
with a single oBtrich feather laid on haphazard. This 
style of millinery has absolutely gone out. Get a 
simple shape with good lines and trim it with rosettes 
"I ribbons or flowers, if you want a feather- trimmed 
halt lake it to the milliner. She will give it an odd 
touch which will save it from looking commonplace. 

When you come right down to It the black hat 
Is not in very great favor .lust now, except with the 

black gown, and even with thai i lored hat is 

often used. 

one side in the front and draw the rest simply down 
into a figure 8 at the nape of the neck. 

First brush the hair downward over the face with 
strokes which make it roll out from the forehead, 
then throw it back and puff it into a regular pom- 
padour -with the side combs. Then, after you have 
made your 8, divide this front pompadour unevenly 
and hold it in place with your side combs. In the 
evening It gives a better effect if you insert two 
little rolls or "rats" under your divided pompadour. 
The central part Is far more becoming for evening 
than for day wear on account of the large hats, but 
the low dressing of the hair Is an improvement in 
nearly every case, and is particularly smart when 
worn with the new turbans. In the evening a bril- 
liant star wo rn low In the pompadour Is very pretty, 
especially In dark hair. 

Feather hats are among the novelties of the winter. 
They are prettiest in green, gray or shaded red, and 
there are even stoles and muffs made, to match them. 
The hats are untrimmed save for a rich buckle, and 
the majority are of the exaggerated turban shape 
raised at one side. 

A long cloth coat faced with fur is a very usefui 
and smart garment for cold weather. Made in deep 
red cloth and trimmed with skunk or marten, this 
need not be expensive to be pretty. The collar should 
be of the storm shape, with the lapels wide and 
gracefullv rounded. A French sailor of red felt 
trimmed with an edging of the fur and a bunch of 
shaded roses would be smart worn with such a 

A beautiful range of Oriental garniture affords 
delight to the eyes with their rich but mellow color- 
ing and military braids, fringes and tassels cater to 
the taste for chic and dashing effects. 

Shirred waists of white china silk are particularly 
desirable for voung girls whenever a dressy garment 
is required. They are made collarless, with shirred 
neck pieces and sleeve tops. 

A beautiful wine-colored chiffon velours model was 

c i ■ rp 

- ' • 

Page 44 


December, 1903. 


rtt\tttw<w<ww t " tttMtMMWMtwwwwwwtwwwwwwwwMV 


than u 

Button irnosl danger- 

ous proportions, li i- > pity when : 


in the i t lloring world, The tiny 
silver, J-t 01 gold soeclmi I 
ng. hu\ rge is covered 

has become a vul- 
gai modi and the best dressed young 
-iris will me of it. although at 

the same time the button in Itself, 
treated by the master hand. Is a 
rmlng trimming. 
Embroidered turnovei '-"liars are 
sold with cuffs i- match. The latest 
with a blacic 
.in,] white monogram embroidered In 
ill,- centei 

Chilton velvel is one of the new In - 
mentions o( tin' > in dress material. 
.mil It will be much appreciated by 
those win' have suffered from the 
weight of their velvet gowns. 

Neglig— is, like dresses, are made 
with long flowing sleeves which full 
back, displaying the .urn. The favor- 
ite sleeve is shirred on the upper arm 
and from then- down becomes a full 
frill edged with ruching. Shirred yokes 
without collars are also considered 
smart, and in general bands of shir- 
ring are particularly good form in 

Some dresses designed for midwinter 
have the entire lower half of the skiri 
made of fur and bands of heavy silk. 
while a similarly contrived cape with 

In girls' dresses there Is a greater 
variety In color than during the pasi 
season. Most of the garments are se- 
lected with an eye to the coloring. 
These colors are not gaudy, but strong, 
and will botli wash and wear. They 
are serviceable, and harmonize with 
plain materials. Little coats are usu- 
ally made of soft, fringed broadcloth, 
or soft finished zlbellne, with broad- 
cloth trimmings. The embroidery Is in 
a silk floss, and the color matches that 
of the coat. 

Most of the dressy coats are three- 
quarter length, and are white when in- 
tended for everyday wear. The ma- 
terials used and the coat distinguish 
the dress from an everyday garment 
and one Intended for Sunday and 
for special occasions. A heavier ma- 
terial is used for those worn dally, and 
for the others a lighter material is 
used, such as dotted Swisses and em- 
broidered muslins. Broadcloths and 
corduroys are the most used for coats. 
They wash, and can be cleaned, when 
they look bright and new. 

For III tie girls from four to eight 
years a pretty dress is made with a 
square yoke in front, with a bodice 
plaited in three double box plaits, ex- 
tending the length of the dress. The 
back of the dress Is also plaited. It 
has a turnover collar, and the sleeves 
are extra wide, with a double box plait. 
The dress is worn with a belt, either 
around the waist or across the shoul- 
ders. The dress may be used for 
special occasions by the liberal use of 
embroidery or lace insertion for the 
yoke, and the collar and cuffs. 

Pretty dresses for girls are also made 
of voile, and the pale shades are used 
for finer frocks. The more dressy 
frocks are trimmed with wide cape 
collars. The cuffs are frilled, and the 
sashes worn are wide and of lawn. 

Dressy gowns are also made of pal? 
blue voile, and trimmed with a deep 
four-pointed collar. 

For girls between the ages of 12 and 
16 years, the same material . gener- 
ally, is used as for women. 

Skirts for girls between these ages 
are mostly plaited, and all kinds of 
material Is used. If the girl is thin a 
full plaited bodice, belted at the waist. 
Is worn. For girls who are better 
formed, the backs of their bodices and 
coats are loose, and the fullness is held 
in by a belt across the shoulder. 

Accordion plaited waists and skirts 
are smarter than ever, and this simple 
style Is particularly effective for young 

The kilted short skirt is very becom- 
ing to a slight figure. This is -nit on 
a tight-fitting yoke and is trimmed 
with three stitched rows at the bottom. 
Suede is used as a trimming, partic- 
ularly nn short skirt costumes and fur 

Buttons of all degrees and kinds 
ire used in great quantities. 

The hlfh pointed collar In stitched 
linen or batiste is the vogue in Paris. 
Those who cannot wear such a plain 
collar use one of transparent guipure 
lace with scalloped edges. With tailor 
made blouses the nlque or cheviot 
four-in-hand Is always good form. 

The plainer the shirt waist the bet- 
ter. When combined with a tallor- 
made walking suit and a tailor made 

long front labs gives an air of chic to 
the costume. 

The ideal traveling coat is of soft 
silk or cloth, with a full cape reaching 
to the wrist. The length of the coat Is 

A fine sable stole seen recently was 
seven inches wide and reached to the 
bottom of the skirt. It was absolutely 
flat, the lower edge fringed with sable 
tails. It was worn crossed over at the 
waist line. 

French girls are fond of the quiet, 
small, old fashioned black and white. 
brown and white and dark blue and 
white shepherd's plaid, made with the 
trotteuse skirt and a little plain cloth 
coat of corresponding color. 

No sombreness touches the millinery 
of the season. Sapphire blue, flame 
'reds, orange and light yellows mingle 
with many shades of green, the ne^v 
petunia color, fawns and browns, while 
white and light tints are not discarded, 
so brunette and blonde may alike 
easily suit themselves. 

Beaver promises to be much worn, 
and birds are in high favor. The black 
hat of the first sketch shows both these 
features. It is a simple plateau or 
beaver felt caught up at one side with 
a white bird. The crown, or the place 
where a crown usually is, is draped 
with soft black satin ribbon and a ro- 

Equally characteristic of the new 
styles is the second hat sketched, a 
charming picture affair In black velvet 
and trimmed with handsome black 
feathers held by a long steel buckle. 
Beneath the brim is a band of soft 
ribbon or velvet, which keeps the hat 
on capitally and makes it Arm, a con- 
summation devoutly to be wished. 

i will 
the riches 

.hi it, mhig. 

loleskii i loth v II 

lout aesci Ip- 
luding beaver, tnd Bll* 
chamoaene and o 
.. i , 

i trimming 

black and white, brown 

tnd '"i white. 


II moods of i tshlon, will 



i oi m wiy and beautiful soi ts 

ii.-- 1 [i tund the crow as of hat* 

wings come in pairs and 
like exquisite butterflies, breasts lend 

their oi ind bills thi Ir dash ana 

on. Noth- 
ing so softens the outline.- of the fac 
as the ostrich feather becomingly ar- 
ranged, and In deed It should bi 
artist win. handles the long plume and 
a woman of distinction who wears li 

Low crowns rule, yet there are me- 
dium high ones, and square, oval, In- 
dented, bell crowned or tapering ef- 
fects an among bizarre novelties. 

Who,- picture hats are still worn. 
the tendency Is toward smaller shapes, 
like the turban, for wear with street 
costume. A winter model in moleskin 
is fashioned after the heart shape, but 
i In front is brought Into u more acute 
point and the crown composed of fur, 
the brim of folded greed velvet with 
;i count,-, of pheasant quills at the side. 

.•< & & 

Millinery for Young Girls 

The latest styles In millinery for 
young girls, are in hats: A soft mo- 
hair felt crasher, trimmed with ribbon 
band, colors, black, navy, castor, pearl, 
brown and cardinal. 

Hat of six rows of machine stitch- 
ing, trimmed in good quality of satin 
black velvet ribbon trimmings fastened 
with satin buttons, full ribbon stream- 
ers; colors, trimmed In red, brown, 
navy or cardinal. 

One of the prettiest styles of mo- 
hair felt hats is trimmed In mohali 
with scarf oi surrah silk and silk cord. 
two prettily poised quills form a most 
becoming trimming: colors, white. 
navy and brown. 

Very Jaunty rolled-rim sailor, for 
voung" lady, trimmed fully with satin 
scarf, pretty buckle; hat bound in 
satin; colors, black, castor, navy, 
brown and white. 

Hand-made draped velvet hat. col- 
ors, black, navy and brown. 

Child's rolled rim, smooth Venetian 
felt sailor, bound with seven rows of 
narrow ribbon, also ribbon streamers; 
colors, navy, cardinal, castor and pearl. 

Soft mohair felt crusher, trimmed 
with ribbon band; colors, black, navy. 
castor, pearl, cardinal. Oxford and 


.; witii tin i'-ii-i, nnd 
...I ,ii out 

Ol Mil 

made goods as well 

indi r the 
able to offer noi to 

bi obts in, 2d ■ I '•■ :i 



f \ 

This pretty little short dress is 
made of Jones' longcloth; neatly 
tucked yoke; shoulder ruffles of 
embroidery; ruffles on neck and 
sleeves edged with Valen- 
ciennes lace. (See Illustra- C(\ n 
tion above): sizes, six nili 
months to 3 years. 
Sizes 4 and 6 years, 65c. 
rtv mail, postage prepaid, 7c extra. 

Infanta' Slip, made of Jones' long- 
cloth; round yoke of tucks with 
hemstitched ruffle; hem- 1 
stitched ruffle and neck and rn. 
sleeve. A very dainty little l\l\\'. 

dress www 

By mail, postage prepaid, 7c extra. 


TER CATALOGUE, with hun- 
dreds of Illustrations and de- 
scriptions of stylish garments 
for women and children, will be 
be sent free to those who will 
send their name and address 
and mention this magazine. 


receive prompt attention and 
goods are sent the same day 
your order is received. 

The "Amold" Goods 

are the most hygienic garments 
for children. Twenty-seven styles 
of garments of special interest, In- 
cluding Dr. Grosvenor's Gertrude 
suits for babies. Antiseptic Diapers. 
Infants' Night gowns. Infants 
knit Undervests, Children's Sleep- 
ing Drawers and many other ac- 
cessories for the wardrobe of wo- 
men and children. We are exclu- 
sive Pacific Coast agents for these 
goods. Send for Illustrated > k- 

Dept M. 

918-922 MARKET ST. 

December, 1903. 


Page 45 

%%%*»%« \w \w w* w\ w»\ w%\- 



*%*%**%* V************************ 

• \\\MV\\M*\\\%\»U\\\\. 


There are few changes in boys' 
fashions. They change less than 
those of girls and women. In 
suits; the Norfolk Is again In 
style for boys aged from four in 
ten years. For those from nine 
to fifteen years the double- 
breasted suit seems to he th«- 
most popular. 

In overcoats, the long full cui 
Chesterfield with velvet collar is 
very popular. It looks well, anil 
wears well. They are made from 
MUtons and all wool casslmeres 
In solid colors, navy blues, blacks 
and Oxfords. Some of them arc 
in plaids. 

Style T is a Knickerbockei 
suit, jacket closely fitting and 
tightly buttoned, three buttons 
on a side and plenty of pockets. 
The collar Is rolling, and th<- 
young man carries a cane. 

Style 8 Is also a Knickerbocker, 
but the jacket Is to be worn 
unbuttoned, and Is rounded In 
front. The buttons are more toi 
ornament than use, and the jack- 
et has the full complement 01 
pockets. The wearer of this 
pretty suit also carries a cane. 

Style 9 shows a boys' long 
coat, with large buttons. Th- 
coat Is to be worn closely but- 
toned, and fits snugly. 

Style 10 Is a boys' suit of knet- 
pants. This kind of suit, while 
not worn as much as the two- 
piece double-breasted suit. Is 
chosen by many boys who lik« 
the manly air of their elders. 

Style u is to be the most pop- 
ular suit for little fellows whose 
ages are between three and elghi 

Style 12 is suitable to little 
fellows just out of dresses, and 
their mothers prefer not to hav< 
them in jacket and pants, and 
want some kind of a suit different 
from dresses. This style is a go- 

Boys' double breasted knet 
suits are also made ot blue ana 
(an.y cheviot. They are strongly 
mad& and serviceable. There air 
a variety of patterns, suitable roi 
boys from eight to fifteen yearn. 

JSrvuie 1 


Boj ■' three-piece knee suits 
in also made "i dark and fancy 
cheviots and casslmeres, and or 
fine blue serge. They are suita- 
ble for boys between the ages or 
nine and fourteen \ 

Tim re are also Tuxedo suits for 
dress wear, made ol black cloth, 
coats with long silk-faced roll, 
vests low cut. These suits have 
knee pants, and are worn by boys 
from nine to sixteen years of 
a ge. 

Brown Bros. & Co. of San 
Francisco are making a special 
feature of dressy suits for boys, 
and mothers will l" well to In- 
spect their styli -. 

Other suits for boys between 
nine and sixteen years are made 
of blue serge, black clay or blacK 
undress worsteds; also fancy 
worsteds and casslmeres. They 
keep color and wear well. Some 
of these suits are cut on the 
same lines as men's with long, 
narrow lapels, broad shoulders, 
self-restraining fronts, hand-fin- 
ished collars, and hand-made 

Suits for boys from three to 
eight years are made in fine 
serges, blue and red, with trim- 
mings on the collars of the new- 

For children of the same age, 
Russian suits of seal, red, brown 
and royal navy are made. They 
are dressy, and are strongly 
made. Also suits in all wool 
cheviots and flannels are made 
for youths between these ages. 
The suits are neatly trimmed. 

Materials of a heavier grade 
are in boys' frocks, and the edges 
finished as simply as possible in 
the form of a hem. The collars 
and cuffs are turned over. 

Boys' coats are made in several 
styles. The blouse has a full 
belted back and is fastened at 
the left side; the sleeves have 
rolling cuffs. Another style is 
the reaper, which Is douoie- 

Boys' suits for school anil 
everyday wear are also made or 
corduroy material. It makes a. 
pretty coat, looks neat, and 
wears wpII. 


the place 
to buy 

your clothing 
for the 


in all the 



or for the 


in assort- 

pleasing and 
complete is 


Retailing direct 
to you 



Page 46 


December. 1903. 


Co-Operative Medical Co 

DR. JOHN T. KELLETT, Founder, President and Manager 

The charter of the California Co-Operative Medical 
Company was filed on record December" 13, 1901, at 
Eureka, Cal., with fourteen charter members, and a capi- 
talization of $1,000,000, divided into fifty thousand shares 
at twenty dollars each. Nobody can own more than one 
share, which entitles the owner to free medical advice 
and treatment, examination 
and medicine for themselves 
and little ones. 

This company employs 
the very best physicians and 
specialists to be found on 
chronic diseases, which are 
cured without a knife, or leg- 
ature, pain or detention from 

Each member has as much 
voice and power in the man- 
agement of its affairs as any 
other member, and the Initia- 
tive and Referendum which 
gives any five of the members 
the privilege to secure an in- 
vestigation of its affairs, and appeal to the members for a 
change or amendment of by-laws, or rules and regulations. 

They now have a membership of nearly two thousand 
and capitalization of $1,7^0,000 and have paid an average 
dividend of $2.76 per month. 

This Company was organized for the purpose of 
enlightening the people how they could be cured of 
disease and pain without paying for experimenting and 

no benefit. You may say: "how can they do this?" I 
will tell you. They manufacture Oil of Eden, and Sweet 
Spirits of Eden which have proven their marvelous virtue 
as being the most wonderful, effective and valuable com- 
pounds known for the cure of Kidney, Liver, Stomach 
and Nervous Troubles. They are not cheap remedies, 

but are inexpensive cures. 
They are not used like cheap 

A few drops of .the Oil of 
Eden, applied with the end 
of the finger will relax and 
open the pores of the skin, 
dissolve and remove all im- 
purities to the surface with- 
out injury to sound parts. 

Sweet Spirits of Eden will 
regulate the circulation of the 
blood and strengthen the 
nervous system, which reg- 
ulates the whole body. 

When they begin making 
or clearing $1.00 a week on 
an average from each and every one of the 80,000 druggists 
in the United States, each member will draw a dividend 
of $12 a month, even if there were 25,000 members, not 
saying anything about any other business they may enter. 
Shares are now selling for $35, and will raise soon, and 
the longer you wait the more it will cost you. So take 
your choice, if you want a share. Enclose price, name 
nationality, post office of birthplace, age and height. 

Here are a few Testimonials from Prominent People- Hundreds More on Application 

Mrs. Atkinson, of Fruitvale, says, "I suffered from 
rheumatism, liver, kidney, and stomach troubles for 
years. I was helpless and unable to move without 
assistance for twelve years. Six months ago I started 
to use "Oil of Eden" and "Sweet Spirits of Eden"; 
used two small bottles of each and am now well and 
able to "In my own work and go from place to place as 
well as ever. 1 feel that 1 am cured and do not believe 
I will suffer from recurrence of trouble. I gladly re- 
commend these two medicines to all who are afflicted, 
and will gladly tell those who may ask of my wonder- 
ful recovery. MRS. W. J. ATKINSON. 
Brandon St., Fruitvale, Cal. 

W. H. Loomis, M. D., ex-consulting physician of 
Fabiola Hospital, Oakland. Cal., says there have been 
some remarkable cures made of rheumatism, neuralgia, 
eczema and enlarged glands with Kellett's Oil of Eden. 
Sweet Spirits of Eden will positively purify the blood 
and cure chronic constipation, diseased digestion, ner- 
vous prostration and restore losi vitality caused by old 
age, sickness or over-taxation. 

Dr. J. J. Caldwell, of Oakland, says that he uses 
Kellett's Oil of Eden for rheumatism and removing en- 
larged glands and false deposits of the joints. 

Dr. C. F. Clark, San Francisco, says that he has made 
some remarkable cures of rheumatism and eczema with 
Kellett's Oil of Eden. 

Mrs. A. Wells. Eureka, says they have suffered a 
great real with muscular and sciatic rheumatism, lum- 
bago, and pains all through the head, caused Horn 
catarrh and kidney troubles, and have been entirely 
cured with Kellett's Oil and Sweet Spirits of Eden. 

Ankum Cal.. Oct. 3. '03. 
The California Co-operative Medical Co., Oakland Cal. 
I read one of your circulars which came with a bottle 
of your most excellent medicine, "Oil of Eden." We 
have used quite a number of bottles and its merits can't 
be too highly recommended. - Once it saved my daugh- 
ter's life when she was almost dead of scarlet fever. I 
am, "Very Respectfully. Your Well Wisher, 


Mrs. Lizzie Smith, Eureka, says she suffered for three 
years with muscular and inflammatory rheumatism, 
with swollen and stiff joints, and was entirely cured 
with Kellett's Oil and Sweet Spirits of Eden. 

Mrs. C. E. Fardemwalt, of Sacramento. Cal.. writes 
"In answer to your Inquiry of my opinion of Oil of 
Eden, I can say that I have used it in neuralgia, and 
also my brother, P. A. Wise, of New Hope, Cal., has 
used it and cured a case of sciatic rheumatism. It gave 
perfect satisfaction In both cases." 

Dr. B. Hammel, of El Dorado, says that he has cured 
sciatic rheumatism and catarrh of nine years standing 
with Kellett's Oil of Eden. 

Mrs. W. G. Flnton, of French Corrai. Cal., writes: "1 
wish to say that I had suffered for tnirty years with 
neuralgia, and all treatment failed until 1 chanced to 
gel a bottle of OH of Eden, which cured me." 

Mrs. J. E. Phillips. Grass Valley, writes: " I write 
you concerning Oil of Eden. I had suffered for ten 
years with rheumatism; my hands became paralyzed 
and useless with the best medical aid. I heard of 
your remedy and was induced to try it and it has cured 

Dr. A. B. Leak, of Carson City. Nev., says Oil of Eden 
will cure deafness, sore eyes, neuralgia, sore throat, ear 
ache, cancer of the face and rheumatism. 

H. W. McClellan, 723 B street, Eureka, says he has 
used Kel)etfs Oil and Sweet Spirits of Eden for pains 
In the head, back and knees, for sore throat and ner- 
vous troubles, and that they cure. 

Dr. J. W. Lewis, Oakland. Cal.. says that he has prac- 
ticed medicine for thirty-live years and knows of nothing 
to equal Kellett's Oil of Eden for the cure of rheuma- 
tism; ami will cure three-fourths oi ine diseases called 
heart disease. 

Henry Schroder, of 1000 East 15th street. Oakland 
says, in two days - time Oil of Eden cured his knee, which 
had been lame for some time. 


227 E Street, Eureka, Cal. 

Coquille City, Oregon. 

115 S. Fourth St., St. Louis, Mo. 

MAIN OFFICE— 906 Broadway 


December, 1903 


Page 47 




It Is seldom (hat one sees the ver- 
bi ' used In embroidery, and It is the 
more to be wondered at when one con- 
elders ihe beautiful colorings of this 
Hover, the delicate pinks, rich pur- 
ples and deep reds In which It grows. 

There ar» Illustrated here two dif- 
ferent articles, each having the ver- 
bena for the decorative motif, and 

if pink (lowers are desired use 1287%, 
12 The brush 

side dish shown in figure No, 

[0x16 inches, and three of them 

comprise a set if they are used for 

vegetable and relish mats. The siz* 

of the side dishes is 10x16. 

The borders are unique on • 

They can be made with a 
Duchess lace border or the braid may 
be omitted and In place of it a heavy 
padded buttonhole worked over the 
design, in place of the braid, with 
Dresden Floss No. 1201, white. 

The lace stitches can be worked di- 
rectlv on the linen in either green or 
white Dresden Floss, leaving the linen 
under as a background. In this ease, 
work the lace stitches In first and but- 
tonhole afterward. 

In ease Of the brush and comb tray 
and olive dish all the silks would not 
be used, but the number of shades 
requires the amount called for. 


each will be found beautiful worked 
out In one color, or the different sprays 
call be colored differently. 

For Instance, the brush and comb 
tray, figure No. 1, can have clusters 
of purple and red verbenas, or it may 
he worked out in reds alone or purple. 

Three shades will be sufficient to 
work out each little floweret that com- 
prises the clusters, but a wider range of 
color is needed to model a cluster and 
bring out all its beauty. If you de- 
cide to work the red verbena I would 
suggest that you use the geranium red 
line 1601 to 1605, blending the 1606 into 
1208Vj. 1209, 1210. Keep the under 
flowerets darkest, and those that form 
the top of each cluster the lightest. 

In the center of each little floweret 
is a small spot of delicate green, 131Sx. 
If purple verbenas are preferred, use 
1300, 130oy a , 1301. 1301 Vj. 1302, 1303. 


The verbena is not at all difficult to 
work, as very little shading is re- 
quired to get excellent and showy re- 

Speaking of my own preferences I 
should work the border in silks instead 
of using the lace. 

Your Money Bach 

If Not as Represented 

This machine Is not a toy, but a 
practical machine, and uses the same 
records as are used on $100 machines. 
During the next thirty days we will 
send you this machine, with 12 of the 
best cylinder records made, transpor- 
tation charges prepaid, for 59.00. Cut 
out this coupon and mail to us with 
money order for the above amount and 
goods will be forwarded at once. A 
fine Christmas present. Take advan- 
tage of the opportunity offered. 

The machines sent out in response to the advertisement will be equipped 
with the very latest large size reproducer, never before used on a talking 
machine sold at so low a price. The records are particularly fine, being 
the famous Columbia Records, known as the best wherever talking ma- 
chines are used. Our guarantee goes with them. 

Columbia Phonograph Co., Gen'l 


Inclosed find $9.00, for which please forward to me, all charges pre- 
paid, one of your new talking machines (type Q) with 12 of the new 
hard molded records advertised by you with the understanding that you 
will refund the money if I am not satisfied, and return the goods to 
you in five days, or will take them in exchange, allowing me $9 on ac- 
count of any other machine if returned Inside of thirty days from 

We accept this order on above con ditions. 


Holiday money 

go es fa rth est 

^here, in Califi - 

W -ornia's Grandest 

Christmas 6 tore 
where every tiling 
is soid at De- 
partment Store prices. 

The S pecial Di&p/az/ s o fffo/idai/ 
Merchandise , and the savings to be wade 
are worth traveling many miies Jon, 

CaJi/brrz ia _ 

Slippers in BlacK and White Handtterchief Case 

Bed room slippers are not a luxury, 
they are a necessity, and there are 
many styles of these articles, but It 
is very difficult to get a good fitting 
model, one that will not spread run 
over spoce an dleave the foot in cold 

The directions given here will pro- 

duce a slipper that will fit the foot 
snug and trim, and it will stay fitted. 
The imitation of ermine on the toe and 
rolled top Is very effective. 

Cast on 22 stitches of white single 
Germantown, knit plain knitting 42 
times across until an exact square is 
formed, and then knit on ten extra 
stitches which forms the turn-over 

First row. Knit ten in white, put 
In color and finish the 22 stitch. 

Second. Knit 23 colored and 9 white. 

Third. Knit 10 white, 22 colored. 

Fourth. Knit 23 colored and 9 white. 

Fifth. Knit 10 white, slip 2 colored. 

Knit 2 white, slip two colored, knit 
2 white, continue across the needle. 
f> slip, 2 pearl, 2 white, knitting 9 

Sixth row. 10 white. 22 colored. 

Seventh row. 23 colored, 9 white. 

Eighth and ninth same as sixth and 
seventh: tenth and eleventh same as 
fifth and sixth. 

Thirty-five rows are sufficient for 
No. 4 slipper, as they must be 
stretched on the sole. The black 
stitches in the toe and border are 
worked in as one fancies, with needle 
and black knitting silk. 

This handkerchief case Is tooth novel 
and dainty. For It is required about 
half a yard of satin of any delicate 
shade, the same quantity of China silk 
of the same color, some cotton bat- 
ting, thin cardboard, sachet powder, 
about a yard and a half of two and a 
half Inch satin ribbon same color as 
the satin, and one very sheer em- 
broidered lady's linen handkerchief as 
large a size as possible, for whatever 
Its size the handkerchief case will be 
just the same. Cut a square of the 
cardboard about a quarter of an inch 
smaller all around than the handker- 
chlef. but the handkerchief in four 
parts, as shown in the picture, and 
cut triangles of the China silk and 
satin same size as handkerchief sec- 
tions, also cut from one thickness of 
the batting piece the same shape but 
a little smaller than the others. Sew 
the silk and satin together, with the 
batten for an interlining, and sprinkle 
the latter thickly with satchet pow- 
der. Cover one side of the cardboard 
with the China silk, then sew the tri- 
angles of satin wadded with batting 
and lined with the handkerchief piece, 
along the four sides of the square, so 
that they meet at the center of the 
latter. Make a pad of satin, with 
scented batting underneath, to just 
fit In the bottom of the case, glue it 
Into position so that it hides the sewed 
edges of the other portions. Across 
the pad tack strins of half-Inch satin 
ribbon from corner to corner, diagon- 

ally, to hold the handkerchiefs in place. 
Catch the handkerchief pieces to the 
satin ones so that each flap will open 
and shut as one. and finish with a big 
bow sewed to the point of one flap. 

Page 48 


December, 1903 

\ * FANCY WORK * \ 


The*e con- clefl are 

A piece Of linen 

11x30 Inches will be require! to make 


Make a chain of 160 stitches, join 
and pull the loop out 1-3 Inch Ion?, 
put hook through next stitch, pick 
up silk, draw through, pushing up four 
beads, pick up silk and draw through 
2 loops; pick up silk and draw through 
2 again. 

Then make 1 chain stitch, now draw 
out this loop 1-3 inch long, pick up 
silk, put hook through the chain 
stitch, pick up silk and draw through 

Hi.- book. If a silk lining is desired. 
then a piece of silk the same size 
will be needed. In case you line the 
linen cover, sew the linen and silk to- 
gether around the edges, then maki- 
up as described helow. Place the 
linen right side down on a table, take 
the two ends and bring them nearly 
hut not quite to center. A space of 
one-fourth Inch must be left for a 
hinge. Featherstitch the edge with 
silk to match In color the lining. Sew 
the tWO sides i.i' each pocket together. 

Now to keep the book in shape cut 
two cardboard covers just a little nar- 
rower than the depth of the pocket. 
The ribbon bows should toe made out 
of the best quality of silk or satin 

as loop just made, 4 beads, pick up 
silk, draw through 2, pick up silk and 
draw through the 2 left, make a chain 
stitch, put hook through fourth loop 
In chain, pick up silk, draw through. 
pick up silk, draw through 2, make n 
chain stitch, and proceed as before 
until this double crochet is made all 
around the chain, putting a stitch In 
every 4th stitch of the chain. 

Second round — Make the double 
crochet just as before, taking up the 
stitch where the chain stitch was 
made In the 1st round, making it as 
deep as one desires it to be. 

This bag is lined with silk of any 
color, and may be finished with the 
"gate top" of silver, or with crochetted 
rings, through which a ribbon may 
be run. 

$165?2 piANO 

Write or call for information 

on our $165.00 Piano. 

S6.00 down and $6.00 per 


Other houses charge $225.00 

for the same instrument. 




Post and Kearney Streets 


Let Me See Your Face 

I will tell you, without charge, how to keep your skin young and your complex- 
ion clear and fresh; how to preserve your hair and keep your scalp pure and 




Lincoln Bldg. 





i. 'm 



m. ' ~B m 




B '< ' Jh 

1 ' 1 wWW 



To be entirely successful in life you must appear an the times at your best. 
All the loveliness of diameter, all the fiiace of manner and all the brilliancy 
of Intellect that challenge admlrailim, If hidden behind a wrinkled, blemished 
face, dull eyes and deformed features are apt to he passed unnoticed by the busy 

With scientific, systematic, thorough treatment, I speedily, permanently and 
cure pimply faces, blackheads, large nores, blotches, dandruff, scale, crust, 
and all irritated, Inllamed or eruptive conditions of the skin and scalp, stop hair 
falling, fading, splitting, and promote a strong, healthy growth. 

I remove, painlessly, moles, warts, wens, cysts, scars, red veins, superfluous 
hair and nil unsightly, humiliating or embarrassing bit mishes on, In or under the 
skin without leaving a mark or any tiace of former existence. 

You can't afford to have vour tuee tampered with by unreliable, inexperi- 
enced men and women — so cnlled beauty specialists — who make all sen-; of 
promises and glvi worthless guarantees to perform miracles they know arc Im- 
possible and can never be accomplish I. 

A physical examination of Mrs, V P. McCabe, who has had one side of her f ice 
treated by Dr. Williams, was round to be free from wrinkles, freckles and of a 
youthful, healthy pink complexion, and a healthy luster t" the eye, while on the 
other sire of tlie face remained wrinkles, freckless yellow and flabby, baggj 
tissue ahoxe and helow tin eye and no Ulster In the eye. 

C. H. H„ M. D. 

SAN FRANCISCO. Cal.. July 14. 1003. 

Dr Williams' treatment Is really wonderful. I find my deep lines and wrinkles 
have disappeared, the skin smooth and soft, my eyes are stronger and better, 
and altogether I have a different expression, B. S. 

SAN FRANCISCO. July 3. 1903 

Your treatment for the eradication of deep wrinkles, yellow and flabby skin 
is Indeed remarkable. Mv skin is soft and clear where previously it had been 
very bad. I wish to congratulate you upon your simple method. I shall always 
remember you with gratitude. S. D. 

SAN FRANCISCO. July 3. 1903. 

Have just finished treatment for the renewal of the skin and cannot speak 
too highly of his remarkable ability. The result Is so entirely satisfactory and 
pleasing and the Inconvenience such a mere trifle any one contemplating the 
treatment should have no fear of suffering any pain whatever. MISS A. M. S. 

Original copies and addresses at office. 

The Beauty of Our Wild Flowers 


Now as to wild flowers. In what 
abundance and beauty I have seen 
them this summer, traveling along the 
country roads as I have been doing. 
I have seen clover this summer in 
shades that I have never seen be- 
fore, one being about our 1541 Amer- 
ican Beauty shade, and such magnifi- 
cent heads— as big as a large walnut 
Our Buttercups, with their varnished 
petals, that silk can so much better 
reproduce than paint, but that we can- 
not make all one shade, as much 

as we sometimes 

would like to, be- 
cause we must have 

our form, as the 

name indicates, and 

and so we take our 

three or four 

shades), and our 

light green for the 

few French knots 

right in the center. 

the yellow one all 

around the green 

up onto the petals. 
And what shall 

we say about our 

pure white daisies? 
I don't like to see 

them growing along 

the side of the road. 

They are never so 

clean and beautiful 

as when shut In a 

field quite a bit 

away. As they are 

the emblems of <* 

purity, modesty 

and beautiful young 

womajihood, may we '*— 

learn a lesson here. 
Business women I 

are often, too often, 

a necessity, but do 

not covet it, for she 
has many times to swallow large 
doses of things most bitter.. I am 
speaking now of the cultured woman 
who has had to forego the shelter of 
her home. But I have strayed away 
from my beautiful daisies. We have 
now most perfect shading for white 
flowers, as you know, if you have 

seen the shadow tones. All these ex- 

tensions and improvements make me 
eager to find some time to try them. 
All white flowers must have their 
shadows and toning, the Incomplete 
petals being done first and the com- 
plete ones being almost wholly pure 
white, then the green in the Immediate 
center and the yellow surrounding It, 
both in French knots. 

I saw daisies this summer 2% Inches 
in diameter, very long stalks and 
carrying themselves in a most queenly 
way. Modest, yet queenly, something 


~ .r. 






worth copying. There are many more 
wild flowers, but these we all know 
and love, and they are with us all 
summer. I would like to speak of the 
marvelous beauty (don't laugh) of the 
dandelion, especially the blow, but I 
am afraid your last shred of patience 
would be gone, but look for yourself, 
and look to see. 

December, 1903 


Page 49 

Young Lady's Novel Enterprise 


MH Hay D. Doane, a worthy and 
ii i ving young lady, living at 
Market Strei i 'regon, has 

Inaugurated a noved enterprise — can- 
vassing by telephone — her number is 
2900 Being an helpless Inva- 
lid and unable to personally solicit. 
she had a telephone placed in her 
Minn, and " rincs up" those whom 
he finnk- would like to subscribe for 
the California Ladles' Magazine, and 
she is meeting with wonderful succ 
Were she physically able, no doubt 
she would become one of the lead ink- 
business women of the country, for she 
has shown that she Is gifted with 
business qualification In undertaking 
tiiis little agency enterprise. 

Hers in a lonely and sad life! She 
has been an Invalid for eighteen years, 
anil confined to her room for the past 

m the daughter of a pioneer 
nary, the Rev. Dr. Doane. My 
are very fei :d poor. 

rhey cannot help me much, as 
-h to do, Anu so, i am try- 
ing In the only possible way. for me 

help earn the money m 
tor my recovery t«. healtli. From early 
Childhood T have been an invalid, and 
tlnual sufferer from spinal dls- 
evere falls. I have 
ly for eight- 
een years, anil confined to my bed 
most of that time. Foi mans 
my case was considered hopeless, but 
new methods and new treatments have 
i n so beneficial that now my phy- 

belleve I can be cured, if I 
can only continue the right treatment 
long enough. 

"My method of work is very simple: 


six years. In this little room, her only 
world, is her "office." On the walls 
are the texts to whlcn ner eyes fre- 
quently turn: "In God We Trust," 
"He Cares for You!" "Look unto 
Jesus!" and near by on a table is her 
Prayer Book. 

A writer for the California Ladies' 
Magazine called upon Miss Doane with 
a view of penning a short sketch of 
herself and her new enterprise. At 
first she was inclined not to talk 
"for publication," but upon being told 
that her "agency" was something novel 
and that she was entitled to credit for 
her ingenuity, she finally consented. 
In these few words, she related the sad 
history of her lonely lifj. and it is 
hoped, in the Interests of suffering 
humanity that substantial aid will 
be extended her, for she certainly de- 
serves encouragement and assistance: 

Novelty Photo Fan 


Thanks to kind friends, I have a tele- 
phone, which can be piacea at my 
side on the bed. I ask my friends 
for lists of names of their reading 
friends and acquaintances who have 
telephones, and then I call them, 
and introduce myself and my work — 
meeting almost always with courtesy 
and kindness. Every movement, and 
all writing costs me additional pain, 
for I can only use the telephone while 
lying down, and then only on such 
days as my strength will permit. 

"I was much attracted by the Cal- 
ifornia Ladies' Magazine, which has 
become so popular throughout the 
West. It Is so bright and piquant, 
and so full of that which every lady 
cares to know, that it wins upon Its 
own merits, and I feel confident that I 
can secure a good many subscribers 
for it." 

Something New 

For Bead Workers 


The most beautiful and artistic article 
ever ofTered; hold any cabinet sized 
photograph or camera picture. No pret- 
tier way ever devised for showing photos. 
Very natty for den, parlor, private room, 
student's room, or office. Can be hung 
on the wall, placed in a corner, or on 
the piano. 

Just like cut. made of finest mat or 
poster board, either bottle green, ruby 
red, pearl gray, or chocolate brown, dec- 
orated with ribbon to harmonize; rivet- 
ed together, so thai it can be opened 
and closed at will. Size when open 22x 
12 in., when closed 6x12 in. Send 30 
cents for one to-day. You will want 
more when you see It. A set of four 
fans, one of each color, sent postpaid for 
one dollar. 

Agents, Wanted. ..Liberal Terms. 


169 Park St., 



To each applicant for our catalogue. 
New York's Specialty Handkerchief 

The Remona Bead Cabinet answers the 
question "where shall I keep my beads?" 
It has ten compartments, a spool rack 
and magnifying glass for threading 
needles, is ten inches high and made 
from fancy wood; price $150 

We will send a complete outfit for bead 
work, consisting of one loom for weaving 
belts, chains and fobs, one instruction 
book containing numerous designs, need- 
les, thread and six colors of Indian beads 
for $1.00. 

Out elegant eight-strand ^raided chains 
two yards long, heavy tassel, are $1.75, all 
colors and combinations of colors. 

Indian woven belts, $2.50; watch fobs, 
75c; woven bracelet, with fringe, 50c 

Indian beads 24c a bunch, one ounce 

Indian baskets and curios— Headquart- 
ers for all supplies. 

We will send you a beautiful woven 
bead thimble case for 15c. All goods sent 

Write for further Information to 


Bead and Curio Co. 

Dept. A, San Francisco, Cal. 


of course you do. But if you don t 
use our Raw Silk Friction towels af- 
ter your bath you don't know what 
the glow of health means, nor how 
voune you can feel. Sample buc. 
Lar K er size 76c. postpaid. Try one 
and you will be telling all your 

friends how nice it Is. 

Raw Silk Wash Rags, 15c apiece, or 
two for 26c. 

311 Walnut St., Philadelphia, Pa. 










Standard size, richer in case, more complete In action, and better ev- 
eryway than styles heretofore sold for $400.00 and over. We need not say 
din- word as to the quality of 


The style we offer is one of the most popular that the Smith & Barnes 
factory has ever produced. We have 100 of this style to sell, and that fact 
will explain the remarkably low price. 


$10.00 Cash and $7.00 monthly until paid, only $300 

$25.00 Cash and $10.00 monthly until paid $285 

Half Cash and balance in six months $285 

Spot Cash $255 


Think of it! Only $300 for the favorite Smith & Barnes piano on easy 
terms — only $7.00 monthly until paid for. , 

A piano of this style from almost any maker, would cost at least $375.00 
on these terms, and for less money we give you the Smith & Barnes — an old, 
established make, representing much more actual musical value, and twice 
the durability. This proposition makes it the most enticing piano proposi- 
tion ever offered you. 

In our quarter of a century in the piano business, we have never before 
known so much piano value given for the money. It Is really a wonderful 

Smith & Barnes pianos are of the best grade, and always please pur- 
chasers. Tou take no chances whatever in buying a Smith & Barnes. 
We will ship it promptly. We ship pianos everywhere. 

Anyone interested In the above proposition, write to Department C for 
full particulars. 


(The Wiley B. Allen Bldg.) 931-933 MarKet Street 


French Ribbon Embroidery 


This lovely work needs a fitting 
background of soft toned silk or satin. 
Cream gray, pompadour blue and 
pink, delicate canary are all especially 

The material needed to carry out 
the design is Filo floss for stems, veins 
and tendrils. 

Very narrow pompadour ribbon 
shaded In pink, blue, green, yellow, 
red, purple and white; one edge of 
the' ribbon is dark, the other edge is 
a pale shade of the dark color. 

The pattern must be specially de- 
signed for the work, and the flowers 
most used are forget-me-nots, button 
bush rose, buttercup, pompadour pink 
rose, star clematis, lilac, tiny purple 
asters and miniature daisies. 

A long eyed tapestry needle with 
sharp point and slender body will be 
necessary, and the background should 
be tightly stretched in hoop or frame. 
Use the ribbon exactly as you would 
use silk. Do not draw it too tight, as 
the flower should stand out well from 
the background. The double roses are 
made by gathering one edge of the 
ribbon and commencing on the outer 
edge of the flower, sew It with a fine 
needle and thread around the stamped 
outline of the rose. The daisies are 
made with a single stitch from tip of 
petal to center. Forget-me-nots are 
made In the same manner; also lilacs. 
In double flowers when the outer 
edges are to be darker than the cen- 
ter, the ribbon must be gathered on 
the light edge. Some petals can be 
made like a daisy loop with excellent 
effect. I have not tried clover yet, 
but will later, as I think it will work 
out effectively. 

The photo frame shown worked In 
pink double rose, forget-me-nots and 
white star clematis is exquisite on a 
pearl gray or pompadour pink silk 
ground. The ribbon tying them should 
be a shade lighter than the back- 
ground, but of the same color; two 
threads of Filo floss can be used for 
working the ribbon. The pillow can be 
worked out in the same manner, using 
the coloring for the flowers, except 


that on one side of the stem in each 
corner the roses could be worked pink, 
while on the other side they could 
be yellow button bush. 

The work is fascinating. It is quick- 
ly and easily accomplished, and with 
very little practice the amateur can 
produce the most exquisite work. 

Page 51 1 


December, 1903. 


Th* Gre»t Syrian Remedy 


yeora in Syria. 
Jj A«U. where c 

(be Sy- 


: 1 with 
as h»l- on Face. Neck. Ann: 

Beyara Is the Only Substitute for Electrolysis 
The first p ■• in us can 

obtain FREE ■ large treatise on Superfluous Hair, and a 
Fall Slio package of Beyara FREE. 
Don't del Uret (rum your lo- 

cality. Attractive Terms to Agents. Ladli 

THE BEYARA CO., 255 Albany Building, Cincinnati, Ohio. 

The Knowledge How to Possess It 

Would 700 ban i I 
free from nil asravrny 

HH full, 1 .1 ■ 1 1 1 1 ] . iniil n 

mar cosily obtiln Itiet 

write to Mme. Ha-.nn/. 
Form and Faoi SpeoTa 
•ystem of. flere apiuenl 
■tlmulates the ii ivolnpln 
plump all tin' rial nail 
most fascl i I 

'inn second to none, perfectly 
nmi Hollow places, and a bum 

wold d calro 5 Jfon 

ie Inestimable blessings if yon 

I, the iniirveiiiii-i iqi i ei rui 

list of Chicago fur her famous 

■ dlscorery which vigorously 

<if nutnre and makes 

SUnkCD places nud which creates 

(1 bonoUful curves. It enlarges 

tho bust measure G mclioi 

neck plump ami round. The Nsdine system Is the one 
praised so highly bv ii-iidiug society women every- 
where, it la perfectly harmless and failure Is un- 
known- Spoolal instructions aro Riven to thin women 
to gain 15 to 30 lbs. more in weight and round out 
tho ontlro form. While using (bin treatment yon will 
receive constant cure by mail until yon nro entirely 
dovolopod, 1'romineiil physicians highly lndonto and 
prscrlne It because ol Its great superiority over every- 
thing else kuown fur physical development. Uinm request ninl a stamp for postage n 
CBlcd In a plain wrapper, will be sent yon Containing beautiful photon and full 

motion bow i" develop yourself at borne. Do nut fall to write at once to 

MME. HASTINGS, F. C, 59 Dearborn St., Chicago, Ills. 

n«^:< ^ €«^€€C C C C €fe € €€ € €: €€€ €«>€6€^€€€66€i£€€-:€€€«>:€6e«56€:€€€ea/ 





to&$99tt99&&&3&a99&9&ȣ$&993&$*&9&&&S3$&&$9&9&&&3&&S$3 l 


Manufacturers of TRICYCLES, TRI- 
Chairs sold, rented and exchanged. Cata- 
logue on application. 

2024 Market St., San Francisco, or 534 
Broadway, Los Angeles, Cal. 

Watohes, Diamonds, BUvei 
To do business and make 



offers this month 

Prettiest of all Teaspoons 


Heavily silver plated — wearing 
parts solid silver — warranted 
25 yrs. 3 spoons, SI— 6 spoons, 
S2. If not perfectly satisfied, your money will be 
promptly returned. Anyway, send for catalog. 

EDWARD H. THiELENB, 103 BUte Bt, Chicago 

Indispensable to All Readers 1 . 

Latest Literature 

Books, Magazines and Authors 
Monthly, 50 Cents a Year. 

Reviews a lurge number nud great variety of 
books. Keep posted In current literature by read- 
ing LATEST LITERATURE. Special department 
for WRITERS; other departments are: About Au- 
thors, New and Forthcoming Boohs, Literary 
Notes, Reference Lists nf selected books on 
various topics, etc 

Subscribe NOW. Send for free Bomple copy 
and special Introductory offer. 

C. A. HULING, Editor and Publisher, 

91 Dearborn Street, - CHICAGO 

I TH to use La France Cream, a perfect 

I I preparation for a clear and beautiful 

pAVC complexion. Trial size, 10c. Regu- 

I f^ I <^ lar price, 25c. Agents wanted. 

UNION SPECIALTY Co. Dcpi. L Si. Louis. Mo. 


****** VV*\%V\%\V**W\\\V*W%\%%\*\»\\\*\\%*%*%%\\\\**\*%V»V%V\**\**\V*v 

■ ilie Le- 
Of the in ii 

te cement valuable friena- 
her husband influ- 

for h i nious 

mingling of natio guests 

tlng Greek. Persian. Turkish. 
ii. Armenian, Russian, Engl 

od one Japani Po 

■ i 
I, but only thirteen «JH - 


pposlte the 

As the guests 

arrived, some on horseback, a tew on 

.• in coupes, bul Hun,, in 

n , hali s, the 

In the konak opposite could be faintly 

seen pressed against the kafass, for- 

Fuad Pasha was one of the I "■ sts, and 

none of his wives could accompany 

him. Hadji Rassim Effendi was 

other. There wer mew bank 

directors, the Persian ambassador and 

inese consul. 

The Greek and Armenian ladles were 

i i> lily dressed in heavy silks and vel- 

under their fur-lined wraps. The> 

wore a profusion of jewels of barbaric 

design. These ladies rlol in bright 

colors and dazzling effects, and on this 

occa -mil were painted i ed and white 

and had their eyebrows blackened. 

The other ladies were handsomi 

ken pie filled the table, with 

the nil sin ill things, such 

es, etc. Everything 

Win re, and pun 

the Turks and P 

ed. The 


big hotel, i and 

Armi i come to dinner, and 

o ii. The n 

HUM e cli cumspi ct, 

of bread they consumi mnd - 



with Badjl Rassim 

i : 1 1 - : 'i he h id II 

orthodox Turk of the o I 'uad 

i hi s mi.-, but he was in 

> : i . - 1 ill his ob- 

30 he took w Ine, \s the 
ed,- -til Ine began 
in loosen tongues, and one would have 
in. 'i oneself In a new I ; ibel, Jests 
.iii.i couplets were made and toasts 
passed back and forth In all thi thir- 
teen i.'niguages spok'-n, 
The dlnnei laf ■ ' > three 

The dessert i onslsted ol 
ilium pudding ■ o\ ered with blaz- 
ing rum and several Hne mlnci plea. 
Che Turks seemed to have an Instinct- 
ive fear of a pudding blazing with 

s.i I. mi.' blue lights, and h mince 

pie or fruits. As so much of the 
Turkish cookery Is based on minced 
meats the Turks thought the mince 
pies were safe. The Greeks and Ar- 
menians managed both pie md fruits, 
and ate with a "good coming appe- 


dressed, but it remained for the two 
Jewish ladies to exhibit fine diamonds 
in extravagant numbers. 

In such a mixed assemblage it was 
almost impossible to establish any- 
thing like sociability, and the poor 
hostess grew haggard with the effort. 
The Turks looked on with preter- 
natural gravity and bowed with ex- 
ceeding politeness on all occasions. 
The Persian ambassador might have 
been a wooden image for all the ex- 
pression on his face. The Albanian 
stood in a corner in solitary p-randeur, 
"his stiffly starched fustanelle standing 
cut like a ballet dancer's skirt. Tht 
Japanese consul smiled and bowed 
right and left with praiseworthy im- 
partiality. The Englishmen stood m 
a group, while the Greek, French and 
Armenian got together and were soon 
talking with animation, while tne 
word "parades" fell from their lips 
as if money was the only thing worth 
mention. The Russian, Spanish, Ital- 
ian and German gentlemen paid strict 
attention to the ladies, who sat in the 
two upper parlors, while the men ap- 
propriated the main room. 

Miss Laffan-Hanly, the very pretty 
daughter of the host and hostess, 
played Christmas carols on the piano, 
but nobody listened, and It was a re- 
lief when dinner was announced. It 
was understood that the dinner was 
to be representative of the Christmas 
in England, and so there was a roast 
of beef of astonishing proportions fol- 
lowing an enormous boiled flsh on a 
wooden tray. Two monstrous turkeys 

tite" everything offered them. Then 
came coffee and cigars, and the ladies 
went back upstairs. 

Mr. Laffan-Hanly had his cue to 
bring the gentlemen "all up as soon as> 
he could, so that they might have 
some Christmas cames, They had be- 
come a little more sociable among 
themselves, but as soon as they were 
back among the women the different 
elements separated again into their 
component parts, and it was desperate 
work to get them interested in snap- 
dragon. The Turks seemed to fear 
the flames of alcohol, and would not 
even try to pull out the plums. 

Finally one of the Greeks sang one 
of the native seesaw caterwauling 
songs, and after that the games were 
given up in favor of an impromptu 
dance. The Persian and the Tunta 
looked on gravely while the rest 
danced. They maintained their Im- 
passible gravity until Hadji Rassim 
Effendi signified that he wanted to go 
home. He had, secure in his belief of 
the innocence of the pie. eaten three 
big pieces. And the crust was short- 
ened with the fat of the "unutterable 

His departure broke up the party. 
Not one of them had understood any- 
thing of the object lesson on an En- 
glish Christmas, in spite of all the 
languages spoken. 

The poor hostess' hair turned white 
that night, and next week her hus- 
band's newspaner type was distrib- 
uted in the Bosporus. Hadji Rassim 
was the press censor. 


-~- :7 

• ■ . ■ - ■ 

Square Cake! Yellow Label, f 

Golden Gate Compressed Yeast : 

The Best for all Kinds of 



December, 1903. 


Page 51 


miki-.-i i ' ndrew But- 

[ngly did sigh-. 

«ed to hug 

l Fly. 

his nose 

■; . 


;'t'im ; 

.Just I 




Then : 

A ju- 

rew Bug 
He tut ned »luf, 

"Ah, ii • rld« 

With whon i been." 

isi the freight 


As the Christ-Child played one day 
with His little companions, they shaped 
from the clay, on the river's brink, 
tiny s] .arrows, and set them around 
the pools, left by the rain, as if they 
were drinking. 

The Little Christ exclaimed: "See 
how prettily they drink! Now shall I 
make them sing and fly away?" 

"Nay," answered the boy Judas with 
a frown, "that Thou canst not do. They 
are naught but clay." 

But Our Lord said: "Fly, fly little 
sparrows! and while ye live remember 
Me." And the birds spread their wings 
and flew, singing into the sunshine. 

Then Judas smote our Lord, and 
said : "Thou art a sorcerer ! My mother 
oft hath told me, and warned me not to 
play with Thee, and I will do so no 
more. ' ' 

But the Child gazed at him sadly, and 
said: "Ah, Judas! thou hast struck 
My side, and that is where the spear 
shall pierce Me when I die." 

But the other children wondered, and 
some loved, and some feared, and some 
played no more with him. 

And it is told to this day how a spar- 
row tried to loose the nail that pierced 
its Lord's right hand when, thirty years 
after, He hung dying on the Cross' tree. 

"Good day. Miss Fly," said gallant hug, 

"Yourself I'm glad to see; 
Suppose we have a little chat 

And then a cup of tea." 

"I thank you. sir." she curtly said. 

"I left some friends at home. 
And mother thinks It -is not well 

Kor me so late to roam." 

"Excuse me. sir," So->hronia said; 

"I really cannot stay." 
Then up she raised her silky wings 

As If she'd fly away. 

She lifted up her big black eyes 
And said to him. "How dare 

You. Andrew Bug, to make so rree 
And come to me so near. 

"Get off my back, you ugly brute." 

Antonious cried aloud. 
You are the boldest, fussiest thing 

In all the flying crowd." 

To shake her off with might and main 

In vain did Andrew trv. 
The more he shook the firmer sat 

Pert Miss Sophronla Fly. 

When ily was fully satisfied, 

She flew into a tree. 
And sang to Bug: "You lost your treat; 

You will not feast on me." 

Poor Andrew rave one wistful look, 
Then turned upon his side. 

He could not brook the great dereat. 
He breathed his last and died. 

Page 52 


December, 1903. 




ttchable <xQu. 


»od WlnUr 1903 
ud ISM Catklocn* No. 023 will to milUd FREE. 

■ ;.-. liaise variety cf 

LADIES' WAISTS (Bilk. Flunnel and Vesting 


M. PHILIPSBORN, 138 to 144 Slate St., Chicago 


It's Your Own Fault 

II Your HlllrC •« Out 

You Can Stop it with 

' 8£££m TONIC 

Send for our free booklet on 
Hair Knowledge. 

Iowa City, Iowa. 

A Good Thing 



Routes, Trains 
Resorts. Hotels 

Answers questions about Trav- 
el, vacation places, hotel, ex- 
pense, distance, etc. and about 
industries and opportunities in 



able, artistic, interesting, $1.00 
per year 

Booklets and Folders free of 
agents, or at 





Call on or Write 


. . 124 Sansome Street 



MKI t t l OtM 


laxve salary always await an 
expert ItooS-Kecper. We teach 
you book-keeping thoroughly 
by mail, and make absolutely 
no rliartro for tuition nnlll we 
place yon In a pat lug position. 
If you wish to better yourself, 
write for our guarantee oiler 
and our FBKE book 
on "Business" 

Commercial Correspondence School. 
139 L. School Bldgs., Rochester, N. T. 

When makli aya warm the 

basin before mixing the ingredients — 
il makes it a? light again, 

If when cleaning silver you moisten 
in. powdei with methylated spirit. In- 
stead "i water, it "ill clean easier and 
no I tarnish so quickly. 

Frying pans, if black inside, should 
1 ith a crust of bread and 

led with hot soda and water. 
If a few drops of vinegar be added 
to the water In which eggs are poached 
they will set more quickly and per- 

When cleaning knives mix a tiny bit 
of 1 arbonate of soda with me bath- 
brick on the knife board, and they will 
polish moie easily. 

Black lace can be cleanea and fresh- 
ened by washing it in cold coffee, dry 
away from the tire, and, when nearly 
dry. lion with a cool iron, on the wrong 
side, on two thicknesses of flannel. 

To try if eggs are fresh place them 
In a basin of water. If fresh they 
Will sink; but if not fresh they will 
become more or less sunken, and if 
quite stale they will float on top of 
the water. 

Warts may be cured by rubbing 
them three or four times a day with a 
potato. Cut of the end and rub the 
wart with the freshly cut part. A 
slice must be cut off after each rub- 

The bolster roll has taKen the place 
of the large pillows with shams. It is 
covered with the same material as the 
spread, which matches either the drap- 
eries of the room or the wall finish. 

White wall paper In stripes and 
moire effects are In high favor for bed- 

When selecting hangings a good plan 
to follow is to choose plain ones when 
the walls have figured paper and with 
plain walls the hangings should be of 
figured material. 

The white ivory keys of a piano 
should never be cleaned with water, 
which discolores them. Instead, they 
should be rubbed over with a soft flan- 
nel or piece of silk dipped in oxigeniz- 
ed water, which can be obtained at 
all chemists, and when the notes are 
stained or greasy use methylated spir- 
its, gin or diluted whisky. 

The toughest fowl can be made eat- 
able, if put in cold water — plenty of it 
and cooked very slowly from five to 
six hours. 

The addition of a tablespoonful of 
cream to brown gravy makes it de- 
liciously rich. It is also a desirable 
ingredient in beef tea. 

The water in which rice is boiled is 
too valuable to be thrown out. Add 
tomatoes to it and make a soup for 
the next day's luncheon or dinner. 

Water for boiling fish should always 
be at the boiling point before the fish 
is put in. Salt and a few teaspoonfulls 
of vinegar should also have been add- 

To broil salt codfish soak the fish to 
remove the salt, dry with a cloth, 
broil over a clear Are for ten or fif- 
teen minutes. When cooked pour 
melted butter over it and serve hot. 

Better than baking the pie crust in- 
side the tins and pricking to prevent 
puffing, is to turn the tin upside down, 
fold the crust over it and naxe thus. 
Turn the crust upon an earthen plate 
and fill with lemon or any soft fill- 
ing desired. 

Cover a soiled white felt hat with a 
cake of magnesia and let it remain in 
that condition over night. Unless 
the case is an extreme one, the grime 
will go with the magnesia when it is 
brushed off. Pulverized French chalk 
left for several hours over a blemish 
made by milk on a wool fabric will 
usually restore the cloth to its orig- 
i inal color. If the stain is not a stub- 
born one it will yield to a sponging 'n 
diluted alcohol. 

To remove mildew, mix lemon juice 
with salt, powdered starch and soft 
snap. Apply with a brush, and lay in 
the sun, or you may rub soap on the 
spots, scrape chalk on them, moisten 
and lay in the sun. 

To wash a lace collar, first sew the 
lace with long stitches upon a double 
thickness of white flannel, plunge in- 
to warm soapsuds and wash, then 
rinse In clear water, to which a little 
borax and blueing have been added. 
Gently squeeze in the hand, place be- 
tween dry flannel and press till dry 
with a hot iron. 

TO prevent the fringe of towels 
1 doilies from breaking and wear- 
ing off Bnap the artii le when the fringe 

K .1 garment is badly scorched in 
Ironing lay It in the brightest sunshine 
you can rind, and unless the fabric is 
i the stain will .ill come out. 

Dry colored cambrics indoors and if 

possll 1 kened room, 1 ir notb- 

Is more likely to bleach colored 

on than strong llghl upon II while 

11 1 .-- wet. 

Old stains may be removed from 
white goods by Boaking the article in 
1 tveak solution of chloride of lime, a 
tablespoonful of lime to eight quarts 
of water. 

When washing sateen or any cotton 
fabric with a satin finish put a little 
borax in the last rinsing water. This 
will cause the material to be glossy 
when ironed. 

When washing muslin curtains al- 
ways rinse them in alum water, which 
does not spoil their color and renders 
them non inflamable. Allow two 
ounces of alum to a gallon of water. 

When it is necessary to wring 
Clothes out of very hot water, instead 
of scalding the hands, as may easily 
happen, lift the cloth from the water 
With a fork into a vegetable or fruit 
press and squeeze out the water. 

White veils may be nicely cleaned by 
soaking for half an hour in a solu- 
tion of ivory or castlle soap. Then 
press between the hands until clean. 
Rinse in clear water. Make a cupful 
of very weak starch or gumarabic 
water, soak the veil in it a few mo- 
ments, then clap In the hands until 
nearly dry. Spread a towel over a pil- 
low and pin the lace in each point 
smoothly over it. letting it remain un- 
til perfectly dry. 

If you find scratches on the wood- 
work made by matches, rub quickly 
with a slice of lemon, then with whit- 
ing, and last of all with a cloth 
wrung out in soapy water. 

Gloves that have been wet should 
be allowed to dry in a cool room. When 
they are dry, the pliability may be re- 
stored by massaging them with olive 

It is little known that silk may be 
cleaned by sponging the soiled parts 
in the water that potatoes have been 
boiled in. 

To clean oil paintings, take a raw 
potato and rub it with the addition 
of a very little water, over the paint- 
ing until it begins to lather. Wipe 
this off with a soft, wet sponge. Con- 
tinue this until the paintings look 
clean. Change the potato If necessary, 
then wash with tepid water and wipe 
perfectly dry with a soft silk rag. 

China that has borders and decora- 
tions of gold should be washed in hot 
water without soap. The mildest 
soaps will in time dull tne gilt and 
wear it away. 

Occasionally when colored articles 
of silk, cotton or wool have been clean- 
ed their color requires to tie made 
deeper. At other time it may be de- 
sirable to change the color altogether. 
Any color on re-dyeing will take a 
darker tint than at first. It is gener- 
ally necessary to take out the color 
in the stuff if it is to be dyed another 
color. Most colors can be faded out by 
boiling the articles in water with a 
small quantity of spirits of salts in 
it. White silk and cotton goods can be 
dyed almost any color, but as cotton, 
silk and wool all take dye differently 
it is almost impossible to re-dye any 
fabric or mixed stuff any color except 
a very dark one. It is better in most 
cases to first steep the article in a so- 
lution of alum and water before dye- 
ing. Remember always when dyeing 
gloves to sew up the tops to prevent 
the du3t from getting in. 

No need of cutting off a woman's breast 
or a man's cheek or nose In a vain at- 
tempt to cure cancer. No need of apply- 
ing burning plasters to the llesh and tor- 
turing those already weak from suffer- 
ing. Soothing, balmy, aromatic oils give 
safe, speedy and certain cure The most 
horrible forms of cancer of the face, 
breast, womb, mouth, stomach; large tu- 
mors, ugly ulcers, fistula, catarrh; ter- 
rible skin diseases, etc.. are all success- 
fully treated by the application of va- 
rious forms of simple oils. Send for a' 
book, mailed free, giving particulars and 

S-ices of Oils. Address the home office, 
r. D. M. Bye Co.. Box J62, Dept. W., 
Dallas, Texas. 


Dining Parlor 


Oakland, Cal. 

Is the place if you want Meals 
just like you get at home. 


Half a dozen shell 
Hair Pins and 
our 1904 •Illus- 
trated catalog. 
Fadeless Switches. $1 
nnd up, aecordlug to 
size, sent on approval. 
adapted for covering 
gray nnd Btreuked 
hair, 18. Send sample of hair with order. 

1GB BUte- Street, Okicago. 


Perfect Fitting WIGS 
for Ladles and Gentle- 
men. Stylish Pompa- 
dours, Wiw Switohes, 
93 up. Complexion beno- 

Illustrated Catalogue Free 

70 SUte Street, Chicago. 

Special Coupon No. 5710. Good for $2.00 


Most rational and common sense 
methods known. CUT THIS OUT and 
try the treatment at our expense. 


139 Post St., San Francisco, Cal. 


Manufacturers and Jobbers 
of the 

Silver Purses 


Chain Bags 

New and Large Lino of 

Fencing Girl Novelties 

If Interested call at headquarters 
and see these goods. 
J ; Storekeepers, write for samples 

125 &. 127 SANSOME ST., 


The Secret of the Pines, ' 

A Cushion tilled wlih fibre made/ 
of Pine Needles Soft, sooth- 
ing, sanitary. The breath of ihe 
Western Forest for tired, aching 
"' heads. This Fibre Is made by a pro- 
cess which retains all the medicinal 
/alue and fragrance of Pine Needles 
Ihe only process accorded U. S. paienls, 
\ 80x20 Inch Pine Needle Fibre Filled 
Cushion sent postpaid for 95 cents. 
' Pacific Pine Neodle Co., 

3M-a Sutter St., S.F., Cal. 
| Write for Clrcular.Factorle: 
Grant's Pass, Ogn., and 
" l Francisco, Calif. 

December, 1903. 


Page 53 


Th» origin of the above style of em- 
ir is not authentically known, 
but it la tc-nerally credited to the 
neJ, Ireland. Orlgin- 
very crude sort of work, 
immon knitting yarn, ana 
with a meager variety of stitches. 
To-day the work is amongst the most 
decorative of modern embroideries, 
and no material is considered too rich 
to be decorated with Mount Melllck. 
In best taste, however, are the cushion 
and table covers of unfinished linens 
in natural colors or Fancy dyes, em- 
b ' red v. iih white or self-tones 
with rope silk. In this connection I 


There should be a deep hemstitched 

hem. then the border, and above it 

"f double drawn work. 

The border may be in white or a line 

Thus if th m old 

i- border can be worked out 

with three or four shades of old rose. 

i background, and a range of 

ides are also lovely. I have 

used tlie border without the corners 

decoration of piano scarf 

surah silk, white rope silk and gold 

in white and gold, using cream white 

thread combined, the effect is lovely. 

The stitches ai simple. 


Mount Mellick Centerpiece 

NO. 833 M. 

This wreath of acorns and leaves is 
very graceful. The material on which 
it is worked is a rich, red linen. It 
is therefore adapted to a variety of 
uses where a white centerpiece woula 
be too delicate. The edge is finished 
in scalloped buttonholing with C. C. 
Co. Mount Melllck Embroidery Silk, 
size FF. 

An examination of the design shows 

that each cluster of acorns is worked 
differently. In one the cup is filled 
in solid with French knots as shown 
by Fig. 11M. the nut being outlined 
and filled in with cross bars and 
French knots. In Fig 12 shows the 
same method with the exception of the 
French knots. In Fig. 13M the method 
of working is reversed, French knots 
being used for the nut and the cup 
outlined and filled with chain stitch. 

The rest of the acorns show couch- 
ing substituted for the French knots. 
These acorns are reproduced actual 
size, and the stitches can be easily 

Several different ways are shown of 
working the flower sprays, which are 
woven into the wreath. Of course it 
is not necessary to use so many 
stitches, unless one desires, but the 
variety will be found to make a very 
effective centerpiece. 

The leaves may be worked in one 
of several ways. Figure 24M shows 
stitches which are commonly used in 


embroidery. The edge is worked In 
long and short stitch and the veins 
in brier stitch. In Fig. 26M the edge 
of the leaf is worked in buttonhole 
stitch, the center vein in Cable Plait 
stitch, and the sides filled with fancy 
stitches. Fig. 25M shows the Cable 
Plait stitch used for the edge. Cable 
stitch for the center vein, and Honey 
comb and other fancy stitches used 
for filling in. 

In Fig. 27M the edge is worked in 
Cording stitch, the center vein Fea- 
ther stitch, and the small veins in 
Briar stitch. The edge of leaf shown 
by Fig. 28M is outlined and a row of 
French knots worked along inner edge. 

The center vein is worked in Cable 
Plait and the others in Outline stitcn. 
Another method of working is shown 
in Fig. 29M. The edge is worked In 
Snail Trail stitch, the center vein In 
Cable stitch, and Darning and Polm; 
de Venise lace stitch are used for fill- 
ing in. These are only suggestions as 
to different methods of working. It Is 



not necessary to use more than three 
or four patterns. Different stitches may 
be used throughout the designs for 
stems, such as Chain, Cable Plait, 
Cording, Cable and Outline. It is very 
important that these stitches are thor- 
oughly mastered before commencing 
a piece as elaborate as this. Much of 
the beauty of Mount Melllck em- 
broidery depends on the perfect ac- 
curacy with which the work is done. 






Page 54 


December, 1903 


RrTKe Best 
Strory oKTKis 
Page we Will 
Pa>» 5 dollars 




I was riding along wondering where 
those old horses could have taken it 
Into their heads to go. I had spent 
the whole day searching for them, and 
as yet had not found them. I sud- 
denly realized that It was raining hard, 
and there I was out on the plain more 
than twenty miles from camp. 

After riding about a half hour In 
the rain I saw a house at the foot of 
a small bluff not far distant. It did 
not look very inviting, but I resolved 
to seek admission. As I knocked at 
the door it seemed as if I could hear 
unearthly sounds, and an ominou? 
looking scorpion came out of a crack 
in the wall and disappeared around 
the corner. At length I heard a creep- 
ing sound from within, and directly 
the door was opened by a little, old 
dried -up woman, who looked more lik« 
some unearthly being than a mortal. 
She looked me over for a few moments 
to see if I looked dangerous, but finally 
said I could stay there for the night. 

She showed me In and pointing to u 
meditative object sitting in an arm 
chair, said: "That's John, me hus- 
band.'" She busied herself about the 
table and presently said: "John, go 
and get some bread!" Thus com- 
manded, John immediately disap- 
peared into the rear of the house, but 
soon came hobbling back with bread. 

After a scant supper he told of how 
he wanted to go to some town and 
live, but his wife had rather live out 
there. She said one wasted too much 
money in town. We talked on for a 
while, and presently she said: "Well, 
I reckon it is bedtime, don't you, 
John?" John replied, "I 'lows 'taln"t 
fur from it, Mary Ann." She then 
conducted me to a little, hot, squeaky 
room, which had only one window. 

I went to bed and tried hard to 
sleep, but, alas! such a thing seemed 
nut of my power in those quarter^, 
and on that straw mattress. I lay 
there a long time, thinking of when I 
was a boy, when Sarah and I played 

At about midnight I would judge I 
heard a faint buzz, and when I looked 
about me. I saw a shadowy form 
floating in the air. It gradually came 
closer to me and I tried to move, but 
I could not. It came nearer and 
nearer and soon a cold and skinny 
hand was placed upon my forehead 
and two demoniac eyes looked into 
mine. I gave one violent scream, and 
clutched it around the neck. The next 
thing 1 knew. I was standing in the 
middle of the floor, grasping with all 
my might, a dead mosquito. 


■i ili. mamma, may I have a pair of 
skates? Please say I may," cried 
Howard Grey, as he came home from 
school one day last winter. 

"I am sorry, Howard," said his 
mother, "but you know we haven't 
the money to spare now, so I shall 
have to say no." 

Howard sat very still on the stool 
that he had drawn up by his mother's 
feet when he first came in. At last 
he said: "May I earn them if I can 
earn the money to buy them with?" 
"Why. yes, dear; of course you may," 
said his mother. 

"I'll have them, then," said Howard, 

Then he went out of the house and 
did not come in again till nearly 
■ lark. When he did come, he put ~i 
quarter Into his mother's hand and 
said: "There's so much toward my 
skates already. I earned that by caj - 
rying some things that had just com- 
into the store." 

Howard filled Mr. Banks' big wood- 
box every night, and when he got 
home he gave Howard a quarter. 

The next week he earned another 
ouarter by getting up an hour earlier 
every morning and building a fire In 
the school. 

One dollar was the price of the 
skates that he wanted, and as he had 
seventy-five cents now he still had 
twenty-five cents to earn. 

One day, however as he was "hang- 
ing around" Mr. Banks' store after 
school was let out for the day. he 
heard him say to a customer. I'd give 
a quarter to know what Howard Grey 
is hanging around trying to earn some 
money for; he has asked me a dozen 
time? If I wanted him to help me Then 
Howard stepped up and said, "I'll tell 
you what; I'm trying to earn enough 
money to buy a pair of skates, and 
when I get another quarter I'll have 
enough. I'll take the quarter, please, 
because you know, now." 

The storekeeper laughed, but didn't 
seem inclined to give Howard the 
money, but his customer, knowing 
that Mr. Banks was able to afford It. 
said: "The boy caught you. Banks. 
Better give him a quarter." 

And Mr. Banks, fearing to displease 
the man, as he was one of his regular 
customers, threw a quarter across the 
counter, and Howard went off laughing. 

Howard bought his skates, and 
learned to use them, too. He became 
the best skater in town, and maybe 
some time I'll tell of a race he won. 


A prize of $100. to be used for edu- 
cational purposes, was offered In a 
school for boys. Among the contest- 
ants was a boy of seventeen, named 
Frank Harlow. He did not succeed in 
winning the prize, and a day or two 
later one of his schoolmates, named 
Harry Murks, said to him. 

"Didn't get the prize, did you, 

"No, I did not," replied Frank, 

"Feel kind o" cut over it, don't you?" 

"No; not particularly. ' 

"Well, I'd hate to make as hard a 
fight as you did to win thai prlzi . 
and then fall." 

"I don't think that I have failed, 

"Well, I'd like to know why you 
haven't failed! Didn't George Dayton 
win the prize?" 

"Yes, I know he won the money; 
but I won just as much as George in 
that which comes from hard study. 
But you know, Harry, if you'll excuse 
me for saying it, your failure has 
been most marked." 

"My failure! Why. %vhat do you 
mean? I didn't go in for the prize at 
all. I made no attempt to win it." 

"I know it," replied Frank; and then 
added: "They fail, and they alone, 
who have not striven." 

"Oh! I see what you mean." said 
Harry, rather soberly. "I suppose there 
is something in that." 

"There is a good deal In it," replied 
Frank. "It is so true that not one of 
the eighteen boys who competed for 
the prize may be said to have failed. 
All of us won the prize that comes 
from honest effort. It was a pretty 
big prize for most of us. I thought 
at first that I would not compete for 
the prize, for I felt quite confident 
that some of the other boys were so 
much farther advanced than I was 
that I had very little chance of win- 
ning in the contest. One day I cairn- 
across this verse: 
"'Straight from our mighty bow this 

truth is driven: 
They fall, and they alone, who have 
not striven.' 

" 'That's a fact.' I said to myself, 
and I went straight to work and did 
my very best." 

"You stood next to George Dayton 
at the examination, too," said Harry. 
"No. Frank, you did not fall after all." 

Harry was right. How could Frank 
fall to be a winner, after the honest 
effort he had put forth? 



The- are the prettiest pair of ponies 
ever exhibited at the State fair, and 
their groom was only a colored bo* 
who ran by their side as they went 
round and round the ring, obeying 
every word or motion of his. 

w'h.t is their price?" asked a 
horse dealer, for It was well known 
that they were for salt. 
"Five hundred dollars," said Cato. 
"Stuff and nonsense!" said the 
horse-dealer, "I'll give $300 cash." 

Cato shook his head and turned 
away for another offer; but, though 
everyone admired them, no one want- 
ed to buy them. 

"There," said the horsedealer. 'you 
see no one wants them. Tell me who 
owns them. He will be glad to take 
my offer." 

"Dey 'longs to my young misses, an' 
she ain't gwine to sell 'cept she gits 
$500 for "em," said Cato. 

"Humph!" said the horsedealer. "A 
young girl owns them, does she? Well, 
if you will swear that one of them 
went lame I'll give you $50. You 
never had so much money in your un- 
did you, now?" 

Cato gave such a start that the 
ponies started, too. Then, looking up. 
he said: 

"Reckon yer fink dat 'cause de Lord 
done give Cato a black skin, he gave 
him a black heart, too. 'Tain't so, an' 
he ain't gwine blacken it dat way, 

"Cato," said a gentleman standing 
by. who had overheard the conversa- 
tion, "why does your young mistress 
want to sell her ponies?" 

"De plantation, it bound to be sold 
nex' week," he said, "If me an' Miss 
Helen can't raise de money. Marser, 
he got all but $500, an' he took sick 
an" de barn burn down. Dat's how 
'•ome Miss Helen sell de ponies." 

"Well," said the gentleman, "you 
take them back and tell her they are 
sold for $500. My man will go up 
with you and take the money. Tell 
tier I am going to Europe for a year 
and will consider it a favor if she 
would use them while I am away. If 
she can buy them back when I return 
I shall be very glad to sell them to 

"Bf Cato ever kin serve you. sir. he 
■i-s' boun-ter to do dat t'ing." 

"You have done it already. Cato." 

"What, sah'.' I ain't never seen you 

True; but you have given me an 
opportunity to help another in trou- 
ble. You gave It to me just now when 
I overheard you refuse to blacken your 
heart for that man's money." 

December, 1903. 


Page 55 

far::- --■--—'—- "-',:.■■■ ■ - : - _ ;~"~ 

Etiquette qf Weddings 

Of c-xcite- 
ment a house Is thrown into by the 
anticipation of a wedding:. 

Mamma Is busy hundred- 

and-one orders to the tradespeople; 
in,, bride Is closeted with her dress- 
maker, or writing notes of thanks for 
wedding presents; grandmamma re- 
calls reminiscences of the narrow- 
skirted dress in which she was mar- 
rled, and weeps over the extravagant 
notions of modern days. Papa, who 
has nothing whatever to do. grumbles 
more than any one. and says he shal 1 
be thankful when all the fuss and pa- 
rade Is over, and the house settled 
down Into its comfortable ways, Wed- 
ding presents are coming all day. and 
there are constant little notes to be 
written. The house Is infested with 
callers, and every one comes with the 
8nme questions: " will she wear?" 
"Where Is the wedding to take place?" 
"Who are the bridesmaids?" and 
where will they go for their honev- 

In the midst of all this clatter and 
confusion the bridegroom Is almost 
forgotten. He hardly ever gets a 
word with his Intended, for she Is 
constantly In the hands of the milli- 
ners, or saying good- by to friends. 
Everyone makes much of the bride. 
and the bridegroom's visits are look- 
ed upon somewhat in the light of an 
encumbrance. The bridegroom com- 
plains that he sees nothing of his 
bride, but the sisters tell him laugh- 
ingly he need not grudge her to them 
now. for very soon he will be the first 
consideration, and all the rest of the 
world of but secondary importance. 


June and October are the favorite 
months for weddings. May is dis- 
corded, because It is supposed to be 

In every rank of society it is the 
bride who names the day. In old 
times the season of the wedding used 
to be governed to a certain extent by 
the place where the honeymoon was 
intended to be passed; but at present 
the honeymoon Is generally governed 
by the season at which the wedding 
takes place. Honeymoons are grow- 
in,- shorter and shorter, and few peo- 
ple now have the leisure to take as 
extended a trip as used to be consid- 
ered en regie. 


The trousseau should be In accord- 
ance with the social position about to 
be occupied by the bride. The wife of 
a clerk will not need the elaborate 
toilette suitable to the lady of fash- 
ion, and the bride who is going out to 
India will need an entirely different 
outfit from that of the one who is go- 
ing to settle down as the wife of a 
country clergyman. It Is Impossible, 
therefore, to give any precise rule 
which will meet every case, as a wo- 
man's dress is always dependent on 
the circumstances of her life. 

It Is unwise for a bride to have more 
dresses made up than are absolutely 
necessary, as fashions change so rap- 
Mly that unless a thing is worn at 
once it quickly loses its value. A 
BOOd stock of dresses is requisite, 
however, and there should be mantles 
and bonnets to match all the toilettes. 
A bride Is certain to want a good many 
evening dresses, as it is customary for 
all the friends of both parties to give 
entertainments in her honor directly 
she returns from her honeymoon. If 
'•he party is of sufficient Importance, 
the bride should wear white the first 
time she goes to a house. 

Very good under-linen is an econo- 
my in the long run, and attention to 
the fineness and neatness of her lin- 
is one of the marks of a ladv. 
All eccentricities In the way of colored 
silk underclothing, etc.. should be es- 
chewed, and the fineness of trimming 
and neatness of the work should con- 
stitute the chief beauty of this depart- 
ment of the trousseau. At least a 
dozen of each article should be pro- 
vided. Handkerchiefs, gloves, cor- 
sets, hosiery — all have a place in the 
trousseau, and there are furs, and ul- 
sters, and carriage wraps, theater- 
cloaks, and dinner dresses, and a hun- 
dred and one things a young lady 

nee she sets about 
getting a trousseau. 

The best way for a person of moder- 
ate means is to write out a list of all 
the things she thinks she needs, with 
the probable price of each: If the 
tal sum Is more than she can affo 
she should draw her pen through . 
she can most easily do without. By 
this means she is , ner 

expenses at starting, and is saved 
from laying out money on luxuries 
that she needs for nei 

,v In , a ?, dItlon t0 bu - vil, 8 h er trousseau. 
the bride had at one time to furnish 
all the house linen. At present tU3 
|;m. i,. -room provides it, along with the 
furniture of the house, for the contrary 
custom is doubtless a survival of the 
time when a woman was a spinster in 
the most literal sense of the word, and 
the maiden brought the result of her 
abor to her new home as not the least 
important part of her dower. 

Presents to the bride and bridegroom 
elect should be sent abouc a fortnight 
b fore the wedding, or at any rate not 
later than a week. Their exhibition 
forms such a prominent feature of 
modern weddings, that it is more than 
ever necessary that they should ar- 
rive In good time. 

A present should be in accordance 
with the position of the recipients. One 
would not present a Quakeress with a 
diamond necklace, or give a set of 
ice-plates to a couple who could not 
afford to give parties. There are. how- 
ever, so many beautiful articles in the 
way of silver and glass to be bought 
nowadays, that the difficulty rather 
lies In the abundance of choice than 
in the reverse. 

In one particular etiquette has much 
improved. Once on a time a wedding 
present used necessarily to imply 
something ornamental, and if you were 
to inquire the origin of all the use- 
i, < objects in a house, you invariably 
discover they were bridal gifts. At 
present we have changed all that, and 
an ornamental chair or afternoon tea- 
table is quite within the region of 
practical politics. It would not be cor- 
rect to make a present of this kind to 
a person who was greatly your superior 
in wealth or social position, but to 
your equal you may perfectly well 
give something useful, with the cer- 
tainty that it will be welcome and ap- 
i reciate l. 

A still more utilitarian fashion is 
that of the bestowal of checks, but we 
cannot commen it except In the case of 
a near relation or an old and Intimate 
friend. There is no doubt that money 
Is the most welcome of all things, and 
that when people are going to be mar- 
ried they are only too thankful to 
have plenty of It in hand; but when a 
sight acquaintance presents a beauti- 
ful young bride with a check, one feels 
that he would have treated her more 
courteously had he taken the trouble 
to select a gift in accordance with her 

The question of duplicates Is one of 
the worst features of a haphazard 
system of bestowing gifts. It is very 
difficult to see how the difficulty is to 
be combated, unless we were to adopt 
the fashion of the bride, who calmly 
wrote out a list of things she would 
like, and scratched each article 
through as it was presented to her. 
Surprise Is half the secret of pleas- 
ure, so that the young lady referred to 
would lose half the delight which she 
might have experienced from her gifts; 
still, nobody likes a disagreeable sur- 
prise, and it is not possible to welcome 
the sixth cruet stand with anything 
like the same enthusiasm with which 
we welcomed the first. 

Some donors try to solve the Gordian 
knot by asking the bride-elect to name 
something she would like. It is mani- 
festly unfair to place any one In the 
unpleasant position of choosing a 
gift for themselves without the leas.t 
idea of -what the giver wishes to spend. 
It would be allowable for a very old 
friend to say, "I thought of giving you 
a tea-set, my dear, but I do not know 
If you would prefer something else?" 
but the more delicate way would be 
to commission the bride's sisters to 
find out what presents would be the 
most welcome to her. 
(To be continued in next number.) 

Diamonds on Credit 

ler Hie LOFTIS SYSTEM means 

i holiest Intentions. 

no matter bow f:ir nwor they may live 

en a Confidential Charge- Ac- 
count for u niunionil. W> Mi nr other 

valuable article ,,t Jowelry, and paj 

',,, in a . monthly 

paj iiiihc.. 

How to Dn I* Write to-day for 

Illustrated catalogue, and from II lelect 
any article that you would like to 
R'OAr ,>r own; or. perhaps use as a 
gift to n lOTed one. Wo will send 
"lection on approval to your 
li .in, . [.luce of business or express 

office aa you ■ refer. Examine it ns 
leisurely nnd as ciirefulh- oa you wish: 
then. If it is nil that you anticipated, 

and the bent value ynu ever BOW for 

Hi" money asked — pay one-fifth of the 

ml keep it. The buluncc you 

nniy send us In eight eijual monthly 

"i.v mints. 

On the Other Hand 

If ymi decide not to buy, almply re- 
inni the article to us at onr expense. 
Whcthec you buy or not, we pay all 
nnd other charges — you pay 
nothing, neither do you assume miiV 

rlrt or obligation whatever. We sub- 
mit our ROOdfl on their merits, with 
absolute conndcncc that their quality. 
low price and our easy terms of pny- 
m, nt will command your favor. We 
ask but one opportunity for adding 
rout n. i me to the largest list of pleas- 
ed customers with which n Diamond 
1 "e wns ever honored. 

1 *Ve are the Largest House 

in li,,. diamond bu Ini ■ . Wo 
one of the oldest— Est ISM Wc re- 
•ask vonr 
mi in li,.- i, ii i. 
ncss world. Tliry will refer I 

Com rclnl 

that »•" itnnd very bljjb, and that our 
accepted win, 
_ out i|n, tlon 

Our Guarantee Certificate 

n in. 

id n, 


nd. Is 




m responsible c crn. Portlier, wo 

give no- Urond guoronl ( npleto 

satisfaction i" every purchaser. Our 
exchange • ■■■■<■■•„ Is the most liberal 
ever devised, for n p 

in diamond I cht ■•( us. nod 

gel 'in- full amount paid In exchnnga 
for other •_- Is ,,r a larger ii id 

Your Christmas Plans 

will not be complete until you have 

looked through - Catalogue I 

considered what ron con do In nlfl 
making In eonjuiietlon with the LOF- 
TIS SYSTEM. The tf.flo which you 
might pay for something cheap and 

trashy, will mnke the llr-t p 

on. and put you In Immediate po - 

session of n splendid dbm l or 

watch. Ton can thus make gifts thai 
n mensuratc with, nnd appro- 
priate to the circumstances, without 
any considerable Initial outlay. There 

■ in bC no more favorable time limn 

the present for bu.rlnc a dll nd. 

Prices are advancing steadllv and a 
profit of in to 20 per cent within a 
year seems assured. Dealers gener- 
ally agree In this prediction. 


To Cash Buyers of Diamonds r ha ^^r ltl ZAlt?A^ 

than a written agreement to return all 

ten per cent, nt any time within one rear, 

diamond for a whole year, then send It 

t of wearing the Diamond less than ten 

house It is nothing lei 

that they pay for a diamond— lei 
Thus, one mlghl wear o nrty-d ilia 

Di "I nid get $45.00. making the CO 
cents per week. 



Dept. P-177 92 to 98 State St., CHICAGO, ILL. 

{ ■*$ ww$$****S3i *%%*&&%%**&$ wx% &£ wvv33wiv$^ %*%%$$*%%*$& w%% \)> 


Cor. B and Tenth Streets $ 

Santa Rosa, Cal. f 

[In Petaluma Country-/ 

The fact that there are more 

Petaluma Incubators' 

used than all other makes combined shows how they are 
\ regarded nt home. The people here know them by thcL' 
I works. Their superior qualities aro recognized. 
I It Is the one machine thnt under all conditions estab- 
I lishes the hatching standard and brings everywhere the 
[ best results. They are self-regulating, self-ventilating, 
supply moifture when needed, are equipped with de- 
I vices the surest and most sensitive. Heaters are made 
I entirely of Copper, and California Redwood used only in 

I construction. Freight allowed to Petaluma buyers. 

| Petaluma Brooders are acknowledged as superior, sim- 

I plest and economical. Catalog, hand- 

I 8<imely illustrated, free. Askfor'The 

' Story of Solomon Drew who had a * 
row with an old hen or two.'' 


Petaluma, Cal., and 33 Market Street 




1 in.rmter. \W3. 

Ladies ! Free ! 

Days' Trial Treat- 
ment With Booklet 



the Butt 
_ rmm '-■ to S Inch'* 
jippluuicee; easy to 
Sure. Permanent, ind the only Healthful 
unil Harmless n 

rata for post- 
, | , . Cincinnati. O 



AW Artistic, Handiome Edition Do Luxt 

"Barlow" Scrap Book 

■.imctlilng hand- 

aorue. more dur- 
able than any 

other, will be 

Kent on opprov- 

ul to nnr 0. 3. 

address for 
(IOC express 
<1 I ./. d prepaid. 

If not satisfac- 
tory, rclura It 

it oar etpenac. 

Made from puro 

white, hund- 

inii .!■-. hoary. fibre, soft 

OnlHh uiiJ non- 

Wrlnkllng Mlt- 

tlneague paper 
with tho deckle 
«dgea (atyllsb 

rough cflge)i 100 puses, quarto size. OiO; 
i). mini In genuine KtiglUh calf, silk cloth 
■Idea; color, two touca of drab; hard sewed, 
I tro u 6 '""1 substantial. 
Tho 'IBbtIoW'J will lust forcTer. and la a 
'■■■ r.- pince for valuable cIIpplogB — looka 
well nt nil times. 

For 2.'c extra (Si. SO cash with order) will 
baji your namo stamped In gold on cover. 
iinUr at once before Uie edition de laie 
In eibuusted. 

95 Poarl St., Grand Bapida, Mich. 



Daily to Chicago 

traverses a country abounding 
with unique and interesting 
scenery. Tlie Grand Canyon 
of Arizona, the Canyon Di- 
ablo, strange Mold-land, the 
Petrified Forests, the En- 
chanted Mesa are some of the 
features that attract travelers. 
Inquire at 641 Market street, 
San Francisco. 

i i 

Santa Fe 

Electro Massage and Medical Go. 

BOX 1362 



A scientific 
system for 
tlie Bust 
Internal and 
Mc dication 
and Physical 

Pleasant and 
Self applied. 

Money re- 
funded when 
results are not obtained. Particulars In 
plain sealed envelopes. 

you amp?ay1kpuiw at jffi. 

'Price 20 in Dimes or One Cent Stamps 
Address ttw" BURNET MUSIC CO." 

1626 O'Farrell St. SAN FRANCISCO. 


\ Question./* arid Answer./* j 

»W%»*%%%%%W****%*%*%%%%%WV%*%%»%* A\UUV\\V\U\\Wt\\t\t\ttUU\UW 

Mrs. T-: My height is only 5 feet '■> 
Inches and I weigh over 200 pounds 
Pledge give me full instruction's 
io diet. 

If you are in good health, i\y this 
Take two slices of dry toast at break- 
las', with all the trull you tan feat, 
Btid one small cup of weak tea. v 
the middle meal of the .lay take the 
same. Al night take two small lamb 
i hops, one dish of some kind of veget- 
able and one cup of tea. You wfli 
riot starve on this, and it will help 
you to get thin rapidly. 

Mrs. Y.: I took your dietary for 
some mohths and lost quite a little 
flesh. Now give me your dietary for 
the second reduction month. 

If eggs agree with you, live on 
poached eggs and toast. Take them 
three times a day, with a small cup 
of tea or coffee, and nothing else. If 
you can't stand eggs, take one chop 
at noon and one slice of toast. 

Miss T.: I purchased an electric 
needle and am using It on my face 
with line results. The hair disappears 
with each little jab of the needle. 

Mrs. T.: I found that the pumice 
stone was all that I required for the 
removal of the superfluous hair from 
my lips. I scrubbed my lip with H 
and it is now perfectlv smooth. The 
hair does not seem to return again. 
Miss Y.: Give me a wrinkle paste- 
Try the pure oil of mutton tallow. 
Heat in a double boiler and add half 
the quantity of white vaseline. Into 
this beat enough sweet almond oil to 
make a paste. Beat with an egg heater 
until perfectly cold. 

Miss G.: What is the best way to 
keep cold cream, and how can I per- 
fume it 

Our grandmothers heated the cold 
cream and stirred clover leaves Into 
it. You might use a little clover per- 
fume. Egg shells, tied with ribbon 
and suspended at the side of the 
dresser, make a good receptacle for 
the cream. 

Miss H.: Give me a hand whitener. 

Take soap jelly and dissolve it in 
hot water. Add a handful of powdered 
oatmeal. Soak the hands in this and 
rinse with clear hot water. 

Mrs. V. G. B.: I would like to have 
a good bust developer. What can you 
recommend? Which patent bust de- 
veloper is best? 

I have never personally seen any 
tried, so cannot say. If you want to 
develop the bust slowly you can do so 
with cocoa butter gently rubbed into 
the skin. Do not try to massage, but 
be content with applying the cocoa 
butter to the surface. 

Miss H. G.: How shall I use the 
salve stick which you advise for su- 
perfluous hair? 

Take the stick and heat it. Apply 
it to the afflicted portion. Let it get 
cold, Pull it off and it will bring the 
hair with it. 

Miss H.: Do you think powdered 
pumice would keep the hair off my 

li is difficult to tell. You might try 
ii and spe what it will do. Scrub the 
hair off with the pu.mice stone and 
wait Sometimes It does not return. 
The constitution of the hair is differ- 
ent in different cases. 

Miss T.: I am yellow, and there Is 
no lightening up my face, try as I 

Your complexion can be brightened 
If you eat fruit late at night, before 
going to bed. In the morning take a 
teaspoont'ul of phosphate of soda in 
hot water. Continue this for a month. 
Be sure the fruit is of a sort that 
agrees with you. 

M, C: I pulled the superfluous halis 
off my lip, taking a little patch at a 
time. I then applied diluted ammonia, 
jrnrt was gratified to find that the hair3 
did not come back. I wonder how this 

woiilu wort on my arms, which are 

d with soft down. 

Vnii could hardly pull the down off 

your arras, but you could apply cne 

tli I; hot, and pull It off, taking 

the down with it. Then you could 

ipply diluted ammonia, not hot enough 

to blister the skin. 

i ' The hair on my arms 

md long, so thai i am almosi 
disfigured. What yould you do in my 

I should apply peroxide of hydrogen 
with ammonia, until the hairs were 
bleached so that they would not show 
so plainly. Then I would keep on with 
the applications until I had Injured 
the roots of the hair, so It would die- 
Miss T.: Is there anything that can 
tje lime for hard white lumps under- 
neath the skin where there have been 
large pimples? 

Apply hot water to the place to draw 
the substance to the surface. It musi 
be pressed out. 

Mrs. H.: What remedy would you 
advise for an obstinate case of pim- 

Obstinate pimples Invariably come 
from within. You must eat the right 
kind Of food and take the right kind 
of exercise, and pay strict attention to 
the laws of hygiene. A society woman 
irouhled with pimples places herself 
upon liquid food for two weeks, with 
excellent results. 

H.: How can I restore hair that is 
partly gray. 

Often it is found that hair which is 
partly gray can be restored by rubbing 
a Utile oil into the roots. " Take a 
small quantity, not over ten drops, 
and make it do for the entire head. 
Do not oil the hair, but only the roots. 

W. F. — If you had a rough, red skin 
like mine, what would you do with it'.' 

I would rub it every night with cold . 
cream without glycerine in it. In the 
morning I would wash it with soap 
jelly and hot water. I would then rub 
a little skin food into it and use a little 
face powder. Meanwhile I would take 
a course of internal treatment for a 
bad skin. 

Mrs. w. — How can I make a good 
face cream that will not be lumpy? I 
would like a peach cream. 

You probably mean a pinkish cream 
that will slightly tint the skin. Take 
of pure mutton tallow about half a 
cup and melt it in a double boiler. Add 
a teaspoonful of glycerine If your com- 
plexion will stand glycerine. Add half 
a i no of almond oil and six drops of 
good, perfume. Tint with fruit juice. 

Mrs. Y. — What do you consider a 
good flesh reducing food? I have tried 
all sorts of things but my weight con- 
tinues Io increase. 

An English physician has placed six 
of his stout patrehts upon a vegetarian 
diet. He allows them to drink one 
glass of water a day. The remainder 
of the time they must eat fruit which 
contains a sufficient amount of water 
to nourish the body. 

Miss X. — A friend of mine has taken 
off fifteen pounds by following your 
reduction treatment. I would like to 
do the same but I cannot walk, as my 
feet hurt me. What would you tell me 
to do? 

I would advise you to get your feet 
in good walking condition. Then walk. 
It is Impossible that you cannot have 
your feet made so they can answer all 
ordinary walking purposes. 

X. — How can I take superfluous hair 
off my face? It is the trouble of my 
life, my only real grief. 

Hair can be taken off the face In one 
of several ways. The best is the elec- 
tric needle, which you can, of course, 
apply yourself, if you do not want to 
go to a physician for the purpose. It 
is not at all difficult. 

A. $-40,000 SONG 

2,000,000 Copies Published. 

i .i.i.-i sod by the ["eerie** Queen .-i I onflc 
unent. Miss i.itin ci.iMT. Bung and played with 

ire mi. .ii- -in ess Kosj to plaj md foi i 

catch] Makes a beautiful dance number on 
nnr program w- guarantee thai li will be 
Olie .f tb- moat popular ivnlta boiibb ever 
written. To li md ice II wo aw not right. 
SO-eenl edition D.istnnld, 25c; orchestra parts, 

ii Instruments. --„■; boll stputd f..i li 

Mi, i. .1. .lie oroWwti I 


2237 N. 21st St., Phlhv, Pa. 

Almond * 

Complexion f 
Cake I 

V agreeable prcparatl 

/* , , T for clearing the com- ™ 

i pletlon, coiituins no druga nor poison, but ?K 
T effectually removes all impurities from the «? 
" akin. It opeua the porea, remorea black- V 
<P heads and pimples. Cleara sallow, mud- >Jf 
fl> dy or oily skin. Takes out crow's feet ,T 
fl> and wrinkles, leaving the skin 8oft and >K 
W smooth and Imparting a youthful glow and # 
£ fn-ihiiesa to the completion. Keeps the w 
g> face from chapping. Sample coke. 10 V 
PRICE: Per cake. 23 centa. \9 


euiovca Dandruff, making the it/ 
MlP clean and healthy. It la M 
/j\ v uiso a delightful dressing for y/ 

W the hair and gives It a beuutlful lustre— \)/ 
<|> no grease. PRICE: Per bottle, $1.00. if) 


/pi 216 Canal St., Grand Hapida, Mich. $ 

/|\ V. C. preparations are pure, barm- 3> 

/j\ less and effective. Agents wanted. W 

W ij/ 

Dandruff Cure 

PI AY P AND or °rgan without a 
I Urt i I IHIUU teacher. Anyone can 
[earn by new method. The picture of the 
keyboard Is placed 'before you showing 
which notes to strike for any tune, any 
key. All possible chords shown for both 
hands. Complete set of charts by mail. 
$1. SPOOTSWOODE & CO., 203 Broad- 
way, New York. 

Exercise for Faces 

Tints the skin, plumps the cheeks, 
banishes wrinkles. Throw away 
your cosmetics and renew your 
beauty by your own efforts. Send 
10c for booklet. "Facial Exercise." 
Published by 

Box 264. WASHINGTON, D. C. 


)Hair and. 

' Baldness 

Absolutely Cured 

There is I COM 
way to tell n. c rca- 
-soaof balUncv. ar-1 
fjlllni; lulr, an.] 
Uidflib) . niicro-^^ 6 ^ 
scopli . i imlnatlon of Uie liair 
luelf. The particular dhea a 
II i Op •' . iflllcn; I 

must Lc known befoit It ... 
telllgenlly treated. Thctae 

: Wlthoul 

knuwini: the ipetlfic came of your dli-VV 
cue. li like taking medicine without A'i 
knoxlng what you are Iryinj; to cure. 

Send tbrce fallen balm from \ 
your romblna-o to l»rof. J. H. 1 
Auntlu. the cclcbruti-d linvtc-rlolo- \ 
KM, who ivUl—nu jouAUSOI.I I K- 
l.Y KKKK ii dluBim.L nlvmir . 11- -. ■■ 

booklet on can) or hair unil .. , „„,l a 

pic box or the remedy tvhU-li ho will 
pure opeelally lor you. 
linclosc '.'c postage and write to-day. 


731 MoVicltcr Building-, - CHICAGO, II, 




Page 57 


fS BEST T/t£AT£0 mm 




Always restores color to gray 
balr, always. Makes the hair 
crow rich and heavy. 


,WI **" "|!oR*TCO TALCUM 

r Toilet Powded 

♦-♦-»♦-♦-»♦♦♦-»->-»« ♦ •«••-< 


t The most Delicious Champagne 
I of the Age 


Yellow Label Dry 
Gold Label 'Brat \ 


Cruse & 
Fils Freres 

Clarets and 


Creme des Grands 

(Creme of Cog- 


\ 429-431 Battery St., San Francisco 

' ♦♦♦♦»«»•♦*•»«**♦****♦' 

■' /£*> 

g I o \ c tor a 

i> dollar and a half 


Every Woman 

kta Interested and should kny-w 
^ about the wonderful 

IMARVEL Whirling Spray 
1 The new Y»rIm1 Bjrbirr. Injec- 
tion and auction. Beat— Snf- 
l- est— Most Convenient. 

w II flruKi Innlullr. ,• 

l«k jourdratsl.t Tor It. . 

l f r «D'J15 1 « 0Uu, 'P 1 » ttl * 
M.*R\ IX, :io.-e|,t no 
other, but send i tamp for Ulot- 
iratedbonti—'Aird. Hclvesfull 
particulars and directions lnvnlu 
nble to lullo* MAItVKI, COi. 

nooni n rimes BdB.» Siew >'ork, 


rllllrLtA Positively, removed In 2 to 5 
■ ■in i-i-w aav3 Absolutely harmless. 
Leaves skin soft, clear and healthy. Sent 
on receiot of 10 cts. SCHROUDER'S 

n U 


Correcl u% k > Mid iliei Ordi r lilted dn received. H""klrt 
"Card Stylo" FrssI Alio builno.., proleulonal m..i lr»- 
Hnnloi.l-. Wo hava •-UMoIriuliltnitlorallinrlrllri. 

E. J. SfUtSTKR ITli. 4- K.VB. CO.. IIKPI 89HT. L0U1X, «0. 

In writing to Advertisers, plcnse men- 
tion the California Ladles' Magazine. 

^VV\\\\\VVVVVVV\V\\\\.\\V\VV\\VVVV\\\\\V\VV\VV\\\\\V\\\\\\\\%*\\\\%\\XV %% 

\ Modern Etiquette for Ladies \ 



Nevei Irttrqduce people to one an- 
other unless you feel ciutte sure ii will 
be agreeable to i >• ■ t >i parties. Take 
care to catch the attention of both the 
people you are about to present to 
one another, or you will make one nr 
the other look awkward. 

You are not obliged to introduce i 
itors to one another nn your afternoon 
At Home days, because it is a perfect 
ao.cjd.en I ih:ii they happen to be there 
at the game time, But you are bound 
to introduce your guests to one another 
at a dinner-party, because you have 
invited them to meet one another. 

Always introduce the unmarried lady 
to the married one, and the Inferior to 
the superior in rank. Never, on any 
account, commit the horrible blunder 
of introducing :i lady to n gentleman. 
The gentleman is presented to the 
lady even when the rank (A the for- 
mer is higher, becaOSe ladies always 
take ryrebedenVe of gentlemen. 

fi you are -walking with n friend and 
meet sonic one you know, you are by 
no means bound to introduce them to 
one another. are not obliged 
to consider their ba.ll-partne'rs as ■"'- 
iiuniii'.:iii' es, but may bow or not. on 
their next meeting, just as thc-y please. 
Letters of introduction should only 
lug given to Introduce the bearer to 
one oi \nui- yery Inttrnate friends, You 
put yourself under a very greai pbjl- 
gation to the person whom you request 
lo show < ivility or rjlpdri^sia to a 
-train-vr. .mil if the r- -.- nit is unsuc- 
cessful, you are liable to d/fend both. 

Should you haye a letter of . introduc- 
lion gbteD to you. it Is proper to send 
it, enclosing your ca?q ftl the same 
lime. If the receiver ol" the letter is 
wcll-breil, she will nail upon you the 
next o-iy. .mil you may then return 
the visit. She ought to invite you to 
her house, if possible, or show you any 
other attention in her power. 

A- letter of introduction is always 
given unsealed. You should requeet 
your friend to fasten it previous to 
delivering It. which is virtually giving 
her permission to read it first. 

A vast difference exists between the 
present and past system of issuing in- 
vitations for a dance. In old times the 
angularly written, gilt-edged missive 
humbly requested the pleasure of your 
company, nor did if even venture on 
so great a liberty unprefaced by the 
presentation of compliments. At pres- 
ent the printed card merely mentions 
tha, Mrs. So-and-So is At Home on 
such a day. the magic word "dancing" 
a i- 1 J.-. i ring in one corner to indicate 
the nature of the entertainment. The 
insertion of R. S. V. P. denotes the 
necessity for a speedy reply, and the 
name of the recipient .(at the top of 
the card) is probably the only part of 
the affair in which the handwriting of 
the hostess makes its appearance. The 
Invitation is ansTvered with almost 
, --qnal brevity. Compliments are nev- 
er presented now. except by tradespeo- 
ple, although an Invitation is still gen- 
erally alluded to- as "kind." : Mrs. 
Smith Is pleased to accept; or regrets 
to decline, as the case may be. and 
th'tt is the' end of the matter. Somei 
people sav they are "obliged to de- 
,-lh-.--'" but it Is a peculiarly ungro- 
, ious form of speech. What is far 
mop' important than the words or the 
,nsw-e- is that It should be despatched 
in 'e-oo.l lime. It is very inconsiderate 
to delav replying, as the hostess likes 
lo be able to calculate on the number 
of -nests she may expect. ' 

An imitation to dinner is a social 
compliment, and as such it Is necessary 
that' it should -T>e speedily acknowl- 
edged. We ask all the world to our 
big receptions and afternoon At 
Homes, but a dinner guest is a person 
whom we desire, to honor, and whom 
.., ,. gelect with care from the mass of 
our acquaintance. A hostess has some 
Utile trouble in arranging a dinner- 
,.nrtv— in settling the number of 
guests and inviting the opople whom 
she thinks likely to suit one another; 
and nothing distresses her more than 
' for some accident to happen at the last 
moment, so that she has an empty 

e day ar- 
rives. For all of thi -• i i isona It Is 

the duty of a guest to respond to an 
■ at Ion at once: and-, ha' 
ted. let nothing except the rm 
prevent his api ■ 
a nee. 

'' eri ire two kind.-- of dinner invi- 
tations, just as there are two kinds of 
dinners — Hi. formal and the informal. 
In the II rst instance you receive a card 
telling you that Mr. and .Mrs. So -and - 
Sb requests the pleasure of your com- 
pany to dinner at such a date; In the 
seebnti you receive a pleasant little 
note from your hostess, written In the 
first person, and asking you to come 

ami dine at some very early date. The 
style of your answer is nam rally de- 
pendent on that of your invitation. In 
one case you write in the third per- 
son: Mrs. Blank has much pleasure 
in accepting Mrs. Asterisk's kind in- 
vitation for such a date; and in the 
othr.-r you write a friendly note, ac- 
cepting or declining, as the case may 


Invitations to email evenings 
most Invariably sent on large-slz ,] 

ii is, with the word music or danc- 
ing written at the rlghthand side of 
the- lower' 'half. In an invitation for a 
I'in.lerella dance, the word "Cinder- 
ella" would be inserted In place of 
"Qkniifig]" the guests would then un- 
derstand that the 'dance would t.-rml- 

i ite exa'i tly at I wel vc oVl.n'k, 

Xot.-s of invitation and reply are 
.-ithei- written op correspondence cards 
T on small paper of good quality. En- 
: _• r fed cards are useful for invitations, 
and certainly saw a cnod deal Of trou- 
ble. At Home 'cards; with blank 
spaces to rill up, fan now be bought at 
any stationers; but if the people are in 
the habit of entertaining much it is 
better to have the name of the hostess 
engraved at the top of the card. 

Drawing-room meetings are becom- 
ing so common that it may be worth 
while to say a few words on the sub- 
ject. The invitation' is generally sent 
out on an engraved card, mentioning 
the subject on which the meeting "is 
to be held and the names of the speak- 

It is not necessary to reply to an in- 
vitation for a drawing-room meeting, 
nor are you expected to call afterward.. 
The lady In whose house the meeting 
takes place usually stands at the 
drawing room door and greets the 
guests as they enter, and if you come 
across her when you are leaving you 
can thank her for having given you 
the opportunity of being present at 
such an interesting meeting. But to 
. all would be contrary to etiquette. 
and look as if you were trying to ex- 
tend an acquaintance where none had 
been desired. 

Without ladies society cannot exist. 
All Invitations (with the exception of 
those for dinner parties) are, there- 
fore, sent out in the name of the mis- 
tress of the house, it being taken for 
-ranted that the gentlemen will wel- 
come his wife's guests, although his 
name does not figure in the invitation. 


An afternoon party is distinguished 
from an ordinary At Home by the 
sending of a special invitation, stat- 
ing the date. The invitation Is writ- 
ten on an At Home card, with th~ 
hours at the left hand corner at the 
bottom, and the nature of the enter- 
tainment exactly opposite. The hours 
are generally three till seven, and the 
entertainment may be music, theatri- 
cals, or even dancing. 

With regard to your toilette, it will 
be outdoor dress, only a little more 
handsome than for an ordinary visit. 
You will not be shown into a dress- 
ing room to take off your wraps, and 
so on no account take any superfluous 
impedimenta.. Keen if it Is a dance, 
you must dance in your bonnet and 
boots! so be very careful that the for- 
mer is secure and the latter of un- 
lmpediments. Even if it Is a dance, 
must always be left in the hall, but 
a pretty sunshade Is permissible in a 
dravi Ing room. 

(To be continued in next number.) 



Drug Co. 



'(5fii-e*rjh INSURED 

No matter lioiv 
heallhy a child may 
be, her hair cannot 

attain that perfi i 

which adds so much' to 
one's beauty and 
attractiveness in 
later years, un- 
less the scalp is 
kept in t;oo fl 
condition from 
early childhood. 
There is no 
shampoo, wash or 
tonic so cleans- 
ing; so absolutely 
harmless and 
effective as the 




Aflcr each shampoo, a thoroneh but rlmiiIi 
.application of Sevun Sutherland JJlHtciV 
Hnlr Grower should lie admin i 

It prevents and cures Dandruff, ilciroy* 
microbes, and [sail antiseptii 
scalp diseases 

For Innr 
have occupied the apes of superiority. 
Sold by 28,000 Dealers. 
One should never (orget 


That makes a woman attractive 


Phone Main 182 



Pacific c.oast 'Agents for the 



! Direct from New York, Havre and 

I return. 

! Drafts on Great Britain, France, 5 

c Italy, Switzerland, Germany and ^ 

I Austria. ^ 

Page 58 


December, 1903. 

'keep Your Hands White 

now 'i>> 
i nib ,i 

Bi i mn 
Hi. n on ' enuc i 




Made Easy 

Quick Thor- 
oast. Clean. 


for lb« U-ujt 

[| Mil- 

. .1 1 t •! 

uerrcs. Keeps 
and soft 
moat Castlal- 
b ..i u « o- 


glass mire 



Ins b •.■ r 

i ■) s or 

broken HI all can 

too price brings u v.iiiiin the 
iii .iii.vv.iii.ti.' iii the 
iiiih erj 1 1 • i on i ecelpt of 
icriiiiH imed. Farther Infonnn- 
Bnnk references. 

\ Cream Candies for Christmas 




Kitchen Bouquet 


For Soups, Sauce, Uiavles, 

It msts. Slews and Entrees 
And General Culinary Purposes 

Imparts a Rich Color and Delightful 
Flavor. The Kitchen Garden con- 
densed and ready for Instant use. 
Keeps In any climate. Used and en- 
dorsed by great Chefs and eminent 
Teachers of Cookery. 

Tomato Sauce. — This may be made 
similar to mushroom sauce, using 
strained tomato Instead of stock. 
a high seasoning of mace, bay-leaf, 
pepper-corns and a couple of cloves 
Instead of the mushroom. Strain 
before serving and add half a tea- 
spoonful of Kitchen Bouquet, 

Creamed Chicken lakes a golden hue 
If a little Kitchen Bouquet is mixed 
with the yolk of an egg and added 
Just at serving lime. 

Meat Timbales are more savory if a 
richer color and flavor when Kitch- 
en Bouquet is one of the seasonings. 

If your grocer don't keep It, Insist on 
his getting It for you 

Write for Free Sum pie nnd Booklet. 
Send 80c Id stumps for prepaid package. 


244 Clinton Avenue 
West Hoboken. N. J. 

N. B. — The word "Kitchen Bouquet" Is 
exelUslTelr our Trade Mark. Infringe- 
ments will be prosecuted. 

All Makes of 


A Few Second-Hand Typewriters 
at Low Rates 


110 Montgomery St., S. F. 

Telephone Main 933 

Branches — Portland, Los Angeles. 


and announcements printed and en- 
graved. Up-to-date styles. Best work 
and materials. 100 Stylish Visiting 
cards, 75 cts. Samples and valuable 
booklet, "Wedding Etiquette," FREE, 
571 Main St., Oakland City, Ind. 

Ifte Domestic Utilities Co. 

64 WEST 22<1 BTREET, 

The I of cream candles is 

icies of 

boiling the sugar Is mastered, the va- 

from this basis Is 

The fondant can be 

ed weeks In advance, and If 

In a cold 

unchanged for 

I ice makes perfect, - ' 
and to insure- perfection begin the 
tlce in the right way. 
.Select. If possible, a bright, clear 
• thing Is more 
ffected by the >;mosphere than 
sugar. It is best for the beginner to 
it a small portion of sugar at <i 
pound. In measurement 
'ine pint, i ".-■ | sugar. Place 

n ind If the weather is 
dry add a scant half pint of water; if 
eather ia damp use still less. 
Stir until the eugar Is dissolved and 
boiling begins, then remove the spoon 
.in.i in a few moments, with a clean 
cloth 'lipped In cold water, wash down 
the sides of the saucepan to remov..- 
any grains of sugar that have been 
thrown up in boiling. Cover the 
saucepan, and let cook about five min- 
utes, then uncover. This process will 
tend to decrease, If not obviate en- 
tirely, the accumulation of sugar on 
the sides of the pan, which, if left, 
will cause granulation In the candy. 
Now add one-fourth of a teaspoon- 
ful of cream of tartar, being very 
careful not to stir or Jar the syrup In 
any way. 

After about ten minutes' cooking, 
dip a fork into the syrup, hold up the 
fork, and if, after most of the syrup 
has run back into the saucepan a long 
silk-like hair hangs from the fork, 
take up a little syrup in a spoon and 
drop it Into a cup of cold water. If 
It can be gathered into a soft ball be- 
neath the water it has boiled enough. 
Take the saucepan from the fire and 
stand In a cool place. The tests must 
be made rapidly, for the syrup passes 
very quickly from one degree to an- 
other, and if boiled a fraction of a 
minute too long, the work must be 
done over again. When the surface 
has a smooth, jelly-like aspect, and a 
dent, made with the finger, will remain 
on the top, begin to stir with a spoon. 
It will soon begin to look white ana 
creamy, and will quickly get so stiff 
that it must be worked with the hands 
like bread dough. If it seems too 
crumbly at first, there is no cause for 
despair, but work and squeeze and 
press as quickly as possible, until the 
whole mass is smooth and soft, yet 
firm, like dough, then pack Into a jar 
or bowl, and cover. Having made the 
first portion correctly, It will be a 
simple matter to cook as many pounds 
of sugar as wanted. 

If the syrun has boiled too long or 
has been stirred or jarred, it will gran- 
ulate. If due care be not exercised in 
washing down the particles of sugar 
from the saucepan, or the syrup be 
not cooked enough before working 
with a spoon, the fondant will be gran- 
ular, and no amount of working will 
prodifce a soft, creamy state. To 
remedy this add a cup of boiling water 
and cook over again, with greater at- 
tention to details. 

If the s---up has not been cooked 
enough it will not harden, but remain 
like thick cream. In this case add 
two tablespoons of water and repeat 
the whole process. When a few days 
before Christmas the candies are to 
be made ud, have some flavorings, 
as a fresh, deep-skinned orange, a 
lemon, some unsweetened chocolate, 
, nuts and coloring matter. Yellow col- 
oring is made by boiling five cents 
worth of saffron in a half pint of 
water until reduced to a gill, then 
soueeze through muslin. There will 
be a very dark yellow liquid, of which 
one drop will color half a pound of 
candy a pale lemon tint. 

For pink coloring have the druggist 
prepare one half ounce of powdered 
carmine, one half ounce of cream of 
tartar and one drachm of alum. Boll 
these In a gill of water for ten min- 
utes, strain and bottle. One or two 
drops is sufficient for half a pound 
of candy according to the tint desired. 
But color all the candles a delicate, 

Jt ja _* 

For a green put a pint of washed 
spinach leaves in a saucepan, add 
three tablespoons of water; when It 
bolls stir for a few minutes. Lay a 
piece of muslin over a cup, pour the 
spinach into the muslin and press out 
all the juice. A few drops will give 
a very pretty green tint that harmon- 
izes with the pink in a charming man- 

J* .JJ J* 

Cocoanut Creams. — Take equal parts 
of desslcated cocoanut and fondant, 
says half a cup of each, add two drops 

tract of vanilla and work and 

logether until well mixed. Cut 

i ill cubes and set aside on par- 

to harden for dipping. If 

the mixture seems a Mule too soft to 

• ut Into shapely cubes, add a very 

little powdered con feci loners' sugar, 

just a dusting will be sufficient. 

.S J* J* 

1 'range Creams. — Grate the yellow 

■ the orange on a plate, being 

i to scrape every bit from the 

add a speck of tartaric acid 

(what can be taken up on the end of 

■h). mix. put to It a teaspoon 

ad enough powdered 

to make a stiff paste. Form 

Into balls and place on the oiled paper. 

lemon creams In the same 

manner, omitting the tartaric acid. 

Raspberry Creams. — Take a piece of 
the boiled candy about the size of an 
egg and one teaspoon of raspberry 
Jam, with a speck of tartaric acid; 
in x. add powdered sugar to stiffen and 
roll Into balls, set aside for dipping. 

To some of the white fondant add a 
few drops of vanilla and mix with 
broken nut meats, make into balls or 
squares. Now these are ready for dip- 
ping. Place some boiling water in the 
lower part of a double boiler, In the 
upper part place a piece of fondant, 
and with a fork mash and stir until 
It Is softened to a thick cream. The 
Stirring is obligatory, as if left un- 
touched the fondant will melt to a 
clear syrup. 

Bring the boiler to the table, have 
a piece of paraffine paper upon the 
right hand, at the left have the co- 
coanut creams. Drop one of these 
with the left hand Into the melted 
fondant, take it up quickly with the 
right on a fork, give It a little shake 
and turn neatly into the paraffine pa- 
per. If the cube Is left too long In 
the hot fondant It will melt, so the 
work must be done as rapidly as pos- 
sible. If the fondant becomes too stifl. 
before all are covered, set It on the , 
stove for a moment, or add boiling 
water to the lower part of the sauce- 
pan. Now dip the cubes again, if 
wanted extra nice; they will then be 
a pure, glossy white. 

If any melted fondant Is left, add a 
drop or two of vanilla to it and drop 
In whole almond or walnut meats, or 
bits of crystalized fruits. When the 
fondant is used, melt some more, add 
a drop of the yellow coloring matter 
to produce a pale lemon tint and dip 
the lemon cream, dipping each bon 
bon twice. Make the melted fondani 
a little deeper in tint for the orange 
creams. Then wash the boiler, melt 
some more fondant and color it pink, 
and dip the raspberry creams. Some 
of the fondant can be flavored with 
rose extract, rolled In little balls and 
dipped in the pink color. Flavor a 
piece with mint or with pistachio ex- 
tract, and dip in green colored melted 
fondant. Two drops each of lemon 
and vanilla extract and one drop of 
almond extract produces an excellent 
pistachio flavor. The nut creams can 
be dipped in any of the colored fon- 
dant, or dipped in melted chocolate. 
To prepare the chocolate melt a piece 
of fondant in weight about one-fourth 
of a pound, in this dissolve three ob- 
long dvisions of sweetened chocolate, 
and dip as before. For vanilla cream 
chocolates flavor a piece of the fon- 
dant with vanilla and form into little 
cone-shaped bits, then dip twice in the 
melted chocolate. 

Jjt JS J8 

For tuttl frutti creams chop a few 
raisins, an equal amount of cocoa- 
nut, and the same amount of nuts. 
Mix with fondant, flavor with a drop 
or two of vanilla, cut In neat cubes, 
and dip In any colored melted fon- 
dant. Again the soft centers can be 
tinted various shades, then dipped in 
melted white or in chocolate fondant, 
and so suggestions may be multiplied, 
and the bon bon dish filled, which does 
duty all the year around, so univer- 
sal is the 'sweet tooth" with Ameri- 
cans. For Informal affairs its con- 
tents are now counted as indispensa- 
ble; in fact, bon bons and delicate 
wafers with a cup of tea or a glass of 
lemonade often constitute the light re- 
freshments for receptions and small 
evening affairs. 

Jit j* Jt 
Good Doctor will not cure you. His 
prescription will not help you. If these 
all will not work with harmony, they will 
with good and freBh medicine. Many 
times bright Doctors do very little to help 
patients, because the medicine was not 
made correct, or was made of too old 
herbs. After our experience we highly 
recommend Morehead's Pharmacy cor- 
ner Second and San Fernando streets, 
San Jose, Cal. 

ED. PINAVD'S Eau do Quinine is the 
i : 1 1. in Restorative known n u 

I ■ 11)1 UlC 

hail bulbs, i muses luescalp and positively 

removes dandtuu". 

ED. PINAUD'S Eau do Qulnln, 

■ . m client li.ui dress ing, i In v el 
:n 1. 1 refined cdor which it leaves in the liuir 
tnnkes u a toilet luxury. 

So/J Evfiywhere, 
4 oz. bottles, 50c 8 oz. bottlos, $1.00 

George Clark 



I Solid Gold finlihcd, «ct with 
I Ruble, nnd Pearl., FREE 

■ for.olllnir 4 of my lar>:o Arl 
I I'i. : i.i. ■ i nt I v. reduced price 
lofSiccnU. All different.- No 

■ trouble- to toll lhcso picture*, 
^ tm J thoy aro handtomo art pri..duc- 

-Jl, dona Id Into li colors, original. c<- l i . 
Tho first four you meetwlllelidly lako llicm at 25 cent, to help 
yon win tho premium. Tho Itlog guaranteed worth many timoi 
Hi 1 1 imall lorries, but want to Introduce, my plctur- . .,t one*. 
Send .So Honey In advance. I troilToaaod will lead tbc pleroj*. rtfr*. 
• ratine t^ir u>J beautiful,. all cl.inr, r*la, han«.llmw. 
ttBU.l'laUK,n S r.ll.I > .lo.,omaiblD C loa»l.,llr[.u j| UlU(0, 


'Metal Fountain Syringe Tank*\ 


A handsome. Indestructible nature always ready for 
No bathroom complete without It. This copper, 
nickel plated tank 
can be hun B In 
any bed room or 
bathroom snu com- 
pletely replaces the 
old leaky, unslelit- 
ly rubber fountain 
syringe tank— hose 
can lie attached or 
detached In a mo- 
ment by a swivel 
attachment. The 
tank has large op- 
cnlnir. holds a gal- 
Ion ol water, and Is 
easily filled. It has 
a bar Inside for 
loklntr water anil- 
rplle (destroys all 
erms). Nettherhot 
or cold water af- 

I Order at once and get a 
I for catalog and special 

lr " 

leaky outfit 
ntl-septic bar free. Send 
Shipped on approval, 

WOfimUS A CO., U3 P Mr i Bl ., Grand ttapld., Filch. 

S;J0 A good 

glove for a 
'V - 
J ..s dollar and a half 


** w**}$ vvw^S x\ xx$ $ xxxx$ 3> *%v* 



J Announces that In order to Be- 5 

* cure more convenient quarters, > 

fl> with modern facilities they $ 

T have removed their $ 


/j. from 52 Mint Avenue to the ele- i. 

'/(\ gant apartments at 2J 


5 between Larkln and Polk streets. J 

/ft Telephone South 47. X 

Q San I Francisco. fo 
**v%, $ zx w\$ :$*% xx €€ %U*CC%*%i ** 

New Firm of Undertakers. 

Samuel McFadden. IS years man- 
ager for the United Undertakers' 
Association; M. J. McBrearty. with 
the same company for 10 years J P. 
F. Green, late with J. C. O'Connor 
& Co.. have opened navy F.uneral 
Parlors at 1171 Mission street, be- 
tween Seventh and Eighth. Sun 

Francisco. Telephone South 14. 

December, 1903 


Page 59 


3 01 


Furnishing Goods 
and Notions 

Cor. Sansome and Bush Sts. 



Attorney and Ccunsellor at L^d> 

Mills Building 


t><=»r li ir*p>H on household goods 

Keauccu Inor from theea3 , 

RateS?nl along the coast. Write 

Bekins Household Shipping Co. 

11 Montgomery, San Francisco. 
244 S. Broadway, Los Angeles. 
95 Washington, Chicago. 


Sore Throat, Cold In it'. id 01 
Chest, Croup, adults or children, 
internal and external, Earaehe. 
Neuralgia, Lame Back. Trial 
bottle 10c with sample best Salve 
on earth, free. 



"Cf W ^ good 

"X^ — 

& glove for a 
y- dollar and a half 




Member "i the Association of Ameri- 
can Directors Publishers. 

Oakland, Alameda and Berkeley 

Olllce. Macdonough Building. 

Sacramento City and County Di- 

San Jose City and Santa Clara 
County Directory. 

Fresno City and County Directory. 

Honolulu and Hawaiian Island Di- 

All Communications should be ad- 
dressed to the Oakland Office. 

80 World Building, Now York Olty 

Girls— who paint 

A "Girls' Class in Water Color" by 
Mail Cut this out, -ail it with your 
aturess and K,t a 1-,-u ^^"«5»g 
with particulars and portraits of Z» 
well-known Illustrators and Pen and 
Ink Artists. 


Some of Them Do Nothing Properly. 



I I 
i with him. and hi ■ 

n Im ompetenl i i 

i ,m v. iiiing to admh 

In this world -'■' l '-" 1 

■•you mlghl dlvldi 


Hi, h ho 

other peopli ••■ iwli d the 


••And noi a bad 
"Take tl u ' h " 

i n .< familiar with tl 

the last minute, who 
ough lit- out "i breath, 
appolntmi nti by the skin ol her ti i th 
She nevei has time to 
brush hi "" tid- 

ing or to wrlti lier letters. And whose 
i.niii ,.. ii half the time? Her own. She 
,i... no opei ly. She dawdh s 

OVl i oni thing to rush through a hun- 
dred • ■- i consequence And who has nol 
in. i the woman whose wardrobi 

ni ver match her 
gowns, and who alw ha omething 

the matter with every dress she owns? 
Shi Is lie- woman who spends recklesslj 
nn small things and never has any money 
for ih" large ones. Of course this aorl 
of woman never keeps accounts, nor 
does she try to apportion her Income in 
Ibl manner— thai Is, she may try 

for tw • three days, but she never 

i up." 
••And the woman wie. can't manage 
her household? Aha!" chortled the 
bai helor. 

"Yes; the woman who can't manage 
her own household. I agree with you in 
saying 'aha!' She Is a wonder. The 
family eats partridt'i- one day and pea 
soup the rest oi thi week: She econ- 
omizes by shaving a dollar oft the -ser- 
vants' wages. Result, a poor servant 
who throws away more in one week than 
a decent one would in a month, and as 
the poor servant has no art at fixing 
over things the family lives on roa ts 
Steaks, and chops, while the remnants 
are thrown away and the bones ditto. 
while the soup they should furnish is 
bought in cans, and the bread and pastry 
are also purchased from a nearby expen- 
sive bakery." 

"And the woman who can't manage 

"Why, she simply has not learned to 
deal with her own kind. People either 
walk over her and ha v.- no respect for 
her or else they quarrel with her all the 
time. And it is her own fault. There 
Is a way of repelling familiarity, of 
avoiding the people we don't like and- 
of attracting the people we do, of turn- 
ing aside a quarrelsome disposition and 
meeting an insult in a dignified manner. 
And if a woman doesn't know how to do 
these tilings, she'd' befTer learn. That's 

& & „* 

A neal little volume entitled "Poems 
of Joy." by Alice Kingsbury Cooley. 
has just been published. Each poem 
is a gem. and possesses the true fire 
of genius. "Christmas Tide" breathes 
of peace and happiness when the Sa- 
vior of mankind first smiled upon the 
world. "My Heart Sings Like a Bird" 
is a sweet song to Nature, and is writ- 
ten In a pleasant vein with a heart 
that tells of its own happiness, ihe 
hook is verv entertaining, and the 
iover of good poetry lays it down witn 
a regret that there is not mor* H 
is dedicated, in the words of the au- 
thor, to "The sweet singer and kind, 
beautiful lady, Ina D. Coolbrith, with 
loving friendship" 

California Go-Operative Medical Go. 

DR. JOHN L. KELLETT. President 

Main Office, 906 Broadway, Oakland. 


227 E street. Eureka. Cal. 

Coqullle City, Oregon. 

115 S. Fourth street, St. Louis, Mo. 

Write for Testimonials and Circulars. 

See Announcement on Page 46. 

& 1 . O O "FL E TrtT A. IF*. 3D 

SfW -■■ 9 ^^ _T^.. TT._u. 'JUL Toanyoncwhowlllprorowodonotdooawood.rcr 

, _.._ who will proro wo do not do on wo odvertto. 

W.- ■,', ml t.i have ,.nr oiarv.llous hnu/clmld remedies rued by 
ovcr>- family In America, and we Intend to jrlrc away at least 
23,0110 DISItEBSRIS inordertodothls. Doynawant on... 
Please note the only condltiuiis: Sena us your name and od- 
dress n ml we will send you eight boxes of our remedies i f» 
each 'box VtOScT'and return uiTONLY JIJM of the *2-O0 rccclv- 
edfor.he.alcof'ou.mcdklne. . Thl.*L001sto .Uowyoargood 
faith and that you really WBOt the dlsi.ea. The /«° n ? d "''" 
,.™ «™,| „, ONLY aft.T Voll r.nive the dlshej anil baro BC- 
} u °all7".ed them, and arJcntlrely g^**£&VSg ?*£ 
to any »10.00set you eon purrbue •" «'°J »°" 7„ ™ D '? d " 
you will, the dlafie.and also with *L<>0™?»Wg ,'?™" r , SSSZ 
cine. Wedothl. bccauseyoamoybaTcbcen fooled b> M.nefako 
Mnccrniandwe>vantyoutothoroogl.lyaTOrerlMeour honesty 

- vE_T' ' ELiMfc and'«ouccrfcCOTcraisuc»,< 

re tuwdiomeiy decorated with blue, green end gold. Or we will allow you 10 per cent. 

\ tea, and bread plalei: c-,- 
it, butter and milk pitcher. 

,.,-.. ...... idon for telling our assorted 


Craig-y-Nos Castle in the heart of the picturesque Swansea Valley, the 
home of Mine PattI, contains some of the most priceless heirlooms and bric- 
a-brac in Great Britain. Within the walls are souvenirs from every clime 
gathered by the great diva during the journeys of her wonderful career. 

Mme. Patti was the great artist who first indorsed th. Kimball piano, 
one of which she took to Craig-y-Nos Castle in 1S89, where it still stands, 
in excellent condition doing good service. Since the testimonial then given 
the Kimball Piano, she has endorsed no other. Mme. PattI has now placed 
in her castle one of the new style Kimball baby grands, and this is the let- 
ter she writes concerning its arrival. 

Craig-y-Nos Castle, Ystradgynlais, R. S. O. 

Breconshire, South Wales. July 28, 1807. 
Dear Mr. Kimball — It is with great pleasure that I write to acknowledge 
the safe arrival of the Kimball baby grand piano. It is indeed a beautiful 
piano, and has an exquisite tone. It has already been greatly admin 
many connoisseurs, who are all united in pronouncing it a chef-a'oi 
With kind regards, believe me, yours truly, 








Power Makes Time 


On the 2000 mile run to Chicago 

A train complete in detailed perfection 

A comfort=lov^*'s train — 

California Limited 

Leaves daily over the dustless roadbed 
and easy riding track 

Santa Fe